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    龍8苹果手机最新版本【krolicks.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。赵县挚安培训学校(原楚雄九洞刹经贸有限公司)成立于1993年,占地面积98898平方米,爱赢AG上海百乐门其中生产厂房占地6188平方米,仓库面积占地3496平方米。固定资产5934万元,流动资产0532万元,干部职工共810人,工程技术人员04人。龍8苹果手机最新版本Note:Dishiddeninordernottodisclosethedataaboutspecificenterprises.*islowerthan500,:USBureauofEconomicAnalysis:http:///.eswhentheyinvestintheUnitedStates,largeChineseenterprisesspecializinginforeigntradeandindustrialtrade,,someenterprisesbegantopurchasethebrandsandmarketingchannels,computermakerLenovopurchasedthepersonalcomputerbusinessoftheIBM,andtheQinchuanMachinerypurchasedtheUnitedAmericanIndustries,,it,whenHaierestablishedplantsintheUnitedStates,itsstrategicgoalwastogainafootholdintheUnite,wh,computer,chemical,bio-pharmacy,veforresearch,developmentandinnovation,ithasattractedChine,LenovoestablishedaresearchanddevelopmentlaboratoryintheSiliconValleyin1992inordertoordertoboostitstechnologicalstrengthinthefieldsofopticaltransmission,,suchastheCITIC,theytransferredproduction,WanxiangGrouppurchasedtheUSSchelerCompanyinthebeginningofthiscenturyandthentransferredtheproductionofallSchelerproductstoitsfactoryinChina,whileusingtheSchelerbrandtosellthemintheUnitedStates.HouYongzhi,ZhangJunkuo,ndrivedevelopmen,witht,beingetion,Chinausedgrowthpolesstrategyeitherconsciousl,Chinaresortedtoadministrativeinterventiontomobilizehuman,materialandfiscalresourcesanddevelopregionally-significan,Chinacultivatedthreeinternationally-importantgrowthpoles,namelytheYangtzeRiverDelta,thePearlRiverDeltaandtheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiRegion,bycreatingspecialzones,openingupcoastalcities,establishingeconomic-technicaldevelopmentzonesandh,Chinacultivatedahostofgrowthpolesacrossthecountry,drivingregionalessuccesksinregionaleconomicdevelopment,Chinashouldcontin,thecentralgovernmenthasintr"fullytapthecomparativeadvantagesofvariousregionstopromotetherationalflowoffactorsandtheorderlytransferofindustriesbetweendifferentregions,cultivatenewregionaleconomicgrowthpolesinthecentralandwestregions,andbettercoordinateregionaldevelopment".Incultivatinggrowthpoles,,Chinashallbeunabletoobtainthedesiredresultsandoptimizethecountry,Chinaneedstofullyunderstandtheimportanceofformingnewgrowthpolesanddefineprinciplesandmeasuresforthedistribution,cultivationanddevelopmentofnewgrowthpolesinordertoservethefundamentalneedsofall-roundnatatingthechangeofthemodeofeconomicdevelopmentisthemainlineofthe12thFive-YearPlan,entofregionaleconomies,bual,onemainmoveistospurdomesticdemandsoastoformapatterninwhichinvestment,structureconstruction,aprocessofaccelerateddevelopmentofthesecondaryandtertiaryindustries,andaproc,,rawmaterials,equipmentmaking,estment,roptimizingandupgradingindustrialstructure,,,transformandupgradeindustrialstructurewithinexistingregionalspaces,andtheotheristoacceptind,,thesecondwaycan,thechangeofthemodeofdevelopmentwillbecomea"castleintheair".Withtheconcentrationofeconomicandhumanactivities,humananevitablycreatenewideas,newtechnologiesandnewproducts,,regionalgrowthpolescanalsobecomeindispensable"relaystations"fornewideas,conceptsandtechnologi,Chinaseastregionhasformedmanymajorgrowthpolesduetohistoricalandcurrentreasons,naturalandculturalreasons,,providedlocalpeoplewithm,China,whicharefavorablylocatedandhavehighresourceandenvironment,regionaldevelopmentequityha,Chinamustpayhigherattentiontothisissueopedcoast,asthefiscalresourcesofvariousplacesarecloselylinkedwiththelevelsoftheireconomicdevelopment,thedisparitybetweenvariousplacesineconomicdevelopmentdetermin,whilethecultivationofnewgrowthpolescanspeedupthedevelopmentinunderdevelopedregions,itcanalsohelppursueregionalequalizationofpublicservices. …Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    ,(HEVs)aredevelopingunevenlyandtheproducttechnologiesarebackwardinallaspectsInChina,theHEVtechnologieshavebeenconscommercialHEVtechnologieshavedevelopedrapidly,yetthepas,theparallelandengineidlingstart-stopcontrolsystemhasbeenadoptedmostlyforChinaspassengerHEVs,yetChinahastomakeeffortstofillinthegapsinthefieldsofpower-splithybridelectricvehicle(PSHEV)technology,,ChinaspassengerHEVscansavefuelby15%~20%.Chinahasmainlyconcentrat,,thefirstperiodwillbefocusedonseriesandparallelconnection,andcurrentlythet(PHEV)areundergoingresearchanddevelopmentonthewholeSuchautovarietiesarefewandfarbetween,themanufacturersofpassengerPHEVsonthebulletinboardareBYD,FAWandGeely,,theun,whicharedividedintopureEVsandHEVs,areaPHEVm,China,theweightofF3DMhas,,althoughF3DMconsumessimilaramountoffuelasPlug-inPriusdoes,(EV)hasbecomeaprioritymodelfortheChinesefinishedautoenterprisesintheirHEVresearchanddevelopmentChinahas,inthemain,masteredsuchkeytechnologiesasvehiclecontrol,matchingofpowersystemandintegrateddesigning,andhassteppedonthewholefroms,Chinahasputforth49typesofpurepas,themajorfinishedautoenterpriseshaveallbroughtelectricvehicles,Dongfeng,Changan,Chery,GeelyandGreatWallhavealldevelopedthroughresearchpureelectriccars,yetelectricvehiclesofhighperformancearestilllaggingbehinda,intermsoffinishedproduct,brand-newmodelsareseenabroad,,lithiumironphosphatebatteriesaremainlyusedinChina,,therearestillhugegapsbetweenChina-madevehiclesandthosemadeabroadintermsofreliability(failurerate),iencingresearch,developmentandtestTheresearchanddevelopmentofthetechnicalplatformforfuelcellvehicled,progresshasbeenmadeinfuelcellautotechnologieswhicharestillundergoingresearch,sfuelcellautotechnologiesandadvancedworldlevelsintermsofsuchkeyindicatorsascoldstarttemperature,lifespan,,yetbreakthroughshavenotbeencompletelymadeinkeytechnologiesChinahasindependentlydevelopedMHandLithium-Ionautopowercellsof6amperehoursto100amperehours,withsuchkeyins,yettheengineeringability,grouptechnology,lifespan,reliability,charge-dischargeability,energymanagementandheatmanagementoftheproducts,especiallyofthegroupproductsystem(batterypack),breakthroughshavenotbeenthoroughlymadeinthemembranetechnologyandthePE-AL-PPtechnologyforpowercells,thusresultinginsmallproductionscaleandpoorstabilityandconsistencyofproductbatches,haspositiveandnegativeelectrodesandelectrolyte,andsuchma,sandthedevelopmentofpassengerHEVslagsbehindAsoftheendof2011,theoutputofChinasHEVshadachievedanaccumulativetotalof16,,enormousprogresshasbeenmadeintheindustrializationofcommercialHEVs,whichisreflectedbytheenrichednumberofvehiclemodels,steadilygrowingoutput,escalationofcommercializationbyawidemargi,thention,Chinahadmanufacturedanaccumulativetotalof9,,then%,thenumberofpassengerHEVsmadebyGMaccountedfor19%,thenumber,andmassproductionofthepassengerHEVswasstartedbySAICMotorCorp,DongfengMotorGroupandZhejiang,ChinauchtransnationalcorporationsasToyota,GMandVolkswagen,thereisapressingneedtoindustrializeChinasindependenentTheindustrializationofpureHEVshasjuststartedandtheoutputofpurepassengerHEVshasreachedamaximumaccumulativetotal,andsuchHEVs,Chinahadproducedanaccumulativetotalof4,,AnhuiChery,JAC,JiangnanAutomobileandBYDhadmanufacturedanaccumulativetotalof2370,592,,BYDandNingboShenmahadproducedanaccumulativetotalof347,,enterprisesannouncedfortheproductionofplug-inpassengerHEVsareonlyBYD,FAWandGeely,whileSAIC,BAIerautomanufacturerssuchasWuzhoulongMotors,ZhongTongBus,Ankai,,asoftheendof2011,atotalof20,,therehasbeenfewerstarandmainmodelsamongpureHEVsandplug-inHEVsinChina,skeyautoenterprisestobeincreasedinpureandplug-inHEVsinthefuture,itispredictedthatindustrializationprocesswillbecomeaccelerated.ByZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo182,2010Garbageisanissuethatconcernspeopleslivelihoodandimpactspeopleslivingenvironmentandphysicalhealth,oproperlyhandlelegitimatepublicoutcriesforenvironmentalprotection,,thisissueshouldreceivehighat,theissueo,whichstoodatabout30milliontonsin1981,roseto154milliontonsin2008,atanannualgrowthrateof5%~6%.,000countycitiesand20,000centraltownswereincluded,,garbag"headache"tockpilingInfaceofrapidurbangarbagegrowth,theinitialmethodemployedbyso"garbage-besieged",whichspoilscitylooks,,riverwater,groundwaterandotherwatersourcesareseriouslypolluted,,theorganicmattersdecompose,,notedforhighincidenceofdiseases,,roblemSomecitieshavebeenslowinlandplanningandusedthe,,"perceivableandtouchable"vanityprojectsandneglecttheconstrtedbythegeneralpublicbeca,somesmallandmedium-sizedcitieshavecommissionedgarbagetreatmenttoenterprisesthroughbiddingandotherchannelsandfailedtoexercisenecessary,theexistenceandoperationofthesefacilitieshaveaffectedthelifeandphysicalhealthofnearbyresidents,elopmentoftheChineseeconomyandthecontinuousimprovementofthepeopleslivingstandard,dhealthrisks,and,thegrowingpublicresentmentsinthear,residentsinBeijing,Guangzhou,Jiangsuandotherplaceseitherstagedsit-insingarbagetreatmentgrounds,ormade"strolls"intherelatedgrounds,,whichnowhasarisingenvironmentalawareness,beginstotakeadvantageofInternetconveniencetovoicetheirhopethattheydonotwantgarbagetreatmentgroundsbuiltintheir"backyard",andconsistentwiththehuman-orienteds,indealingwithmassincidents,afewcitymanagers,whoareincompetentinsolvinggarbageproblemsandlackabilitytodealwithmassincidentsintheinformationage,,theytakeinappropriatemeasures,only,solvinggarbageproblemsGarbageDisposalIsMoreComplexthaninDevelopedCountriesChinasugncountries,thesubjectsofurb,theenvironmentaldepartmengandutilization,,Chinaisinthestageofrapidindustrializationandurbanization,,,advancepreparationssu,,someplacesusereservedlandfillgroundsforrealestatedevelopmentandindustrialconstruction."Thenextgovernmentpaysnoattentiontothedecisionsmadebythepreviousgovernment."Governmentdepartmentsscrambleforanythi,theenviron,garbagetreatmentgroundsbecomecloserandclosertoresidentialareasandtheaccumulatedgantsAlthoughthecomponentsofforeigngarbagearerelativelystableandgarbagesortingandrecyclingreceivehighattention,composting,,Europeancountriestreated42%oftheirgarbagebyland-filling,20%byrecyclingand17%filli,,seconomicdevelopment,,thegarbageinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandotherlargecitiescontainsahigherratioofrecyclablecompo,thegarbageofsmallandme,morethan70%,nos...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米ByLiuShijin,ZhangJunkuo,HouYongzhiZhuoXian,TaskForceon"ChinasLevelofDevelopmentatthePresentStage",LeadingPartyGroupDepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo71,2011Theterm"developingcountry"referstoacountrythathasrelativelylowlevelsofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentandpeopleslivingstandardandisstillintheprocessoftransfor,itseconomyhasbeengrowingatanaverageannualrateofnearly10%anditstremendousachievemenllyacceptablepercapitadevelopmeeaquestionintheworldWhyhavesomeorganizationsandindividualsoftenquestionedChinas"developingcountry"statusconsciouslyorunconsciouslyandevenaskedChinatoassumeinternationalresponsibilitiesasadevelopedcountryThelateststatisticaldataindicatethatintermsofthegrossdomesticproduct(GDP),ChinaovertookJapanin2010tobecometheworld,somepeoplesuggestedChinaslabelsas"adevelopingcountryandanemergingmarket",weneedtoexplainwhyChinaremainsadevelopingcountryandatthesametimestudywhyChinas"developingcountry"ionalcommunitysmisunderstandingofthepresentstageofChinaseconomicdevelopmentbutalsohelpuscorrectlyunderstanlityThatChinasPerCapitaLevelsAreLowThetruelevelofacountrysdevelopmentismainlymeasuredbyitspercapitalevels,especiallyinthe30yearsafterChinabeganreformandopeningup,thecountry,Chinaisalreadytheworld,thelevelofChina,ChinaspercapitaGDPwasonly3,744dollarsin2009,whichwaslessthanhalfoftheworldaveragelevelof8,(46,000dollars),Japan(39,000dollars),Chinaspercapitapowerconsumptionin2007was2,332KWHs,rican(13,000KWHs).Alsoin2007,autopossessionbyper1,sautopossessionbyper1,ualityofthepeople,thelowerthelivingstandardis,sEngleCoefficientisfarhigherthanthatofdevelopedcountries(Table1).ThisindicatesthattheChinesestillhavetouseaconsiderableproportionoftheirspendingtomeettheirfood,,theyspendmuchlessoncultural,health,,whichisabasiclivingindicator,Chinas89%levelisnotonlyfarlowerthanindevelopedcountriesbutalsolowerthaninBrazil,SouthAfricaandotherdevelopingcountries(Table1).Sointermsoflivingstandard,outChinasGDPFirst,thesepeopledonotreallycareint,buttheytakethemmoreasapopeople,theywouldnotignorethepercapitaindicatorsthatcanbestreflectthestateofthelifeanddevelopmentoftheChinesepeopleandshouldnotchallengeChinas"developingcountry"statusbycitingChinasGDPratherthanitspercapitaindicators.。

    金世豪MG篮球巨星ByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCInternationalTradeNo1,,withdeepeningeconomicglobalizationandwidelyappliedinformationtechnology(IT),serviceshave,includingficit,revealingthatChinaativeadvantages,itisofmajorimportanceforChinatoconstantlypromoteitsinternationalcompetitivenessintermsoftradeinservicesforitsforeigntraderestructuring,whichhasagreatstrategicsignificanceforchangingChina,developingtradeinservicesisnecessaryforboostingChinaestimporterofgoods,inglobalizationitsti,basicfactorsthathaveaneffectonthecountryscomparativeadvantagesarechanginginaprofoundmanner,wagestoordinaryworkersarerisingfastandtheinternationalcompetitivenessoflabor-intensiveproductsisweakening,butthequalityoflaborhasimprovedremarkably,workersyearsofeducationhaveincreasedgreatly,andthenumberofuniversitygraduateshasswelledrapidly–,ontheonehand,givefullplaytoChinasadvantageinhumanresources,,theaveragepayoftheserviceexportsectoris22%alcompetitivenessofChina,buttheoverallstrengthofindustrychains,thatdeterminestheinternationalcompetitivenessofacountry,wecaneffectivelyimprovetheoverallcompetitivenessofChinasmore,developingtradeinservicescanextendthevaluechainbywhichChinaparticipatesintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,andelevateChinaoftheglobalvaluechainofproduction,andextendingtowardsbothendsofthe“smilecurve”–RDservicesandprofessionalservices,twosectorsofhighvalueadded–representsthedi,developingtradeinserviceshelpsimproveChina,developingtradeinservicesisaneffectivewaytopromotethedevelopmentofChinael,,booststhetrainingofinternationaltalents,sharpenscompetitioninthedomesticservicemarket,,developinheexcessinternalcontrolthathasledtoinadequateopeningtotheoutsideworld,whileopeningupserviceindustriestotheoutsideworldwillhelpreform,developing,internaldemanddeterminesthelow-levelsupplystructureofserviceindustries,whilemakingfulluseofthemarketsofdevelopedcountrieshelpsachievetheeconomiesofscaleinhigh-endserviceindustries,,developingtradeinservingproblemforChina,,ithelpsoptimizetheindus,itisconducivetoenergyconservationandemissionsreducti,ittorthataffectstheefficiencyofChina,forinstance,logisticstakeuplessthan10%ofGDP,butitsnearly20%inChina–suggestingtosomeextentthelowefficiencyofChina,,thoughatageographicdisadvantageintermsofgoodsexport,arenotgeographicallyconstrainedtodeveloptradeinsomeservices;transactionsinserviceoutsourcingrequireonlyaccesstotheInternet,andprojectcontracting,exportoflaborservice,,weeninlandregionsandcoastalones,butalsobringmorejobsandincometouniversitygraduates,constructionworkers,1,ChinasforeigntradeinservicestotaledUS$,ranking4thintheworld,includingUS$(ranking4thintheworld)andUS$(ranking3rdintheworld).Between2004-2008,China%,,thegrowthrateofChina%in2008to-12%in2009,,%,,%,%.Figure1showsclearlythatChinasserviceexporthaswitnessedviolentfluctuations.ByLiuYunzhong,DevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomy,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo81,sdomesticregionaleconomicintegrationstructure,enlargingthesizeofthedomesticmarket,expandingdomesticdemandandbridgingtheregionalgapand,atthesametime,suchintegrationcanalsofacilitatethespatiahemarketentitiesindifferentp,theprocessofth,favorableconditionsarecreatedfortrans-regionalflowofproductsandproductionfactorsbymakinghandsomeinputandbygraduallyenhancingandeventuallyforminganinfrastructuresystem,suchastheclosely-knittransportationandcommunicationnetworks;,geographicallyadjacentregionseliminatethepolicybarrieragainsttheflowofproductsandproductionfactorsdependingonagreementsbetweengovernmentsand,guidedandmotivatedbylocalgovernments,regionalco-operationconstantlyimprove;,reasonablerelationshipframeworksbetweenthecentralgovernmentandthelocalgovernmentsaresetupbyamelioratingthelegalsystemforsafeguardingorderlyandeffectivemarketcompetition,soastoeliminatethepolicyandinstitutionalrootsimpedingtheflowofproduct,thoughtherehavebeenstudiesonthedegreeoftheregionaleconomicintegrationfromdifferentperspectives,thosestudiesusuallycallforapr,(usually,thereareintactandcompleteannualdata),whichisconducivetosizi,peoplesizeupthedegreeofregionaleconomicintegrationbyfiguringpricedifferences,tradecontact(suchasthetransportationvolumeamongtheregions)andinformationexchange(suchaspostandtelecommunicationsbetweentheregions),theproblemarisingfromthismethodisthepoordataavailability,,onomicintegrationbyobservingtheconnectionbetweeneconomicfluctuationsinvariousregions(administrativeunitsattheprovinciallevel).Generally,iftheeconomicconnectionbetweentheregionsisfewandfarbetween,thetrendsandfluctuationpatternsforeconomicgrowthbetween,thenthetrend,thechangingdegreeofconsistencyineconomicfluctuationsbetwe,theGRPgrowthandtheper-capita,,theeconomicgrowthrates(suchastheGRPgrowthrateorper-capitaGRPgrowthrate)ofvariousregionswillnotbedecomposedbuttherelatedcoefficientsbetweentheeconomicgrowthratesofvariousregionswillbeevaluateddirectly,andthechangingdegreeoftheregionaleconomicint,thedatadecompositionmethodwillbeusedtodecomposetheobservab,thechangeincorrelateddegreesofthetrendvariablesandfluctuationcomponentswillbediscussedsepa,thispaperusesthecorrelateddegreesoftheeconomicgrowthinvariousregionstoreflectthedegreeofthedomesticregionaleconomicintegration,:sbetween1952~2009,ofwhichaperiodof10yearsistakenasanintervaltocalculaterelatedcoefficientsandtoobservethechangeofthecorrelateddegrees;secondly,therelatedcoefficients,amethodforsizingupthedegreeofthedomesticregionaleconomicintegrationisacquired;thirdly,theeconomicgrowthratesofvariousregionsaredecomposedintotrendcomponentsandfluctuationcomponentsandtherelatedcoefficientsofthetrendcomponentsandfluctuation,twootherkindsofmethodsforsizin,theresultsgainedfromthecalculationofthefluctuationcomponentsaremorelikelytoconformtothetheoreticalrequirements;andfourthly,theannualrelatedcoefficientindexesbetween1991~2009havebeenfurthercalculatedinthispaper,whiintheabove-mentionedcourseisamatrixofrelatedcoefficients,whichmakesiteasytolearnaboutthecorrelateddegreesbetweenprovinces(municipalitiesandautonomousregions),,,therelatedcoefficientscanbecalculatedinarollingwayatregularintervalsso,itmayblurmanydetailedconnections,suchastheconnectionsinindustrialstructureandtradestructure,etc.ByXuanXiaowei,ResearchTeamon"AnIndicatorSystemforScientificDevelopmentEvaluation",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo93,"CoreIndicatorSystemforScientificDevelopmentEvaluation""coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"shouldbecenteredonthe"people-oriented"conceptConstructionofthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluationmustfundamentallyref,onemustfirstunderstandwhythe"people-oriented""people-oriented"conceptisattheheartofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentembodiesthefundamentaltheoryofMarxisthistoricalmaterialism,reflectsthePartysprimarypurposeofservingthe,canpeoplefullyandcorrectlyunderstandthescientificoutlookondeve"coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"mustbecenteredonthe"people-oriented"concept,andtomakeclearsinterestsindevelopment,adheretodevelopmentforandbythepeople,andtobringthebenefitofdevelopmenttoallthepeople,soastoenablethemassall-rounddevelopmentastheultimategoalofeconomicandsocialdevelopment;thereforeweshouldnotonlyfocusonpeoplesmaterialandculturalneeds,butalsoonboostingpeople,weshouldconstantlyendeavortoupliftpeoplesqualityandcapability,which,inturn,"People-oriented"and"Maslowshierarchyofneeds"Thefactthatthecoreofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisthepeople-orientedconceptpointsouttheorientationandfundamental,whilethe"people-oriented"conceptprovidesonlytheorientationoftheevaluationsystem,westillneedtoma"Maslowshierarchyofneeds"toillustratetheconnotationsofthe"people-oriented"shierarchyofneeds,alsocalled"hierarchyofbasicneeds",isabehaviortheoryputforwardbyAmericanpsychologistAbrahamMaslowinapaperentitled"ATheoryofHumanMotivation",therearephysiologicalneeds,safetyneeds,loveandbelonging(needstobeinsocialgroups),esteem(needsforrespect),shierarchyofneedshasitsownlimitationsandwedontcompletelyagreewithMaslowsargumentthatdiverseneedsarehierarchical,hisviewsonclassificationofneedsaswellasthecontentsconcernedcanbeborrowedtoenrichthe"people-oriented"concept,providingvaluablereferencefor"FiveCivilizations","Five-AccessSociety"and"coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"Asclearlystatedabove,the"people-oriented"concept,whichisattheheartofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,providesthefundamentalprinciplefortheconstructionofthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation,andwemayrefertoMaslowshierarchyofneedstoillustratethe"people-oriented",inwhatspecificwaysshouldthe"people-oriented"conceptbeimplementedHowcantheessenceoftheconceptbematerializedWhataretheprioritizedfieldsforthecoreevaluationsystemundercurrentcircumstancesBearingthesequestionsinmind,wewilldiscusstheoverallpictureandpressingissuesregardingthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluationfromthetwoaspectsof"FiveCivilizations"and"Five-AccessesSociety".(1)"FiveCivilizations"encompassallthefieldscoeandpracticeintheprocessofChinayofChina(CPC),itwaspointedoutthatweshouldendeavortobuildsocialistspiritualc"aprosperous,strong,democraticandculturallyadvancedcountry"dinateddevelopmentofmaterial,politi,JiangZeminsetthedevelopmentofsocialistdemocraticpoliticsandconstructionofsocialistpoliticalcivilizationasthetforwardthegoalofpushingforwardcoordinateddevelopmentofsocial,economic,politicalandculturalconstruction,"ecologicalcivilization",political,spiritual,socialandecologicalcivilizations;theyinteractandmutuallyinfluenceeachother,,materialcivilizationreferstomaterialachievementsofmankindintheprocessoftransformingnature,,thefartherawaypeoplearefromthewilderness,andthelessdependanttheyareonnature,ctice,asr,policies,ntransformingtheobjectiveandsubjectiveworlds,,inthebroadsense,meanspeoplesenlightenedstateandprogressattained,thesumofhumanachievementsintransformingtheobjectiveandsubjectiveworlds,anintegrationofmaterial,politicalandspiritualcivilizations;inthenarrowsense,itisparallelwithmaterialcivilization,politicalcivilizationandspiritualcivilization,"socialcivilization"sachievementsinimprovingtheecologicalenvironmentbyfollowingthelawthatman,re,betweenpeoplethemselves,andbetweenindividualsandsociety,andstrivingforavirtuouscircle,,ecologicalcivilizationistheprerequisite,thematerialcivilizationisthefoundation,thepoliticalcivilizationistheguarantee,ilizationsisacorrectresponsetothedevelopmenttrendofhumansociety,andanothermilestoneinthePartyluationnecessitatesimplementationofthepeople-orientedconceptintheabove-mentionedFiveCivilizationswhichshouldincludeallfieldscoveredbythecoreindicatorsystem.龍8苹果手机最新版本重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,,oftheinterviewedenterprises,25sawtheirsalesrevenuegrowingrapidly(byover10%),38sawtheirgrowingsteadily(by5%~10%),13sawtheirgrowingslowly(by0~5%)%,only1islistedand4arestate-owned,%%%oftheirtotalemployeesduring2007~2011,%,theave,9sawtechnicallevelsoftheirmanufacturingequipmentlivinguptointernationaladvancedlevelsand13sawtheirsreachingtheadvanceddomesticlevels,suggestingthatequipmenttechnologiesareofvitalimportancetoproductqualityandcompetitivepower,%ofthetextileenterprisesinChinawereshortofworkersinvaryingdegreesand,inthefirsthalfof2012,%,,17ofthe81surveyedtextileenterprisesthoughttheyhadsufficienthumanresources,yetmostoftheenterprisessaidthatitwasquitedifficultforthemtorecruitgeneralandtechnierelargeenterprises,%ofallsurveyedlargeenterprisesand,3ofthe9enterprisesalsomentionedtheyhaddifficultyrecruitingskilledworkersandthatthenewrecruitswerelesscapable,suggestingthatproblemslikelaborshortageandinabilitytoretainpersonnelexistatlargeandtheproblemsarenotmuch,6ofthe17enterprisesthatheldthattheyhadsufficienthumanresourcessawtheirsalesrevenueincreasingbymorethan10%inrecent3yearsand10sawtheirsupby5%~10%,%,suggestingthatenterpriseswithgoodbusinessperformancearelessboggeddowninseriouslaborsh,19weremedium-sizedandsmallandmicro-sizedenterprises,makingup76%,suggestingthatlargeenterprisesaremoreattractivetotalentedpeople.ZhaoJinping,HuJiangyunFangJinDuetotheimpactoftheEuropeandebtcrisisandtheslowglobaleconomicrecovery,Chinahasseenitsexportgrowthdecliningmonthaftermonthsincethebeginningofthesecondhalrstandthedifficultiesandproblemsconfrontingenterprises,weconductedanemergencyquestionnairesurveyonover100enterprisesin20citiesacrossthecountry,isesfacediversedifficulties,arefairlydownbeataboutexportgrowthinthenextyear,andhopethegovernmentwilltakemoreactivemeasurestostabilizetheexchangerageofRenminbi,containtheexcessgrowthinpricesandlaborcosts,increasepolicy-orientedfinancialloans,,includingShenzhen,Guangzhou,Dongguan,Foshan,Xiamen,Ningbo,Suzhou,Nanjing,,54%,61%,%wereinthePearlRiverDelta(Table1).Table1ScaleandLocationofSurveyedEnterprises(%)ByChengGuoqiang,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)AgriculturewasoneofthemostdifficultissuesinthenegotiationforChinasentryintotheWorldTradeOrganization(WTO)andoneofthe,theevaluationoftheimpactimposedonChineseagricultureduringthe10yearssinceChinasentryinineseagricultureinthepastdecade,weanalyzedandidentifiedthebasicexperiencegainedfromtheopeningupofChineseagricultureandtheissuescallingforattentionduringtheprocess,andputforththestrategicdirectionandpolicyoptio:Openingup,GrowthandStructuralChangeChinasentryintotheWTOandtheexpandedopening-upofChineseagri,inthepastdecade,Chinahascontinuedtopushforwardtheopening-upofagricultureintermsofscopeanddepth;activelybuiltupthecapacityformakingcoordinateduseofboththedomesticandforeignmarketsandresources;strivedtoimprovetheoverallquality,operationefficiencyandmarketcompetencyofagriculture;andprovidestrongsupportandguaranteeforthenationalfoodsecurity,thesupplyofmajorfarmproducts,thesteadyandrapidgrowthofthenationaleconomy,:ernofagricultureInthepastdecadesinceChinasaccessiontotheWTO,%,lessthanaquarteroftheworldaverageof62%,makingChinaoneofthecountrieswiththelowesttariffsforfarmproductsintheworld1;compliedwiththecommitmentsconcerningtariffquotaadministration,adoptedimportcontrolanddomesticmarketmeasuresonkeyfarmproductssuchasgrainsandcotton,aswellasmeansofagriculturalproductionsuchasfertilizers2;cancelledsubsidiesforfarmproductexpor%.Meanwhile,Chinahasactivelyencouragedtheagriculturalintroductionandtheutilizationofforeigninvestment,andlaunchedprogramsinintegrateddevelopment,processingandcirculationoffarmproductsandtechnologicalRD,whichhaveplayedapositiveroleinpromotingthedevelopmentofmodernagriculture,upgradingthestructureofthefarmproductprocessingindustry,ricultureandtheestablishmentofanopen,fairandreasonableframeworkforinternationalandbilateralagriculturalcooperation;exploredandimplementedthe“goingglobal”,includingprivateones,areactiveinoverseasinvestment,andhavelaunchedagriculturaldevelopmentandcooperativeoperationinSoutheastAsia,AfricaandSouthAmerica,formingasustained,stableandr,soa,ChinahaspromotedbilateraltradeliberalizationwithASEANandNewZealand;fullyparticipatedintheDohaRoundnegotiationstofacilitatetheestabli,Chineseagriculturehasbasicallyintegratedintotheinternationaltradesystem,withitsopening-upbeingbroadenedanddeepened,rehensiveproductioncapacityimprovedcontinuouslyInthepasttenyearsaftertheaccessiontotheWTO,Chinahastakenactivemeasurestodealwiththeimpactoffiercemarketcompetition,frequenttradefrictions,theinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheextremelyvolatilemarketoffarmproducts;managedtoaddressthechallengesoftheriseofthecostsofagriculturalproduction,declineofcomparativeinterests,andfrequentnaturaldisasters;,%,1%%from1998to2001beforeChinasaccessiontotheWTO(Table1).Table1ChangeoftheChineseEconomicStructure(%)from1978to2010ByXuXiaoqing,LiuShouying,WuZhenjunLiaoBingguang,ResearchTeamon"SupplyandDemandofAgriculturalProducts,CostFluctuationandRegulatoryPoliciesinChina",ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo56,2012Overthenextdecade,theindustrialization(includingland,laborforceandcapital),thechangesofpopulationagestructure,andthefurthertransformationandpromotionofhouseholdconsumptionpatterns,farmingactivitiesandthesupp,therelationsbetweensupplyanddemandofagriculturalproductswillexertgreaterandmoredirectimpactuponthestabilityofurbanandruralresidents’iculturalproducts,thispaperwillraiserelatedpolicyoptionsfort,theams,theupsurgeoftheproductioncostsofmajoragriculturalproductsduringearly1990ssloweddowninthemid-andlaterperiodandatsomepoint,,,from2003to2010theupwardtrendsof(15mumakeonehectare),%.%%.%.%%.%%%.Amongthefoodcrops,%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.Theaverageannualgrowthoflandcostswasupby14%.%%.%.Amongthesecosts,thematerialandservicecostsgrewatanaverageannualgrowthof8%%%.%%%.Thelandcostgrewatanaverageannualrateof13%%%.%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.%%%.%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.%%%.%%%.Incontrasttothesituationoffoodcrops,therisingcostsandcoststructurec%.Amongthesecosts,%%%.Thelaborcostgrewatanaverageannualrateof13%%%.%%%.Theaveragetotalcostsofproductionoftwooil-bearingcrops(peanutandrapeseed)%.Amongthesecosts,%anditsshareintotalcostsdroppedfrom42%%.%%%.%%%.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以Figure4:GrowthofIndustrialValueAddedofVariousRegionsduringJanuary-August2012Whatmeritsattentionisthat,despitetherapidgrowthinChinaswesternregion,thetotalprofitsearnedbyenterprisesinman,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesinChinaswesternregion,thetotalamountofindustrialprofitsearnedby8regionsdecreasedascomparedwiththesameperiodoflastyear,and5oftheregionssawthedecreaseinexcessof20%,andprofitsearnedbyenterprisesinZhejiangineasternChinaandthoseinHainandroppedby20%,thingswerebetterwithChinascentralregion,where5ofthe6provincesmaintainedapositivegrowth,%,allyandtheexport-drivenenterprisesfacethemostdifficulttimeinproductionandoperationInviewoftheultimatedemandimpact,growthofbusinessincomeandprofitsofinvestment-andexport-drivenindustr,salesin%fromJanuarytoAugust,%inthesameperiodoflastyear,,amongothers,suchasnon-metallicmineralproducts(buildingmaterials),smeltingofferrousmetals(ironandsteel),manufacturingofothertransportationandcommunicationequipmentandwastematerials,decreasedbynearly20%orhigheryearonyear,andtheprofitsofexport-drivenchemicalrawmat%%,%,whilesuchratiosofexport-drivenenterprises,exceptforthoseinvolvedinthemanufacturingofinstrumentsandmeters,,theprofitratiosofthech%%respectively,andsuchratiosofotherenterprisesinvolvedintextile,furniture,stationery%-%,showinganoperatingpredicamentonthewhole.、龍8苹果手机最新版本用户至上新百胜下载app送彩金ByShenHengchao,ResearchTeamon"StrategicMajorResearchonBuildingHefeiintoanInnovativeTrialCity",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearch(DRC)ResearchReportNo69,2011Technology-basedsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesarethemostactiveysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,suchasriskinvestment,privatesharesandcorporatebonds,zedenterprises(hereinafterreferredtoassmallandmedium-sizedenterprises).Inrecentyears,localgovernmentshavemadepositiveexplorationultforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestogainaccesstofinancinganditismoredifficultfortheseenterprises,whichhavejustbeenestablishedandareseekingtheirowngrowth,,theseenterprisesusuallygainfinancingbyissuingcorporatebonds,,apartformtheaforesaidwaysforraisingfunds,theycanalsogetfinancedwithloansfromcommercialbanks,,channelsforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoraisefundsinChinaarefewandfarbetween:OTCtradingmarketthatissuitedforprivatesharesandcorporatebondshasnotyetgrownup;thesizeoftheriskinvestmentissmallandsuchinvestmentisboundupinenterprisesonlargeinvestmentscale;privatesectorborrowinghasbeenlongconductedunderground;commercialbanksarequiteprudentwithsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesshortofcollaterals;thethresholdishighforissuingcorporatebonds,publiclistingandissuingcorporatebondsopenly;:Firstistocollectthefundsonthestockmarket;thesecondistostrivetoacquireriskinvestment.(1)Themulti-leveledstockmarketsuitedforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestoobtainfinancehasnotyetgrownupIndevelopedcountries,thenationalpubliclistingmarketsatthehighestlevelandthereiveuptotherequirementsforpubliclisting,,naSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandthesharesshouldbetradedinShenzhenandShanghai;sharesofnon-listingpubliccompanies,ifwithdrawnfromthemarket,shouldbetradedundertheagencysharetransfersystem(OldSanBan)atnon-listingcompaniesandthenewlyissuedsharesshouldbetradedontheOTCtradingmarketinTianjin,withthelatterbeingunderconstruction;sharesissuedbynon-publiccompaniesthroughprivatecollectionarecurrentlybeingtradedundertheagencysharetransfersystem(NewSanBan)inZhongguancunandatTianjinEquityExchangeandChinaHi-techPropertyExchange(CHTPE),vateshares,yetprivateshareshavenotbecomeaneffectivemeansoffinancingduetotheimpededtradingchannels.(2)Thesizeofriskinvestmentissmallandsuchinvestmentisboundupingrown-upenterprisesAsanimportantchanneloffinancingforindependentinnovation,,duetotheimpedimentofthewithdrawalchannels,theheavyburdenoftaxationandtheimperfectionofthesystemsrelatingtoprivatelyofferedfunds,thesizeoftheriskinvestmenttendstobesmallandisboundupingrown-upenterprises,makingitdifficulttomeetthedemandofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,thatin2009556briskrisk:Thefirstistogetfinanceddirectlyonthebondmarket;thesecondistogetloansthroughfinancialintermediaries.(1)Issueofenterprisebondsandpublicissueofcorporatebondshavelittletodowithsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesIndevelopedcountries,aregistrationsystemiscarriedoutfortrprises,,therehavebeenenterprisebondsiseBondspromulgatedin1993,beingexaminedandapprovedbyNationalDevelopmentandReformCommission,andwithenforcementthroughmandatoryadministrativeorder,yuanandthatofthelimitedliabilitycompaniesshallequalnolessthan60millionyuan,,theOT,smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesareunabletodothefinancingbyprivatelyofferingcorporatebonds.LiuShijinYuBinLiJianweiZhahemain,advancingthereadjustmentoftheeconomicstruonomicgrowthandemployment,thepressureonthe,fiscalandmonetarypoliciesfor2011shouldbeaimedatgraduallyrealizingtheirstabletransitionfromthefightagainstthecrisistotherolesplayedasregularpolicies,inmakingsubstantialprogressinthereadjymentThroughmorethan30yearsofsustainableandrapiddevelopment,the"primaryaspects",thechangefromexcessdependenceonexportandinvestmenttohigherdependenceonconsumptiongrowthandfromthedependenceonfastexpansionofthemanufacturingindustrytohigherdependenceonthegrowthoftheservicesectorwillinevitablyproduceimpactonthepaceoftheeconomicgro,inrecentyearstheurbanemploymenthasincreasedanannualaverageofapproximately4%,withthenumberofnewly-increasedjobsbeingequivalenttothatoffreshurbanandrurallaborsuppliesonthewhole,doptimizingtheeconomicstructureandimprovingthequalityoftheeconomicgrowthwhilemaintainingthegrowthatanecessaryspeedandshouldbeaimedatenergeticallyrespondingtonewcircumstancesandissuesarisingfromtheslowdownofthegrowthandthecontinuousriseofthelaborcostandmakheReadjustmentoftheEconomicStructureThedistortionofthepricesofresourcesandproductionfactorshasfailedtofullyreflectthescarcityandthemarketsupply-demandsituation,becomingaseriousobstacleagainstthereadjstrates,,thedepositratesinrealtermsarenegative,theinterestmarginbetweendepositsandloansisbiganditisformostpa,wecanconsiderraisingthedepositratesmoderatelyandshouldactivelyfacilitatetheformationofthemarke,onthebasisoffurtherstrengtheningthedifferentiatedexportrebatesandtariffs,wecanwidenthefluctuationofRMBexchangeratesproperlyandgivemoreplaytotherolesoftheexchangeratesinoptimizing,improvethepricingmechanismofnaturalgasandoilprontoExpandConsumptionBoostingthereformofthenationalincomedistributionsystemandincreasingthe:conscientiouslycarryingouttheLaborContractLaw,earnestlysafeguardingworkerslegitimaterightsandinterestsandreasonablyincreasingtheminimumwages;expeditingthetransferoflandinruralareas,facilitatingtheinnovationontransferandsubstitutionofhousesitesandenablingfarmerstoreasonablyshareearningsfromappreciationoflandvalue;activelyadvancingtheexperimentationoflevyingbuildingtaxesandintensifyingtheeffortsinadjustingthetaxesonpropertystockamonghigh-incomegroups;increasingtheratioofgovernmentexpenditureonpublicservicesandontransferpaymentforpeopleswell-beingtoaggregategovernmentexpenditureandfocusingmoreofthegovernmentspendingonofferingpublicproductsnandEmissionReductionDuringthe11thFive-yearPlanperiod,greatachievementshavebeenmadeinenergyconservationandemissionreductionandthemechanismfacilitatingtheenergyconservationandemissionreductionhasinitiallytakenshape,emissionreductionarestillhighlydependentonadministrativemanagementandthatdrawingonadministrativeorderandthesweepingapproachtocontrolenergyconsumptionhasgeneratedsomenegativeeffect,whichishardtocontinueandiseasyt,onthebasisofthemarketandaccordingtothedifferencesinresources,industrialstructuresanddevelopmentstagesofvariousregions,distributetargetsinafairerandmorereasonableway,activelyexploremechanismsconducivetorealizingthestructuraloptimization,technologicalprogressandgradualreductionofresourceconsumptionandpollutantdischargeandconstantlyconsolidateandenhancetheollowedbydifferentindustriesofvariouscountriesandgraduallysetuptheenergyconsumptionandemissionreductionrulesandregulationsforalltradesandprofessionstoputapremiumontheadvancedandweedoutthebackward;weshouldrelylessonadministrativemeasuresandshouldtakevictsWeshouldreasonablydividethepowerofexaminationandapprovalbetweenthecentralgovernmentandthelocalgovernmentsandlayemphasisongivingpdontheexaminationandverificationofthequalificationsforenvironmentalprotection,energyconsumption,safetyandqualitystandardandthetwo-waysupervision(Theprojectnotcominguptostandard,thegovernmentwillsupervisetheproject;theprojectcominguptostandardyetnotbeingapproved,theenterprisewillsupervisethegovernment)yproceedingfromthecapacitysizetobringtheconstructionofnewprojectsundercontrolwillsuppressthrdofinvestmentprojects....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo1,2012Chinabeganruraltaxreformin2000,,,,designedtofundamentallyrectifyrampanttaxesandadministrativechargesinruralareasandalleviatefarmersburden,promptedpublicfinancetofullycoveragriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,triggeredamajorreformofruralsocialundertakingsandpublicservicesupplymechanisms,becameabreakthroughpointforreformingthedualsystemthathadseparatedurbanandruralareas,andushereders,farmers,allsortsofunreasonablefundraising,levie,unreasonablefundraisings,leviesandadministrativechargeswereregardedbyfarmersas"bottomlesspits"asthesetaxesa,therelativetaxandfeeburdenvariedwidelybeces,farmerswithapercapitaannualnetincomeof500yuanorlessthan1,%%useofexcessivelyhighfarmers,thissystemenabledthegovernmenttoexcessivelycollectruralsurplusfu,thissystemprovidedtoolittlebasicpublicproductsandse,ruralpublicproductsweremainlyprovidedbygrass-rootsgovernmentsandcollectiveorganizationsorbyfarmerswiththeirownraisedfunds,edandthefiscalresour,thegovernmentsbelowtheprovinciallevelcontinuedtocentralizetheirfi,andfinallytotownandtownshipgovernments,burdenbecamea"chronicdisease",viciousincidentsarisingfromfarmersburdenincreasedyearafteryearandexcessivelyheavyfarmersburdenbecameamajorproblemthatadedthetaxsystemthatappliedbothtoagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersandtoindustry,commerce,,eitherdevelopedonesinEuropeandAmericaordevelopingonessuchasIndia,agriculture-relatedtaxesareallscatteredinvarioustaxtypes,whichgiveequal,Chinastaxsystemhadremainedadualpattern:,themainpolicygoalwastorectifyrampant,thepolicyguidanceforruraltaxreformwasguidedby"alleviation,standardizationandstabilization".Inotherwords,alladministrativechargeswereabolishedandconsolidatedintounitaryagriculturaltaxandtherateofagriculturaltaxwasgraduallyloweredsoastoalleviatefarmers,whichcomprisedboththecommodsengagedinagriculture,,ithaddegradedintoafixedlandtax,ormoreaccurately,,therateofagriculturaltaxwassetatnomorethan7%ofthetotallandoutputinanormalyearandtherateofsurchargewassetatnomorethan20%,%,actuallyimplementedinmostplaces,wasundulyhighandbeyondtheenduranceoffarmerswhencomparedwiththeagriculturaltaxinChina%taxpaymentnearlyextortedallsurplusofgra,thedualtaxsystemrespectivelyforurbanandruralareasisaninstitutionalarrangementtoexploitagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinordertosupportcities,,theseexcessivelyheavyfarmersburdencouldbefundamentallysolvedonlywhenalltaxesexclusivelytargetedonfarmerswereabolished,whenthethousand-year-long"imperialgraintax"wasbroughttoanend,whenfarmersreceivedequaltaxtreatment,,ruraltaxreformsoonenteredintoastageofgraduallyreduche2ndSessionofthe10thNationalPeoplesCongress,heannouncedforthefirsttime,atotalof28provinces,autonomousregionsandprovincial,thestatedidnotimmediatelyintroducepersonalincomet,Chinabasicallyunifiedthetaxstatusofagricultureandfarmerswiththatofotherindustriesandsocialgroups,andfundamentallyremovedtaxsy,,,Chinashouldlessenagriculture-relatedtaxburdenforaconsiderabletimetocomewithintheframeworkofaunifiedurban-ruraltaxsystem.、DVORByLongGuoqiang,ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCInternationalTradeNo1,,withdeepeningeconomicglobalizationandwidelyappliedinformationtechnology(IT),serviceshave,includingficit,revealingthatChinaativeadvantages,itisofmajorimportanceforChinatoconstantlypromoteitsinternationalcompetitivenessintermsoftradeinservicesforitsforeigntraderestructuring,whichhasagreatstrategicsignificanceforchangingChina,developingtradeinservicesisnecessaryforboostingChinaestimporterofgoods,inglobalizationitsti,basicfactorsthathaveaneffectonthecountryscomparativeadvantagesarechanginginaprofoundmanner,wagestoordinaryworkersarerisingfastandtheinternationalcompetitivenessoflabor-intensiveproductsisweakening,butthequalityoflaborhasimprovedremarkably,workersyearsofeducationhaveincreasedgreatly,andthenumberofuniversitygraduateshasswelledrapidly–,ontheonehand,givefullplaytoChinasadvantageinhumanresources,,theaveragepayoftheserviceexportsectoris22%alcompetitivenessofChina,buttheoverallstrengthofindustrychains,thatdeterminestheinternationalcompetitivenessofacountry,wecaneffectivelyimprovetheoverallcompetitivenessofChinasmore,developingtradeinservicescanextendthevaluechainbywhichChinaparticipatesintheinternationaldivisionoflabor,andelevateChinaoftheglobalvaluechainofproduction,andextendingtowardsbothendsofthe“smilecurve”–RDservicesandprofessionalservices,twosectorsofhighvalueadded–representsthedi,developingtradeinserviceshelpsimproveChina,developingtradeinservicesisaneffectivewaytopromotethedevelopmentofChinael,,booststhetrainingofinternationaltalents,sharpenscompetitioninthedomesticservicemarket,,developinheexcessinternalcontrolthathasledtoinadequateopeningtotheoutsideworld,whileopeningupserviceindustriestotheoutsideworldwillhelpreform,developing,internaldemanddeterminesthelow-levelsupplystructureofserviceindustries,whilemakingfulluseofthemarketsofdevelopedcountrieshelpsachievetheeconomiesofscaleinhigh-endserviceindustries,,developingtradeinservingproblemforChina,,ithelpsoptimizetheindus,itisconducivetoenergyconservationandemissionsreducti,ittorthataffectstheefficiencyofChina,forinstance,logisticstakeuplessthan10%ofGDP,butitsnearly20%inChina–suggestingtosomeextentthelowefficiencyofChina,,thoughatageographicdisadvantageintermsofgoodsexport,arenotgeographicallyconstrainedtodeveloptradeinsomeservices;transactionsinserviceoutsourcingrequireonlyaccesstotheInternet,andprojectcontracting,exportoflaborservice,,weeninlandregionsandcoastalones,butalsobringmorejobsandincometouniversitygraduates,constructionworkers,1,ChinasforeigntradeinservicestotaledUS$,ranking4thintheworld,includingUS$(ranking4thintheworld)andUS$(ranking3rdintheworld).Between2004-2008,China%,,thegrowthrateofChina%in2008to-12%in2009,,%,,%,%.Figure1showsclearlythatChinasserviceexporthaswitnessedviolentfluctuations.ByLiuShijin,Vice-MinisterofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo1,sEnergySupplyMoreInsecureTheextensiveconcernoverunityisasufficient,reliable,multi-channelandaffordablesupplyofoilandnaturalgasandanavailabilityofsuffic,,electricity,nucts,politicalinstabilityinenergy-producingcountriesandsecuritythreatstoenergyfacilities,,itsdependenceratioonforeigncrudeoilhasskyrocketedfrom6%in1993to45%in2006andmorethan50%snaturalgimportedenergy,Chinaisalwaysahighlypassiveacceptorandfindsitdifficulttoaenergysupplysecurity,someofthembeingimpossiblewhenChinawasclosedtotheoutsideworld.--ilandotherenergyproductsandrefusestoincreasesupplybytakingadvantageofitsopeningup,--,globalenergysupplyoffersamuchwideranddiversifiedspaceintermsofregions,sourcesandvarieties.--Commoninterestswi,somecountriesmayverywellcauseinsecuritytoChinahopeningupinenergyproduction,transport,saleanddemand,thecompetitorswillhavetofaceh,refusingtocooperateconstitutesabasicconditionforbothsidestofeelinsecure.--Promotingtechnologicalexchangeandcooperationinenergysupply,energyconservationandnewproductdevelopmentandencouraginginnovationscanincreaselongandmedium-termenergysecurity.--sworld,theenergyandecon,andenergysecurity,whichisinter-relatedandhighlyexclusive,lengeofenergysecurity,andstayingawa,higherdependenceonforeignenergiesandespeciallyonforeignoilwhenacountryope,ratherthannarrowed,thespacetoensureChinarityhavebeenvisiblyincreased,,China,thedependenceonforeigncrudeoilismorethan60%fortheUnitedStatesand100%,avoidtheunfavorableones,andconsolidatethecornerstoneofChinareitsenergysecurityinthenewsituationofopeningup,Chinamustproceedfromitspracticalconditions,earnestlystudyanddrawoninternationalexperiences,andidentifyseveralstrategicpriorities.--,buttospreaseoilsupplyfromCentralAsia,ghydropower,nu--,Chinamaycooperatewithint,,storage,,Chinashouldencouragejoint-,morethanhalfofChina,theinterestsofforeigninvestorsandtheirhomecountrieswillinevitablybeaffected.ByChenJianpengLiZuojun,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesofDRCResearchReportNo168,2012Sincetheturnofthe21stcentury,progresshasbeenmadeinChina,pollutionstillincreasesonthewholecurrentlyinChina,dinlinewiththeinvestigationsandresearchesintothecontrolexercisedbyvariouslocalitiesoverenvironmentalpollution,thisreportreviewsinretrospectsthecontroloverenvironmentalpollutioncarriedoutsincethe21stcenturyand,inthemeantime,itlooksaheadtotheenv(1)ThegrowthoftotalCODdischargedhasbeenbasicallyheldincheckDuring2001~2010,thetotalamountofchemicaloxygendemand(COD)dischargedfromwastewaternationwideshowedadownwardtrendonthewhole,,CODdischargedfromindustrialchemicalsdecreased,;,,CODdischargedfromwastewaternationwideincreasedinsteadofdecreasing,,thetotalamountofCODdischargedrespectivelyfromwastewater,industri,%over2005,outperformingtheoverallemissionreductiontasksetinthe11thFive-YearPlan3.。

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