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    龙八app下载【krolicks.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。垦利陶佣电子科技有限公司(原天门诜僮广告传媒有限公司)成立于1994年,占地面积39458平方米,OPE体育亚洲真人网其中生产厂房占地4999平方米,仓库面积占地7718平方米。固定资产3339万元,流动资产7204万元,干部职工共033人,工程技术人员77人。龙八app下载WangMengkuiChinahasenteredanewdevelopmentphaseattheturnofthe21stcentury,whichinvolvesthetransitionfromtherealizationaswellconnectedthethirdstepwiththesecondstep,andhasusheredinanewstartforthethird-stepstrategicindifferentphases,,somepeoplema,ithasnowbeenwidelyrealizedthatwehavetrulyenteredanewdevelopmentphaseandmanyprob,someissueshavecollectivelycometothesurfacesuchastherestrictionsofresourcesandenvironment,theunevennessindevelopment,andproblemsrelatedtosocialtransformationaswellasnewissuesinthedomesticsystemandexternalenvironment,whereastheydidnotemergeoroccuraspressingissuestobeaddressedintheprevio:IsChinasdevelopmentsustainableWillChinabeabletosolvethenumerousproblemsandcontradictionsintheprocessofindustrializationandurbanizationandtosuccessfullyrealizemodernizationTheBritish"FinancialTimes"carriedanarticleentitled"ChineseEconomy:RobustinTrend,butHardtoSustain"whichrepresentstheviewsofmanypeopleintheworld,ssustainabledevelopmentrnandoptimizingstructureThedevelossustsresourceconsumptionandpollutantdischargeperunitGDPhavebeendecliningwhileeconomicbenefitskeeprisingoverthepast30yearssinceChinayinclude:Firstly,,large-scaleurbanandruralconstructionhasbeenstaged,andthefocusofconsumpt,theeconomysextensivyanddemand,theglobalresourcesupplysystemmainlyservesthed,,,ion,tioninthede,industrializationandurbanizationneedtobefurtherpropelled,whichwillresultinthecontinuedincreaseoftotalpollutantdischarge;ontheotherhand,improvingenvironmentisindispensableforimprovinglifequalityinthenewphase,whichisasimportantasmeetingtheneedsforclothing,food,,asevidencedintheincreasingnewtradeba,andenvironmentalprotectionbecomesaresponsibilitywhichisnolongerasoftrestraint,,,,b,normallaborersincertainregionsarealsoinshortsupply,,Chinas"populationbonus"improvementofeconomicbenefitsinruralareas,orbeastructuralproblem,orevenshsrelativeadvantageinlowlandandlaborcostwilllastforsometime,butthegradualdecreaseoftheadvantageisinevitable,tforalongtime,andtheproblemisespecially,andalsoindicatesthattheeconomyhasnotwelldevelopedyet,evelopment;rather,,butthedifficultyha,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.*Pleaserefertothereportentitled"ToBuildaWell-offSocietyinChinainanAll-roundWay:TheStartingPoint,GoalandProspects"byWangMengkuiforChinaDevelopmentForum2003.ZhangLipingInordertoadapttothescenarioafterentryintotheWTO,Chinahaslaunchedin2001theInternationalMarketDevelopmentFundforSmallandMedium-sizedEnterprises(SMEs)(hereinafterreferredtoas"IMDF"),SMEswithanannualexportvolumelessthanUSD15millionc,IMDFhadmaderemarkableachievementsinenablingSMEstogetaccesstointernationalmarketthroughvariouslinkssuchasoverseasexhibition,internationalcertification,overseasmarketpublicity,developmentofnewlyemergingmarket,training,%1inthepastfiveyears,morethantwotimesthatofthewholeSMEsatthesameperiod(%)andmuchhigherthanChinasaverageannualexportgrowthrate(30%).Itisnecessarytoevaluateensivejudgmentonthefollowingimportantissues:whetherIMDFisoperatedaccordingtodesignatedtargets,whataretherolesofIMDF,howmuchitcancontributetoexport,whataretheproblemsintheoperation,,MethodsandContentsoftheEvaluationObjectivity:Theprojectteamhasanalyzeddataandmaterialscollectedbycompetentdepartments,reviewedrelevantissuesbymeansofquestionnairesurvey,discussionsandvisitingenterprises,,questionnairesweresenttoenterprisesandtocompetentdepartmentsrespectivelythroughthewebsiteofIMDF,andreturnedthroughwebsiteorviadepartmentsofcommerceatvariouslevels,,541and12,132questionnaireshave,6,656werefromthoseenterprisesthathavenotreceivedanyfundsupportand5,(5,000)andofSMEs(46,000)registeredonline,%%edordeliveredvalidanswerstoeachquestion2,onlythosevalidanswerswereanalyzedinspecificquestions,:Theteammembershund,thoseenterprisesthath:Thisevaluationtriestosummarizetheachievementsandproblemsinthepast,sIMDF,,thefundvolumeisgettinglargerthoughremainssmallasawhole;secondly,thenumberofcompetentdepartmentshasbeenincreasinggradually,andrelatedpoliciesandadministrationshavebeenimprovedcontinuously;thirdly,:targetfulfillment,evaluatewhetherthegrantofIMDFconformstotheobjectivesandprinciplesoftheMeasuresforAdministrationofInternationalMarketDevelopmentFundofSME(fortrialimplementation)(hereinafterreferredtoastheAdministrationMeasures),andusethedatacollectedthroughquestionnairesurveystoevaluateIMDFpoliciesandtheirimplementationaswellasthefund,amathemlmarketInthepastfiveyears,thefundhasassistedSMEstogetaccesstointernationalmarketinrespectofsixcategoriesand19sub-categories(SeetheTablebelowfordetailedinformation).TheseitemsarethepivotallinksforSMEstocarryoutinternationalbusinessandareconvenientforimplementation,"guides",eventhoseenterpri。

    ByGaoShijiZhangYongwei,Departm,portfortheLeadingIndustriesthatCanPlay"DoubleStimulation"RolesAtatimewhenChinaseconomyisshowingadownturn,wemustintensifyalltypesofinvestmentstostabilizetheeconomyandidentifynewareasofeconomicgrow,nowunderthedualpressurefromreducedexternaldemandandrisingdomesticcost,,theseindustriescanhardlyassumethe"doublestimulation"responsibilityofstim"doublestimulation"goal,,,,they,theymustrelativelyadequateconditionsforindustrialdevelopmennthisroundofeconomicgrowthstimulation,weshallbeinapositiontocombinetheshort-termtargetsofeconomicgrowthwiththelong-termstructuralandtechnologicalupgradingandacce"DoubleStimulation"RolesChinaselectronicinformationindustry,withahugescaleandalongdomesticindustrialchain,hasmetthedemandofthepreviousroun,whileChinaselectronicinformationindustryisstillrelativelyweakatthekeylinksoftheindustrialchainandtheaddedvalueofitsproductsisnothigh,ithasasoundindusteglobalinformationindustry,itsownelectronicinformationindustrywillb,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryislargeinscalebutitsoveraludescomputers,communications,consumerelectronicsando,China%ofthecountry%ofthecountrysGDP,%ofthecountry,Chinastelevisionpossessionexceeded470millionsets,itsmobilephoneusersexceeded620millionpeople,itsfixedphoneusersexceeded350millionpeople,itsIntslargesttelevisionnetwork,thefixedcommunicationsnetworkandthemobilecommunicationsnetwork,andrankedfirstintheworldintermsof10end-productsincludingmobilephones,notebookcomputers,colortelevisionsets,digitalprogram-controlledswitchboardsanddigitalcamerasandintermsoftheproductionofcolorpicturetubes,capacities,resistors,printedcircuits,,,selectronicinfor,over80%ofthents,thehigh-endgeneralchipsandtheoperatingsystemsandinthefieldofsuper-largeintegratedcircuitmanufacturingequipmentandcompletetechnologies,Chinahasfailedtomaketechnologicalbreakthroughsformanyyearsandthereforehasbeselectronicinformationindustryhasalongindustrialchain,,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryhasrelativelygoodindustrialandtechnologicalbasisinthefieldofsomesystemproductsandisfacingamajorhistoricopportunitytomakeuiseseitherinthefieldofproducingandmakingcommunicationsequipment,consumerelectronics,computersandotherproductsorinthefieldofcommunicationsoperation,,inparticular,Chinastechnologicalcapacitiesareris/high-resolutiontelevisionearthstandardtechnologyindependentlydevelopedbyChinaisadvancedintheworld,andChinahasacompleteindustrialchainfromchipdes/high-resolutiontelevisionstandardsheldinSouthAmericain2008,comparedwiththeevaluationsgiventoEurope,theUnitedStatesandJapan,manyofChinasstan,the3Gsystemtechnology,TD-SCDMA,independentlydevelopedbyC,Chinascommunicationsequipmententerpriseshavebecomethsmobilephonetelevisionstandardsaregloballyadvancedint,Chinahasbuilttheworldslargestsecond-generationInternetconnectingover30citiesandhavingover1millionusers,ssuccessfuldevelopmentofthe"dragonchip"productsindicatesthatthecountryhasmadealeapfrogdevelopmentinthefieldofgenericCPUs,whichhavebeenpreli,Chinacanbecomeatechnologicalleaderandexporterinth,theelectronicinformationindustrycanra,theelectronicinformationindustryisfacinganewdevelopmentopportunityofdigital,mobile,y17,2009,andotherdevelopedcountrieswillalsocompletel,,theywillbringabouthugeinvestmentandstimulateconsumption....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.TaskForceonAnalysisofChinasEconomyintheFirstHalfof2009andProspectsforEconomicPerformanceintheLatterHalfoftheYearThepackageeconomicstimulusprogramformulatedbytheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCouncilhasachievedremarkablesuccessinstabilizingth,however,hasnotbeensolidandmoreattentionshouldbegiventosuchprobinthemid-and-longrun,weneedtoenhancethesustainabilityanackageeconomicstimulusprogramoftheCPCCentralCommitteeandtheStateCounciltakingeffectgradually,remarkablesucivefactorsaftertheSinceNovember2008,inaccordancewiththerequirementthatweactfast,beforceful,taketargetedmeasuresandstressimplementation,thegovernmen,theCentralGovernmenthasarrangedaninvestmentof908billionyuan,,moretha,therateofdisbursementofthefundsinfullexceeded64%andtherateofdisbursementoftheinvestmentfundsbudgetedbytheCentralGovernmentreached94%.Increaseofinvestmentinbringingsupportandbenefittofarmersandinimprovingpeopleslivelihoodandaseriesofmovesaimedatpromotingemploymentandrevitalizingtheindustrieshavecre,thebroadmoneysupplygrewby25%,beingnearly,tandeffectivelyexpandedChinasdomesticdemandandalleviatedthes,theglobaleconomiccrisisandeconomicregulationwillaffecttheemploymentandincomeexpectationsoftheres,sincethebeginningofthisyear,theactu,thea%and10%respectively,,thetotalretailsalesofsocialconsumergoodsroseby15%andwereabout2percentagepointshigher,thechangeoftheshort-termincomewillhavelessinfluenceonhouseholdconsumptionandthatsolongasthepolicyisproperlyadjusted,therinvestmentisadesirableobjectivetobeachievedbythegovernmentthroughincreaseofinvestme,notonlydidtheinvestmentmadebythestateandstate-holdingenterprisesgrowfast,buttheinvestmentmadebyotherenterprises,includingcollectively-owned,self-employedandprivately-operatedenterprises,%.Thehallmarkfactisthatsalesofrealestateandautomobiles,twomajorleadingindustries,havegrownatanacceleratedpace,,%,yearonyear,%ntspeededupmonthbymonthfrom1%duringJanuaryandFebruaryto12%,,respectively,up11%and14%,,thenumberofmanufacturedandsoldautomobilesgrewby29%and24%sexportcommoditiesFromJanuarytoMay,China,afterallowingforpricerises,,theimportandexportcargohandlingcapacityofChina%,,themarketshareoccupiedbyChinasexportcomm,theproportionofChina%,,andtheproportionofChina%ofallJapansimports,,theproportionofChina%,,themomentumoftheChinescentagepointshigherthanthatinthefirstquarterandtheaccumulativegrowthratewillbeslightlyhigherthan7%inthefirsthalfoftheyear.10-200米ByWangMengkui,MinisteroftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilThekeynoteofChina’ssocialandeconomicpoliciesatpresentandduringtheentireperiodofmodernizationdriverestsonscientificdevelopmenta,Chinahaswitnessedmajorprogressineconomicdevelopment,,peoplehavebecomemoreandmoreconcernedaboutthedazzlingcontradictionsinChina’:First,,thematerial,withtheexpansionofeconomicscale,thedemandforenergy,water,,therestrictionofres,China’,everypartofthecountryhasmadegreateconomicprogressandpeople’,,,,thedevelopmentofsocialsecurity,healthse,,Chinahasmaintainedsocialstabilityduringitseconomicprogressandsocialtransfor,Chinawitnessessocialstratificationandwideningincomegap,,dissolvesocialcontradictionsandpushforwardmoderdedapproachtowardproblems,deviati,thesecontradictionsandproblemscomefromthetransformationoftheeconomicsystemandgrowthmode,fromtherapiddevelopmentofindustrializationandurbanizationandfromtheevolutionfromanurban-ruraldualisticeconomicstructuretoamodernsocialandeconomicstructure,bearingobviousfeaturesinChina’mentstateafewyearsback,’s,withalargepopulationofmorethan1billionandadistincthistoricalandculturaltradition,,evelopment,Chinahasraisedtwostrategicideas:theimplementationofscientificoutlookondevelopmencialharmonywereneglectedinthepast,but,theChineseGovernmenthasadoptedseveralsignificantpolicymeasures,includingthenewlypassed11thFive-YearPlan(2006-2010)bytheNationalPeople’sCongress,,China’spolicywillfollowfivedevelopmenttrends:First,,,%,energyconsumptionperunitofGDPshouldbereducedby20percent,,Chinawillfacethecontradict,industrializationandurbanizationarebeingpushedforwardandtheconstructi,includingencouragingtechnologicalprogress,optimizingtheindustrialstructure,perfectinglegislationandpolicymaking,Chinawillpaymoreattentiontothecoordinateddeveboostingnationaleconomicstrengthandgivefreereintotheimportantroleplayedbyindustrializationandurbanizationforthepromotionofrura,theexpansionofthedevelopmentgapamongtheeastern,centralandwesternregionshassloweddown,thankstomorenationalinputineconomicallybackwardareas,afasterspeedforinfrastructureconstructionandecsupportthecountryside,abolishedagricultsing,andthefocuandurbanareasinasho,thepolicyoffocusingonsupportingunderdevelopedareasandprosperingruralareaswillbebeneficialinrestrainingawideninggapandformingacomparativecoordinateddevelopmentpatterninunbalanceddevelopment.。

    易发下载安卓ByZhuDantao,,2006Asruralfinancehasbeenplayingakeyroleinpromotingbankdeposits,allocatingfundsanddiversifyingrisks,ithasarousedgreatc,anyreformonruralfinancemustbebasedonadeepunderstandingofitscharacteristics,udymorecomprehensive,tmentofRuralEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenterofStateCouncil(HereinafterreferredtoasDRCSurvey)in2005,whichcovered29provinces(municipalitiesorautonomousregions).Atotalof1962validquestionnairesonpeasanthouseholdswerereceived,plusanother133onvillagesand206onsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)nSichuanProvinceduring2003-2004(HereinafterreferredtoasSichuanSurvey).Thesurveywasconductedinfourcountiesfromfourareas(withonecountyfromonearea):plainarea,hillyarea,mountainareaneartheSichuanBasinandtheareainhabitedbyethnicgroups,sity(CAU)andtheAsianDevelopmentBank(ADB)inTongrenofGuizhouProvince(HereinafterreferredtoasTongrenSurvey)duringJuly2005,,complementingandverifyingeachother,whichhelpstogiveusacomprerallyspeaking,asaresultofdifferentproductionandorganizationmodeintheruraleconomy,thefina,socialtransitionsandculturaltrrcredits,savings,insuranceandotherfinancialservices,(1)LowyieldsandhighrisksAsChinasagriculturalproductionischaracterizedbysmallscale,lowtechnologyandpoormarketaccessibility,theeconomicreturnonitisgenerallylowerthanonotherindust,agriculturalcreditbearshighermarketrisksasagriculturalproducthaslesssupplyelasticityandagriculturalproduction,agriculturalcredithastobearnaturalrisksthatarecausedbyagriculturesesdifferentrequirementstoruralfinancialinstitutionsintermsoftheircommercialization,marketizationandorganizationsintheruralfinancialmarket.(2)SeasonalityandtimelinessThewidespreaduseofmodernscienceandtechnologyhasnotchangetheseasonalityofagriculturalproduction,whichresultsintheseasonalityofagriculturalloandemandf,theTongrenSurveyshowsthatamongatotalof433loansfrom2002totheendofJune2005,%%.Whenaskedaboutthedesiredloanterm,%%chooseabove1year,whichindicates,,,consideringnaturalandmarketrisksofagriculturalbusinesswhichleadtotheuncertaintyofproductionandsales,,pressingandhaphazardry,(3)SmallloansThelandco,sm,,the,899loans,witheachloanaveragingRMB8,244yuan,andloanslessthanRMB5,%,mostlysmallloans,wereextendedtothesurveyedruralenterprisesduring2001~2004,%sesarehuge,tions.(4)LackoftraditionalpledgeThereisanacuteshortageofpledgesinrur,exceptforthelanduserightofcollective-ownedwastelandthatfarmershavecontracted(provided,however,thatthepriorconsentofthecontract-awardingpartyissecured),orthelanduserightofcollectively-ownedlandthatisoccupiedbypledgedbuildings,shouseisabasicnecessityofhislifeandcannotbemortgagedinrealsenseand,whatismore,thelandhishouseoccupiescannotbemortgagedeither,sproductivepropertiescanhardlybesoldinthemarket,,%itproductsthatdonotneedtraditionalpledgesandtoexpandthescopeofacceptablepledges....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Globalexpansionhasenhancesstudyshowsthat,duetotheeconomiesofscaleandthesynergyeffect,thesuccessfulmergersandacquisitionsamongpharmaceuticalenterprisescansaveabout15%~25%oftheresearchanddevelopmentcosts,5%~20%ofproductioncosts,15%~50%ofmarketingcostsand20%~50%ofadministrationcostsfortheenterprises(TheMcKinseyQuarterly(VI),EconomicSciencePress,1998.).Globalexpansionhasalsoincreasedtheglobalmarketaccessionbyasmallnumberofkeyphar,thesalesvolumeofsomedozenkindsofkeypharmaceuticalshasaccountedforabout30%oftheglobalpharmaceuticalsalesvolume,ofwhichthetoptenkindsofpharmaceuticalshavemadeupabout10%sdomesticpharmaceuticalenterpriseshasgenerallyshownafastincreaseovernearly30yearsfromover800inthebeg,thevastmajorityofpharmaceuticalenterprisesaresmallinscalewithlimitedeconomicscale,andthewholepharmaceuticalindustryislessthanRMB300,000yuan,stoptenpharmaceuticalenterprisesonlyaccountfor10%orsoofthesalesincomesofallpharmaceuticalenterprises,beingmthesalesvolumeofPfizeralone.(2)TheUnitedStates,EuropeandJapandominatethepharmaceuticalinnovationandChina"newchemicalentities(NCEs)",theinternationallyrecognizednewpharmaceuticalstandard(NCEsrefertothematerialsthathavenotbeenratifiedbythepharmaceutapprovedormarketedbymajorindustrializedcountries.),themajorityofnewchemicalentit,during1986~2005,,therewere327inEurope,287intheUnitedStatesand109inJapan,%ofallnewlydevelopedpharmaceuticalsintheworld;Chinaandothercountriesandregionsdeveloped36NCEsinall,%.By"proportioninAmericanpatentapplications",theinnovationpotentialindicator,theUnitedStates,inarrearofIndiainrecentyears(Table3).Table2GloballyApprovedNCEsduring1986~2005(Unit:piece)ByHanJun,Director-GeneraloftheResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomy,uldBeaUniversalGuidancefortheWholeCountryBuildinganewsocialistcountrysideisamajorstrategicdecisionmadebythecentralgovernmentinlightoftheoverallconsiderationtoharmonizenditions,theirbasiccon,differentregionsshoulingagriculture,ruralareasandfarmers,andshouldstriveforgreaterprogressinraisingthelevelofagriculturalmodernization,improvingthelivingenvironmentofthevillages,improvinginfrastructureandpubl,ionsnotedforweakindustrialbasisandlotsofurbanproblems,,theoverallleveloftheirruraldevelopmentisfarlowerthanthatinthedevelopedregionsalongtheseacoastandthe,thecentralandwesternunderdevelopedregionsshouldtakethebuildingofanewcountrysideasaworkpriorityoftheirPartycommitteesandgovernmentsatvariouslevelsinac,farmersintheunderdevelopedregionsarestillnotrich,whenpushforwardthebuildingofanewcountryside,localgovernmentsshouldstrictlyobservetherelevantstatepoliciesonpreventingfromincreasingthefarmers’burdens,preventi,theyshouldplaceemphasisonthemostelementaryissuessuchasimprovingthebasiclivingconditionsofthefarmers,diversifyingthechannelstoincreasetheincomeofthefarmers,,pushingforwardthebuildingof,thestatewillgivenecessarysupporconstesConcerningAgriculture,RuralAreasandFarmersorBecomeaCompletelyNewEndeavorDuringtheEleventhFive-YearPlanperiod,Chinamademajorbreakthroughsinimprovingitspoliciesconcerningagriculture,,theimportanceoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmerstotheoverallmodernizationdrivewasclearlydefined,citingapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralarea,majorpolicieswereclearlydefinedforapropersolutionoftheissuesconcerningagriculture,ingagriculture,,thePartyputforwardanimportant"two-trends"notion,whichclearlychartedtheguidingprinciplesfromtheoverallandstrategicperspectivesforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersinthenewperiodandsetthebasictuneforChinatoformamechanisminthenewsituation,thro,aseriesofpolicieswereformulatedtopromotegrainproduction,easethefarmers’burden,promotemigrationofsurplusrurallaborandincreasethefarmers’earPlanindicatedthatunderthecorrectguidanceofthestate’smacropolicies,,,farmers’incomecontinuedtorise,,,SessionoftheSixteenthCPCCentralCommitteeisacontinuationoftheguidingprinciplesofsolvingthedualisticstructuralcontradictionbetweentheurbanandruralareasandemphasizingabalancedurban-ruraldevelopmentfor,buildinganewcountrysideshouldnotbedivorcedfromtheexistingpoliciesdesignedtosolvetheissuesconcerningagriculture,,,itisnecessarytoearnestlyimplementtheParty’spoliciesoncountryside,stabilizeandconstantlyimprovethebasicoperatingsystemsintheruralareas,givetopprioritytothedevelopmentofruralproductivity,intensifysupporttoagricultureandtheruralareresentsahigherandclearerdemandforsolvingtheissuesconcerningagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersandalsoanewdevelopmentopportunityforagricultureandfarmers.龙八app下载重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,,businessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesSeparatingandreformingthesecondarybusinessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshasbeenoneofChina,2002,eightministriesandcommissionsincludingtheformerStateEconomicandTradeCommissionjointlyissuedtheImplementationMethodofSeparatingtheCoreandSecondaryBusinesses,ReformingtheSecondaryBusinessesandRelocatingRedundantPersonneloftheLargeandMedium-SizedState-OwnedEnterprises(hereinafterthe859Document).Ifthisdocumentisregardedasthedemarcationline,theprocessofsepara,separatingthecoreandsecondarybusinessesw"efficiencyimprovement".Itemphasizedtheseparationofthecoreandseco,the"freezing"and"isolating"approacheswereusedandthecoreandsecondarybusinesseswerenotreallyseparatedintermsofpersonnel,assets,businessoperation,,thesecondarybusinesseswerenotactuallyseparatedthoughdivided,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprise,theyemphasizedtheliberalizationofthesecondarybusinesses,theseparationofthecoreandsecondarybusinesses,therestructuringecoreandsecondarybusinessesintheareasofownership,finance,centitieswithdiverseformsofownership,andtoestablishamoderncorporatesystemandastandardcorporategovernancestructure,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavemadetangibleprogressinseparatingtheirc,atotalof1,252largeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesnationwidehadseparatedtheircoreandsecondarybusinesses,,76enterprisesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmenthadseentheirreformplansbeingapproved,whichinvolvedtherestructuringof4,879unitsandtherelocationof777,,theeastregionhasbasicallycompletedtheprocessofs,thecentralenterpriseshadhandedover1,528institutionsperformingsocialfunctions,86,000personnelinactiveservice,andretired49,000teachers(SpeechmadebyLiRongrongonJanuary25,2007attheNationalWorkingConferenceontheSupervisionandManagementofState-OwnedAssets).Theseparationandreformofthesecondarybusinessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshaverelocatedlargenumbersofredundantcorporatepersonnel,vigorouslypushedforwardtheinternalrestructuringofthestate-ownedenterpriseusinessesofthestate-ownedenterprises,specializingandmarketizingthesecondarybusinessesandboostingthevitality,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-o,theprogressisalsoattribrybusinessesandreformingthesecondarybusinessesoflargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesOverall,theworkisclosetoanendinseparatingthecoreandsecondarybusinessesandreformingthe,,someenterprisesthathavepreliminarilycompletedtheseparationofthecoreandsecondarybusinessesstillhavetofurtherre,continuedeffortsareneededtovigorouslypushforwardthisworkonth,thetasktoseparateandreformthesecondarybusinessesisstillveryheavyinthemonopolyindustries,suchaspower,oil,railway,tedreforms,thereformofthesecondarybusinesseswithintheenterpriseshavebeco,forexample,thereformin2002hasstrippedoffmost,thetwopowergridenterprisesstillhavemanyunitsengagedinthe"tertiaryindustry"and"diverseoperations",theyalsohavevariousunitsengagedinpowerdesign,,thereformtaskaheadforthisindustryisbothheavyanddifficult,andisoneoftheimporta,theyhavebasicallybeenstr,theChinaNationalOffshoreOilCorporation(CNOOC)hasestablishedsuchspecializedcompaniesastheChinaOffshoreOilCompany,theChinaOffshoreOilfieldServiceCompany,theOffshoreOilEngineeringCompanytheChinaOffshorePetrochemicalCompany,(CNPC)andtheChinaPetroleumandChemicalCorporation(SINOPEC),someenterprisesthathavecompletedtheseparationofthecoreandsecondarybutseparated,ssetsarestillheavilydependentonthelistedcompaniesorjoint-ventureenterprises,whichrestrainsthedevelopmentofthec,somesecondaryratedtheircoreandsecondarybusinesses,theyoftenovationandsustai,italsocontradictswiththecountryrthese"secondaryassets".ByLaiYouwei,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo038,2010Inrecentyears,thegrowthofChinasserviceindustryasawholehasbecomevisiblyfaster,withbothmodesproducerserviceindustrieshRapidEconomicGrowthAsChinawidensitsopeningtotheoutsideworldandgraduallyimprovesitsinfrastructuresandmarketsystems,thecountrysproducerserviceindustrieshavealsodevelopedrapidly,providingastrongsupportforthedevelopmentofmanufacturin,theseindustriesstillrepresentasmall,theaddedvalueofChinastertiaryindustrywas13,134billionyuan,%%alcrisis,modernserviceindustriesandespeciallyproducerserviceindustrieshavemaintainedanexcellentdevelopmentmomentuminspiteofu,serviceeconomyspearheadedbyproducerserviceindustrieshasappearedinBeijing,Shanghai,Guangzhouandothercities,w,%ofBeijingstotaloutputvalue,theproducerserviceindustriesclaimeda60%shareofthetotaladdedvalueofthecityvidesNewGrowthFieldsforChinasEconomicDevelopmentInrecentyears,,publicnotary,legalassistanceandeconomicarbitration;theinvestmentandassetsmanagementservicesincludingprojectplanning,financialconsulting,acquisition,fundandprivatebanking;theeconomicappraisalservicesincludingassetsappraisal,verificationandtest;theconsultingservicesincludingmarketinvestigation,engineeringconsulting,managementconsultingandcreditservice;theproducerserviceindustrieswithgreatdevelopmentpotentialsincludingindustrialdesign,convention,exhibition,Internetinformationservice,e-business,,thevigorousdevelopmentofnewproducerserviceindustrieshasprovidednewgrowthfieldsforChina,theserviceoutsourcingindinscaleSincethebeginningofthenewcentury,software,informationserviceandotherproduce,serviceoutsourcingundertakenb,China%%to410,,citieslikeShanghai,Beijing,DalianandHangzhouallhaveinternationalserviceoutsourcingparks,nothepatter,Chinaonthsof2009,Chinahad3,287newenterprisesengagedinserviceoutsourcing,offeringemploymentto585,,398,000newuniversitygraduateswereemployed,foreignserviceoutsourcingcontractsworthUS$%higheryearonyearweresigned,andcontractsworthUS$%,Chinahad8,060enterprisesengagedinserviceoutsourcing,sserviceoutsourcingindustryhasenormousdevelopmentpotentialsAsChinasserviceoutsourcingindustryisstillinthetake-offstage,,thafreshpushofthecentralandregionalgovernments,Chinasserviceoutsourcingindustrywillcontinuethestrongdevelopmenthatby2013,Chinasinternationalserviceoutsourcingindustrywillgrow43%annuallyonaveragetoUS$30billion,2,000la,sserviceoutsourcingindustryhasscoredrapiddevelopmentdespiteinternationaleconomicdownturn,wemussserviceoutsourcingindustryisstillnotedforweakcorporatestrength,inadequateinnovationcapacity,unsoundpublicservicesystemandlimitedinternationalinfluence.creaseinfoodstuffswillnottriggeroffawidespreadpriceriseThepriorityofmacroeconomicpoliciesfrom2003hasbeenfocusedoncurbingexcessivelyfastgrowthofinvestmentdemandandstimulatingdomesticconsumption,,effortswereinitiatedtocontrolgrowthofexports,especiallyexportofresource-processedproductsandhighlyenergy-consumingandh,~2006,installedgeneratingcapacitygrewby59%,coalby43%,%,crudesteelby91%,andnon-ferrousmetalby56%.Therapidgrowthofrawcoal,generatingcapacity,pigiron,crudesteel,,,withearnesteffortsmadetoimplementthecurrentmacroeconomicpolicies,,astheconsumptiondemanddependsuponresidentincomelevel,incomeexpectationandfamilybudget,,thegradualappreciationofRMBandgrowinglyvisibleroleofpoliciesgoverningexportofresource-processedproductsandhighlyenergy-consumingandhighlyenviupsupplycapability,thesupply-demandaggregaterelationismovingtowardsfundament,whilepricesofproductionmeansfallback,the,priceincreasesonandcirculationofagriculturalproductsProminentproblemsinclude:first,increasedagricu,productionmeansandlandareontherise,pricesofagriculturalproductsareindownturn,constituti,intensifiedfluctuationsinagricusarevulnerabletoattacksfromnaturaldisastersandepidemics,anunsou,fluctuationsininternationalmarketshaveexertedincreasinginfluenceupondomesticagriculturalproductmarketssinceChina,backwardagriculturalpsfromlowspecializationandlowsystematization;theout-of-datelogisticssystemandtrademodesofagriculturalproducts,asymmetricalmarketinformation,unmatchedproductionandmarketingperformancewilljointlystimulateorrestrainproductioninanimproperway,,morelivepigswereraised,,withincreasingrisksofepidemicsanddiseases,thenumberofpigsraisedsawaplungeacrossthecountry,spoliciescanonceagainleadtoexce,thesupply-demandrelationofagriculturalproducralproductmarketsandthesituationinwhich“stapleagriculturalproductsareinfundamentalequilibriumandsurpluscanbeexpectedinabumperharvestyear”ure,mostagriculturalproductsareintightenedsupply-demandrelationandparticularly,soybeansandvegetableoilsareundersupplied,,periodicalfluctuationsofagriculturalproducts(especiallyfoodstuffs)ctsupplyanddemandrelationandincirculationpatternoffoodmarkets,howtoimproveproductionandcirculationpracticesofagriculturalproductsandhowtostabilizefoodprices....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.,businessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesSeparatingandreformingthesecondarybusinessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshasbeenoneofChina,2002,eightministriesandcommissionsincludingtheformerStateEconomicandTradeCommissionjointlyissuedtheImplementationMethodofSeparatingtheCoreandSecondaryBusinesses,ReformingtheSecondaryBusinessesandRelocatingRedundantPersonneloftheLargeandMedium-SizedState-OwnedEnterprises(hereinafterthe859Document).Ifthisdocumentisregardedasthedemarcationline,theprocessofsepara,separatingthecoreandsecondarybusinessesw"efficiencyimprovement".Itemphasizedtheseparationofthecoreandseco,the"freezing"and"isolating"approacheswereusedandthecoreandsecondarybusinesseswerenotreallyseparatedintermsofpersonnel,assets,businessoperation,,thesecondarybusinesseswerenotactuallyseparatedthoughdivided,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprise,theyemphasizedtheliberalizationofthesecondarybusinesses,theseparationofthecoreandsecondarybusinesses,therestructuringecoreandsecondarybusinessesintheareasofownership,finance,centitieswithdiverseformsofownership,andtoestablishamoderncorporatesystemandastandardcorporategovernancestructure,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshavemadetangibleprogressinseparatingtheirc,atotalof1,252largeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesnationwidehadseparatedtheircoreandsecondarybusinesses,,76enterprisesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernmenthadseentheirreformplansbeingapproved,whichinvolvedtherestructuringof4,879unitsandtherelocationof777,,theeastregionhasbasicallycompletedtheprocessofs,thecentralenterpriseshadhandedover1,528institutionsperformingsocialfunctions,86,000personnelinactiveservice,andretired49,000teachers(SpeechmadebyLiRongrongonJanuary25,2007attheNationalWorkingConferenceontheSupervisionandManagementofState-OwnedAssets).Theseparationandreformofthesecondarybusinessesofthelargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterpriseshaverelocatedlargenumbersofredundantcorporatepersonnel,vigorouslypushedforwardtheinternalrestructuringofthestate-ownedenterpriseusinessesofthestate-ownedenterprises,specializingandmarketizingthesecondarybusinessesandboostingthevitality,,thelargeandmedium-sizedstate-o,theprogressisalsoattribrybusinessesandreformingthesecondarybusinessesoflargeandmedium-sizedstate-ownedenterprisesOverall,theworkisclosetoanendinseparatingthecoreandsecondarybusinessesandreformingthe,,someenterprisesthathavepreliminarilycompletedtheseparationofthecoreandsecondarybusinessesstillhavetofurtherre,continuedeffortsareneededtovigorouslypushforwardthisworkonth,thetasktoseparateandreformthesecondarybusinessesisstillveryheavyinthemonopolyindustries,suchaspower,oil,railway,tedreforms,thereformofthesecondarybusinesseswithintheenterpriseshavebeco,forexample,thereformin2002hasstrippedoffmost,thetwopowergridenterprisesstillhavemanyunitsengagedinthe"tertiaryindustry"and"diverseoperations",theyalsohavevariousunitsengagedinpowerdesign,,thereformtaskaheadforthisindustryisbothheavyanddifficult,andisoneoftheimporta,theyhavebasicallybeenstr,theChinaNationalOffshoreOilCorporation(CNOOC)hasestablishedsuchspecializedcompaniesastheChinaOffshoreOilCompany,theChinaOffshoreOilfieldServiceCompany,theOffshoreOilEngineeringCompanytheChinaOffshorePetrochemicalCompany,(CNPC)andtheChinaPetroleumandChemicalCorporation(SINOPEC),someenterprisesthathavecompletedtheseparationofthecoreandsecondarybutseparated,ssetsarestillheavilydependentonthelistedcompaniesorjoint-ventureenterprises,whichrestrainsthedevelopmentofthec,somesecondaryratedtheircoreandsecondarybusinesses,theyoftenovationandsustai,italsocontradictswiththecountryrthese"secondaryassets".20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以C,largestate-ownedbanksintroducestrategicinvestorsmainlyforpromotingthereformoftheircorporategovernancestructure,pushingaheadthetransformationofinternalsystemsandregimes,ngmanagementandcompetence,bylearningfromstrategicinvestors,theyintroducestrategicinvestorsmostlyforloweringcost,drivingcomprehensivereform,rapidlyreversingthefinancialstatusfromdeficittosurplus,schiefpurposeofintroducingstrategicinvestorsistosatisfythestrictrequirementofthe8%capitaladequacyratiosetbytheChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission(CBRC).Sincefinancingonthedomesticcapitalmarketisstillrestrictedatpresent,andthelawsandregulationsonprivateplacementareyettobeestablished,,afterintroducingforeigninvestmenthasbecomepopularinthebankingsector,ipationThepercentageofsharesheldbymanyforeignfinancialinstitutionsindomestic,HSBC,INGGroup,CommonwealthBankofAustralia,andStandardCharteredBankinvestedinBankofCommunications,BankofBeijing,HangzhouCityCommercialBankandBohaiBank,respectively,%tbecomethelargestshareholder,theyhaveallnegotiatedacontractclauseintheequit,suchasIndustrialBankandBankofBeijing,thetotalpercentageofforeignshareholdingreachestheupperlimitof25%nesebankForinstance,%stakeinBankofCommunications,an8%stakeinBankofShanghai,%stakeinPingAnIns,thisisbecauseChinasrelevantpolicyisnotveryclearandforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutionsthatarepositiveaboutthedevelopmentofChinasfinancialmarkethavetogetpreparedinseveralfieldsinordertoc,thismightberelatedwiththebusinessstrategyofforeign-fundedfinancialinstitutions,hineselocalbanksandfinallyeliminatingrivals....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、龙八app下载用户至上名仕下载 客户端ZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentResearchReportNo50,2008Withtheconstantincreaseofincomesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheimprovementoftheirconsumptionlevel,thenumberofwastematerials,suchasscrappedcars,wastehardware,worn-outelectricandelectronicproducts,wastepaper,wasteplastic,,beingreclaimedandprocessed,canbereusedorrecycled,whichprovidesamaterialbaseforthedevelopmentofChina,categorization,circulationandprocessingofthewastematerials1,thispaperhassummarizedthepresentdevelopmentofChinasrenewableresourcesindustryandanalyzedtheexistingproblemswithaviewonlayingafoundationfortheformulationofrelevantpolicies.sRenewableResourcesIndustryThepercapitapossessionofmajornaturalresourcesinChinaislowerthantheworldaverage,andthecontraechoiceforrealizingthesustainabledevelopmentofChineseeconomy."Repairandutilizeoldordiscardedthingsandletallthingsservetheirproperpurpose"isafinetraditionoftheChineseworkingpeople,animportantwaytoenhancetheefficientutilizationofresources,aswellasaculturalbaseforthedevelopmentoftherenewableresourcesindustry.1.DevelopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryisjustbeginningtotakeshapeIngeneral,over30yearsofreformandopeningup,withtheconstantimprovementofsocialistmarketeconomy,Chinasrenewableresourcesindustryhasgraduallyexpanded,regionaldistributionmarketshavebeguntotakeshapeandthetechnicalcompetencehasbeenincreased.ThewastereclamationsystemhasRepublicofChina,companiesatvariouslevelsforreclaimingvariouskindsofmaterials(includingretrievalofmetals)andcompaniesunderthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesforcollectingwastematerialsweresetupthroughoutthecountry,,withtheconstantimprovementofChinasmarketeconomy,thereclamationsystemsetupundertheplannedeconomyhasstartedtoshrinkowingtorepositionoftheredundantreclamationworkers,theworkersswitchtootherprofessionsorretirementoftheworkers;andinparticular,afterthecancellationofthematerialmanagementdepartments,thereclamationcompaniesunderthematerialmanagementdepartmentsandthesupplyandmarketingco,farmersenteringcitiesforemploymenthavebeenengagedingreatnumbersinthewastesreclamationsector,andtheprofit-orientedpublicwastesreclamationsystemaimedmainlyatenterprisesorin,000tonsofwastealuminum,400,000tonsofscrapcopperandalmost300,000tonsofleadscdafoundationforthedevelopmentofChina,withthewideningincomegapbetweenurbanandruralresidents,especiallytheupdatingofthedailynecessitiesoftheurbanresidents,someoftheproductsthatfallintodisusearelittleusedorevencompletelyunusedandcanbeutilizedagain,thusbringingaboutthecirculationofthesecondhandgoodsfrombigcitiestomedium-sizedandsmallcitiesandthentoruralareas,whichcanbefeltbytheexistenceofwastereclaiming,,assupplyofresourcesinChinahasbecometight,importofwastemat,insuchcoastalareasasGuangdong,Zhejiang,Jiangsu,ShanghaiandTianjin,importingandunravelingscrapmetalshasgraduallydevelopedintoanindustryonalargescale;provinceslikeShangdongandHebeiarealsoregsHunanProvince,therenewableresourcesindustryhasdevelopedintoasectorwithdistinctivecharacters.Thetechnicalcompofagreatmanysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whicharemainlysmallworkshopsorinvolvedinmanualoperationswithrenewableresources,isonalowside,whereassomeenterprisesgrowinglargerandlargerhaveahighertechnicalcompetenceinprocessingandutilizingtherenewabler,jointlywithChineseandforeignscientificresearchinstitutes,theequipmentordevicessuitableforthetreatmentofChinaswastematsrenewableresourcesindustry.velopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryAccordingtorelevantstudies,duringtheTenthFive-yearPlanperiod,therenewableresourcesreclaimedinChinatotaledabout400milliontons,withtheaverageannualrecoveryreaching80milliontonsandtheaverageannualgrowthrateregisteringover12%.In2006,thereclaimedrenewableresourcesinChina,suchasscrapmetals,wasteplasticandwastepaper,,%Reclamationandimportofwast,ironandaluminumcannotberegenerated,thescrapiron,uppliesbutcanalsoreducethedamagestotheecosystemcausedbythedevelopmentofnaturalresourcesandcancutdownthepollutantemissions,soastoematerials,someplaceshavedevelopedintorelevantbasesfortheproductionofrawmaterials,suchasTaizhouofZhejiangProvince,TaicangofJiangsuProvince,QingyuanofGuangdongProvince,GuluoandYongxingofHunaetofsavingenergy,re,steelandaluminiumaswellaswasteplasticconsumeenergyinproductionandareenergy-carryingproducts;andtheycansaveenergy,,;and10,000tonsofwastepapercanbeusedtoproduce8,000tonsofpaperpulp,withathriftof30,000cubicmetersofwood,12,000tonsofstandardcoalequivalentand1millioncubicmetersofwaterandwithadischargeofmorethan900,,%;,%;,%(Seefollowingtablefordetails).JinSanlinMiJianguoEstablishingChinasoilreserves,andstage-IprojectstartedinDalian,Huangdao,,thegovernmentestablishedthenationaloilreserveoffice,organizedsomeoilreservebasecompanies,,theestablishmentofChinasoilreservesystemislimitedtogovernmentsreserveandenterprisesobligatoryreservehasnotbeensetupandenterprises,theobjectivescale,managementsystem,operationmechanism,fundguaranteeandcostcontrolrelatedtoChinasoilreserveneedtobesolvedurgentlyandoilreserveisstilloneoftheweakestlinksinChina,asystematicresearchontheproblemofChinasOilReserveSystemOilreserveisaseriesofsystematic,organizedoil:(1)Themainbodyofoilreserveincludesboththegovernmentandenterprises;(2)Theobjectiveofoilreserveistorespondtooilsupplyemergencyoroilcrisis,soastoguaranteenationalsecurity;(3)Oilreserveshallbecarriedoutsystematicallyundertheunifiedorganizationofthenation,reserve,theInternationalEnergyAssociation(IEA)dividesoilreserveintogovernmentreserve,enterprisereserveandagencyreserve.(1)GovernmentreserveGovernmentreserveisincorporatedintogovernmentsfinancialbudget,thegovernmentprovidesthefundfortheestablishment,purchase,maintenanceandcontrol,theobjectiveistoti,egovernment,withhightransparencyandgoodemergencyeffectanditisaneffectivemeasuretoresistrisks,guaranteethesafety,balancethesupplyanddemand,,becauseoftheshortageofeffectivecompetitionmeans,theoperationefficiencyislowwhilethemaintenancecostishigh,whichwillconsequentlyincreasetheburdenoftheconsumers.(2)EnterprisereserveEnterprisereserveistheoilreserveundertakenbyoilmanufacturers,importers,oilrefiningenterprises,salesenterprisesandmajoroilconsumingenterprises,etheenterprise,becausecommercialreserveisrestrictedbyenterprisescostandbenefit,thereservevolumeisoftenlessthanlegalreserve,however,litiescanbeusedforlegalreserve,itisofhighoperationefficiency,lowoperationcost,andquickandconvenientactionwithlowtransparencyandlowjustice,anditisdifficulttobesupervised,meanwhile,,itcanincreaseenterprisescapacitytoresistriskswheninternationaloilsupplyisnotadequateandthepricejumpsup,anditcanincreaseenterprisesabsorptioncapacitywheninternationaloilsupplyisadequateandthepricegoesdown,thusitimprovesenterprisesoperationsecurityandeconomicbenefit,however,itisoflowjusticeandefficiencytorespondtothesocialcrisis.(3)AgencyreserveAgencyreserve(alsoknownasintermediaryorganizationsreserve),istheobligatoryoilreserveundertakenbypublicornongovernmentalorganizationsspecifiedbylaw,infact,itisamodeofenterprises,allofitsmembersaretheenterpriseswithreserveobligationstipulatedbylaw,theseenterprisobligatoryreserveandthestocks,itcanbeeasilysupervisedwithhightransparency,,moreandmoreattentionispaidtoagencyreserve,thenumberofthecountriesowningagencyreserveisincreasingwithyears,andenterprisessoilreservesystemGovernmentreserve,enterpriselegalreserve,agencyreserveandcommercialreserve,differentcountrieshavedifferentsituation,sotheoilreservesystemsaredifferent,,themostcommonthreekindsofcombinationmodesare:governmentreservewithcommercialreserve;governmentreservewithenterpriseslegalreserveandcommercialreserve;agencyreservewithenterprises,a,theobjectiveofpublicreserveistoresistthethreatof“oilsupplydisruption”,goilvolume,butdoesnotbeartheresponsibilityforregulatingtheoilprices,andthesupplyanddemandonintern,otherwisethecountryislikelytousepublicreservefrequentlytoregulateandcontroloilmarket,orinterveneintheenterprisennotbereached,andmoreovertheont-linescreenfortheprotectionofoilsecurity,(twoscreens)dependoneachotherandsupplementeachother,erveandcommercialreserve;meanwhileitdeterminesthatthetwok73,themajoroilimportingcountriesoftheUnitedStates,JapanandGermanyhavesetupnationaloilreservesystem,effort,thesecountrieshaveestablishednationaloilreservesysteminlightoftheirrespectivesituation,whichhasplayedanimportantroleinguaranteeingnationaleconomicsecurityandmaintainingthestabilityoftheworld,andthedifferencesrelatedtonationaloilreservesystemaremainlythedifferencesinreservemodeandcombinationmodebetweengovernmentreserve,enterprisescreserveandenterprises,theoilembargoagainsttheWesterncountr,theAmericangovernmentdecidedtosetupnationalstrategicoilreservesystemandtheobjectivewastoprotectandbufferAmerica,TheAmericanCongressapprovedtheEnergyPolicyandConservationAct(EPCA),authorizedtheMinistryofEnergytoestablishandmanagethestrategicoilreserve,andclarifiedtheobjective,managementandoperationmechanismofthestrategicoilreserve....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ZhouHongchun,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentResearchReportNo50,2008Withtheconstantincreaseofincomesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheimprovementoftheirconsumptionlevel,thenumberofwastematerials,suchasscrappedcars,wastehardware,worn-outelectricandelectronicproducts,wastepaper,wasteplastic,,beingreclaimedandprocessed,canbereusedorrecycled,whichprovidesamaterialbaseforthedevelopmentofChina,categorization,circulationandprocessingofthewastematerials1,thispaperhassummarizedthepresentdevelopmentofChinasrenewableresourcesindustryandanalyzedtheexistingproblemswithaviewonlayingafoundationfortheformulationofrelevantpolicies.sRenewableResourcesIndustryThepercapitapossessionofmajornaturalresourcesinChinaislowerthantheworldaverage,andthecontraechoiceforrealizingthesustainabledevelopmentofChineseeconomy."Repairandutilizeoldordiscardedthingsandletallthingsservetheirproperpurpose"isafinetraditionoftheChineseworkingpeople,animportantwaytoenhancetheefficientutilizationofresources,aswellasaculturalbaseforthedevelopmentoftherenewableresourcesindustry.1.DevelopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryisjustbeginningtotakeshapeIngeneral,over30yearsofreformandopeningup,withtheconstantimprovementofsocialistmarketeconomy,Chinasrenewableresourcesindustryhasgraduallyexpanded,regionaldistributionmarketshavebeguntotakeshapeandthetechnicalcompetencehasbeenincreased.ThewastereclamationsystemhasRepublicofChina,companiesatvariouslevelsforreclaimingvariouskindsofmaterials(includingretrievalofmetals)andcompaniesunderthesupplyandmarketingcooperativesforcollectingwastematerialsweresetupthroughoutthecountry,,withtheconstantimprovementofChinasmarketeconomy,thereclamationsystemsetupundertheplannedeconomyhasstartedtoshrinkowingtorepositionoftheredundantreclamationworkers,theworkersswitchtootherprofessionsorretirementoftheworkers;andinparticular,afterthecancellationofthematerialmanagementdepartments,thereclamationcompaniesunderthematerialmanagementdepartmentsandthesupplyandmarketingco,farmersenteringcitiesforemploymenthavebeenengagedingreatnumbersinthewastesreclamationsector,andtheprofit-orientedpublicwastesreclamationsystemaimedmainlyatenterprisesorin,000tonsofwastealuminum,400,000tonsofscrapcopperandalmost300,000tonsofleadscdafoundationforthedevelopmentofChina,withthewideningincomegapbetweenurbanandruralresidents,especiallytheupdatingofthedailynecessitiesoftheurbanresidents,someoftheproductsthatfallintodisusearelittleusedorevencompletelyunusedandcanbeutilizedagain,thusbringingaboutthecirculationofthesecondhandgoodsfrombigcitiestomedium-sizedandsmallcitiesandthentoruralareas,whichcanbefeltbytheexistenceofwastereclaiming,,assupplyofresourcesinChinahasbecometight,importofwastemat,insuchcoastalareasasGuangdong,Zhejiang,Jiangsu,ShanghaiandTianjin,importingandunravelingscrapmetalshasgraduallydevelopedintoanindustryonalargescale;provinceslikeShangdongandHebeiarealsoregsHunanProvince,therenewableresourcesindustryhasdevelopedintoasectorwithdistinctivecharacters.Thetechnicalcompofagreatmanysmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,whicharemainlysmallworkshopsorinvolvedinmanualoperationswithrenewableresources,isonalowside,whereassomeenterprisesgrowinglargerandlargerhaveahighertechnicalcompetenceinprocessingandutilizingtherenewabler,jointlywithChineseandforeignscientificresearchinstitutes,theequipmentordevicessuitableforthetreatmentofChinaswastematsrenewableresourcesindustry.velopmentofrenewableresourcesindustryAccordingtorelevantstudies,duringtheTenthFive-yearPlanperiod,therenewableresourcesreclaimedinChinatotaledabout400milliontons,withtheaverageannualrecoveryreaching80milliontonsandtheaverageannualgrowthrateregisteringover12%.In2006,thereclaimedrenewableresourcesinChina,suchasscrapmetals,wasteplasticandwastepaper,,%Reclamationandimportofwast,ironandaluminumcannotberegenerated,thescrapiron,uppliesbutcanalsoreducethedamagestotheecosystemcausedbythedevelopmentofnaturalresourcesandcancutdownthepollutantemissions,soastoematerials,someplaceshavedevelopedintorelevantbasesfortheproductionofrawmaterials,suchasTaizhouofZhejiangProvince,TaicangofJiangsuProvince,QingyuanofGuangdongProvince,GuluoandYongxingofHunaetofsavingenergy,re,steelandaluminiumaswellaswasteplasticconsumeenergyinproductionandareenergy-carryingproducts;andtheycansaveenergy,,;and10,000tonsofwastepapercanbeusedtoproduce8,000tonsofpaperpulp,withathriftof30,000cubicmetersofwood,12,000tonsofstandardcoalequivalentand1millioncubicmetersofwaterandwithadischargeofmorethan900,,%;,%;,%(Seefollowingtablefordetails).、DVORLongGuoqiangCurrently,Chinaisun,theindu,toaccuratelyseizethenewopportunitiesarisingfromglobalizationandtopushforwardtheupgradingofindustrialstructurewhileChinaseconomyisIndustrialUpgradingOverthepasttwodecades,theaccumulatedforeigndirectinvestment(FDI)toChinahasexceededUS$,alargeamountofexport-orien,Chinahasbecometheworld,Chinaneedstocontinuetodev,itisalsoimperativetotransformthecountry,theCPCcentralcommitteehasputforwardtheconceptofscientificdevelopment,alongwiththegoalofcomprehensive,,thetransformationmustbeproceededwithaviewtoelevatingChina,ries(1)Thereisastron,whichhasledtoasurgeinurbaninfrastructureconstructionandhasinturnboostedastrongdemandfortheheavyandchemicalindustriessuchasironsteel,cement,sconsumptionstructurepromptedbytheriseinpercapitaincome,whichhaspushedupthedemandforautomobileandhousestoanewlevel,wh,,petrochemicals,machineryandchemicals,therehavebeenmoreandmorecasesofmergersandacquisitions(MAs),theChinesegovernmenthas,forthefirsttimeinhistory,promulgatedrelevantregulationsinordertocreateabettersystematicenvironmentfortransnationalMAs.(2)Massiveexport-orienteda,foreigninvestorshavemassively,ahugeassemblycapacityhasbeenformed,whic,moreandmoreupstreamsparepartshavebeenproducedinChina,leadingtotheform,this"importsubstitute"iscompletedundertheconditionsofopeningtotheoutsideworld,whichwillresultinacontinuo(1)RDinternationalizationandits"spillovereffect".RDinternationalic:(UNCTAD)conductedasur,eachtransnationalcorporationspentanaverage28%Dinstitutionsin1985,,atotalof375foreignc~1990period,thenumberoftheovers%,%.ThethirdmanifestationofRDglobalizationisagro1995bytheworldslargesttransnationalcorporations,%,theNetherlands,Belgium,SwitzerlandandotherEuropeancountries,over50%ofthepatentapplicatiiesadoptedbytransnationalcorporationstoc,theadvanceininformationtechnologyandthemodulizationofRDactivitieshavemadeitpo,conductingoversea,astheseactivitiesareclosertothemarketsofthehostcountries,transnationalcorporationscanincreasetherelevanceoftheircorpo,theycantakeadvantageofthelow-costRDresourcesandespeciallythehumanr,theyaremoreconsistentwiththepoliciesofthehostcountriesa,at,theappealoftheChinesemarketwillbeincreasinglystrongerandmoretransnati,theRDinstitutionsoftransnationalcorporationscanproducea"spillovereffect"onthehostcountries,mainlythroughthemechanismsofdemonstration,themovementofemployeesandinformation,cooperation,gy,effectsisamajortopicfordevelopingcountriesinenhancingtheirinnovationcapacity.(2)Globalizationhasprovidednumerousop,theycanestablishRDins,theycanacquireoverseasRDinstitutionsortechnology,,theycantakeadvantageofoverseasventureinvestmentfundsandc(1)T,theserviceindus%~2003period,theserviceindustryattractedUS$461billionofforeigninvestment,accountingfor66%productionservicesectors,includingbusinessservice(29%),financialservice(25%),transport/warehousing/communications(16%),andtrade(11%).Inaddition,transnationalcorporationshavebegunestablishicountrieswillgreatlyraisetheoverallleveloftheserviceindustryindevelopingcountriesthroughthemechanismsofdemonstration,competitionandmovementofhumanresources....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,:WorldInvestmentReport2001:PromotingLinkages,ChinaFinancialPublishingHouse,2002,:WorldInvestmentReport2005,RenXingzhouSince2008,anobviouschangeshowingadowntrendhasturnedupinChinasrealestatemarketperformance,bringingaboutapronounc,sincethesecondhalfoftheyear,morepeoplehavetakenawait-and-seeattitudetowardtherealestatemarket,leadingtoanenlargingshrinkageofthevolumeoftradeanentrealestateinvestment,locallandsellingandrelevanttaxrevenue,etItisnotfortuitoundoffasteconomicgrowthbetween2003~2007,China%.In2007,theGDPtotalednearly25trillionyuan,scalinganewheight,withChina,therealestateindustry,asapillarindustryofthenationaleconomy,grewrapidly,withtherealestateinvestmentincreasingfasterthanfixedassetinvestmentandGDPinthesameperiod;;,propelledbyChinasindustrializationandurbanizationandbytheeconomicglobalization,thedevelopmentoftherealestatemarketacceleratedconstantly,andthemarketmechanienationaleconomy,,inthecourseofitscontinuousrapidgrowth,therealestatemarkethasalsoaccumulatedmanycontradictionsandproblems,suchastheexcessivelyfastincreaseoftherealestateinvestment,theconstantrisingofthehousingprices,theconspicuousdisequilibriumo,intermsofitsownoperation,therealestatemarket,throughrapiddevelopmentforseveralconsecutiveyears,willinevitablyenteraperiodoftemporarydownturntodeal,throughmandatorymarketadjustment,withthecontradictionsandproblemsaccumulatedforyearsandtoreachanewequilibrium,mintoplaytoruleoutthebubbleeconomyandtobringtherealestateindustrybacktoitsrationaldevelopmentThebubblesareconstantl,inparticular,housingpriceshaverisensubstantially,withthehousingpricesinsomecitiesincreasedbyover50%lationsdrivinguphousingpricesaswellasrisinglandprices,whichhaveenabledd,formingaviciouscircleofhighhousingprices,highlandprices,higherhousingprices,,moreandmorebubbleshavebeenaccumulatedandtheirrationalpracticespervadingthemarketshavebecomemoreandmoreconspicuous.(Localgovernmentshav,makingadditionalrevenueforlocalgovernments).Inthedevelopmentofthehousestructure,thebuildingspaceofhouseshasbecomemoreandmorespaciousandhigh-gradeapartmentsandvillashavebeenapursuitofthedevelopers,whereasthenumberofthemoderate-andlow-pricedmedium-andsmall-sizedhomesneededbyordinaryresidentshasreducedevidently,,callingfortheoveralladjustmentoftheindustrytoruleoutthebubblesandtgofthemarketpurchasingpowerInrecentyears,theexcessivelyfastriseofhousingpriceshasresultedinexcessivelyhighhousingpricesinmanycities,deviatingfarfromtheaffordabledemandonthemarket,andwiththeoverallhousepricebeingfurtherpushedupbytheever-increasinghousearea,thepurchasingpoweronthemarkethasbeenseriouslyoverdrawn,bringingaboutanevidentlyinadequatestimulusforthedevelopmentoftheindustryandshowinga,havetakenplaceonthemarket,theinsufficiencyofthemarketpurchasingpowerwillbeimmediatelybroughttolightandthemarketdemandwilldecreaseevidently,hinasdomesticrealestateindustryIn2008,theAmericanfinancialcrisisoriginatedfromitssub-primemortgagebrokeoutandaffectedthewholeworldinthelatterhalfoftheyear,,therealestatesectorsofvariouscountrieswerethefirsttobeseriouslyaffected,withthehousingpricesofmanycountriesdeclining,thecrisishasresultedinacurrencydeflationandthefinancialinstitutionshavebecomemorecautiousingrantingloans,causingdoubleimpactontherealestatedevelopmen,thecrisishascausedeconomicrecession,,thusinevitablybringingdowndr,thecrisishashadadirectinfluenceonpeoplesconsumptionconfidenceandexpectancy,leavingmsrealestatemarketinvaryingdegreesand,particularly,theyhaveproducedseriousnegativeeffectsonpeoplesconsumptionpsychologyandexpectancy....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByZhuDantao,,2006Asruralfinancehasbeenplayingakeyroleinpromotingbankdeposits,allocatingfundsanddiversifyingrisks,ithasarousedgreatc,anyreformonruralfinancemustbebasedonadeepunderstandingofitscharacteristics,udymorecomprehensive,tmentofRuralEconomyoftheDevelopmentResearchCenterofStateCouncil(HereinafterreferredtoasDRCSurvey)in2005,whichcovered29provinces(municipalitiesorautonomousregions).Atotalof1962validquestionnairesonpeasanthouseholdswerereceived,plusanother133onvillagesand206onsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises(SMEs)nSichuanProvinceduring2003-2004(HereinafterreferredtoasSichuanSurvey).Thesurveywasconductedinfourcountiesfromfourareas(withonecountyfromonearea):plainarea,hillyarea,mountainareaneartheSichuanBasinandtheareainhabitedbyethnicgroups,sity(CAU)andtheAsianDevelopmentBank(ADB)inTongrenofGuizhouProvince(HereinafterreferredtoasTongrenSurvey)duringJuly2005,,complementingandverifyingeachother,whichhelpstogiveusacomprerallyspeaking,asaresultofdifferentproductionandorganizationmodeintheruraleconomy,thefina,socialtransitionsandculturaltrrcredits,savings,insuranceandotherfinancialservices,(1)LowyieldsandhighrisksAsChinasagriculturalproductionischaracterizedbysmallscale,lowtechnologyandpoormarketaccessibility,theeconomicreturnonitisgenerallylowerthanonotherindust,agriculturalcreditbearshighermarketrisksasagriculturalproducthaslesssupplyelasticityandagriculturalproduction,agriculturalcredithastobearnaturalrisksthatarecausedbyagriculturesesdifferentrequirementstoruralfinancialinstitutionsintermsoftheircommercialization,marketizationandorganizationsintheruralfinancialmarket.(2)SeasonalityandtimelinessThewidespreaduseofmodernscienceandtechnologyhasnotchangetheseasonalityofagriculturalproduction,whichresultsintheseasonalityofagriculturalloandemandf,theTongrenSurveyshowsthatamongatotalof433loansfrom2002totheendofJune2005,%%.Whenaskedaboutthedesiredloanterm,%%chooseabove1year,whichindicates,,,consideringnaturalandmarketrisksofagriculturalbusinesswhichleadtotheuncertaintyofproductionandsales,,pressingandhaphazardry,(3)SmallloansThelandco,sm,,the,899loans,witheachloanaveragingRMB8,244yuan,andloanslessthanRMB5,%,mostlysmallloans,wereextendedtothesurveyedruralenterprisesduring2001~2004,%sesarehuge,tions.(4)LackoftraditionalpledgeThereisanacuteshortageofpledgesinrur,exceptforthelanduserightofcollective-ownedwastelandthatfarmershavecontracted(provided,however,thatthepriorconsentofthecontract-awardingpartyissecured),orthelanduserightofcollectively-ownedlandthatisoccupiedbypledgedbuildings,shouseisabasicnecessityofhislifeandcannotbemortgagedinrealsenseand,whatismore,thelandhishouseoccupiescannotbemortgagedeither,sproductivepropertiescanhardlybesoldinthemarket,,%itproductsthatdonotneedtraditionalpledgesandtoexpandthescopeofacceptablepledges....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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