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贵宾棋牌贵宾厅【krolicks.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。怒江泻毡瓮网络科技有限公司(原新余成囊电子商务有限公司)成立于1997年,占地面积43165平方米,手机ag亚游正网注册其中生产厂房占地1733平方米,仓库面积占地8228平方米。固定资产2726万元,流动资产3522万元,干部职工共590人,工程技术人员78人。贵宾棋牌贵宾厅ByXiaBin,ZhangChenghuiLeiWei,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo186,(Thecreditcardmeansthecard-issuingbankprovidesthecardholderwithsomelineofcredit)andtheholdercanconsumeorwithdrawmoneytexemptioniftheamountisrepaidindullwithinthespecifiedperiodoftime,orhecanchoosetheminimumamountofrepayment)includequasicreditcardsinChina(Thequasicreditcardmean,epositswillbepaidasperstipulations).IftheissuanceofthefistquasicreditcardbyZhuhaiBranchoftheBankofChinain1985istakenasthestartingpoint,thecre,theGuangdongDevelopmentBankissuedthefirstRMBVISAcardinitsrealsenseandinlinewithinternationalstandardsand,atthesametime,,thecreditcardsissuedwereallinternationalcardssuchasVISAcardsandMasterCardsandthenumberofcsaccessiontoWTO,withthecompetitionamongbanksaggravated,domesticbanksbegantoincreaseinputinintermediarybusinessacreditcardbusinessindependentandunveiled,governmentdepartmentsconcernedwerealsoactivelypromotingthecommonuseofcre,thePeoplesBankofChinaorganizedcommercialbankstocommencethebuildingofthenationalbasicdatabaseo"314"Projectforcreditcardonlineusepracticedin2001andtheChinaUnionpayfoundedin2002,theconstructionofinfrastructurefacilitiesonChina,theChinaUnionpayintroducedthemarket-orientedmechanismsduringtheconstructionofthecreditcardmarketand,throughintensiveandmassoperation,effectivelyavoidedcut-throatcompetit,thenumberofcreditcardclients,,,00respectively,,,thusinitiallysatisfyingthedemandofcardholder,from2003onwards,,thenumberofissuedcreditcardsreached186millioninChina,being8timesthatof2002,o(Figure1).Thenumberofdomesticcard-issuinginstitutionsreached61,ofwhich16werenationalinstitutionsand15werecreditcardcentersinofficialoperation,,useofcreditcardshadbeenpopularizedin32provinces,province-levelmunicipalitiesa,thecre,in2009thenumberof,000yuan(Figure2andFigure3).Duringthesameperiod,,suggestingthatthecreditcardhasbecomet,theconsumptioncreditbycreditcar,(Figure4),%oftheongshapeinitially,,thecre:Firstly,thecreditma,,,,,,beingonlyequivalentto1/24of866billiondollarsrecordedduringthesameperiodintheUnitedStates;theaverageoutstandingcreditcardbalanceamountedto1,321yuan,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByHanJun,CuiChuanyi,HeYupeng,QinZhongchunWangBinResearchReportNo105,idanceandservicetofarmer-workerstoworkinurbanareasandreasonablyguidefarmer-workworkinginurbanareasduringindustrializationupgradingbydevotingmajoreffortstodevelopingindustrialclusters,ructioninruralareas,facilitatetheshiftoflabor-intensiveindustriestocentralandwesternregions,promotestructuraladjustmentandindustrialupgradingamongtownshipenterprises,supportthegrowthofprocessingindustriesofagriculturalproducts,nurturenewsectorsofgrowthforruralserviceindustries,vigorouslydevelopleisureagriculture,ruraltourismandforesttourism,developruralrealestateandexpandspacefornon-agriculturalemploymeferentialmeasuresintermsofcredit,taxandlandtofarmer-workersforthemtostartbusinessesbackintheirhometownsandpromoteemploymentthroughbusinessstartuptobringalongtheshiftofrurallaborersandtoformasoundinteractionbetweenbo,simplifyexaminationandapprovalproceduresandprovide“one-stop-shop”servicestomakeitcometownsandusethefundsasloaninterestsubsidyforfarmer-workersdutilization,developtheconstructionofindustrialparksinlinewithlocalconditionedbythestateandlocalgovernmentstosupportthegrowthofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,non-publiceconomicserviceindustries,agriculturaldevelopment,processingindustriesofagriculturalproductsandhi-techenterprisesandcalloffbusinessadminister-workersStrengthengovernmentpublicemploymentinformationservices,advanceinformationlinkageamongpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsinvariousprovinces,municipalitiesandregionsandbetweenpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsininner-provincecities,countiesandtownships,strengthentheconstructionofinfrastructureforsocialsecurityandemploymentatgrassrootslevels,strengthentheconstructionofgovernmentpublicserviceinformationplatforms,enhancethegovernmentinformationreleasesystemonemploymentguidanceandguiderurallaborers,suchasemploymentguidance,skilltraining,servicesforbusinessstartup,protectionguidanceandeducationamongthechildren,nhancethecoordinationbetweengovernmentemploymentdepartmentsofplacestransmittingoracceptinglaborservicesandtoconductionwithallsectorsofthecommunitytojointlysetuppublicemploymentinformationserviceplatformsandprovidefarmer-workerswithemploymentserviceswiththeaidofmoderncommunication,eemploowardfarmer-workersPublicemploymentserviceagenciesatalllevelsshizetheexchangeandsharingofpublicemploymentserviceresources,towidenchannelsforfarmer-workerstofindjob,extendurbannetworkstowardtownshipsandadministrativevillagesandprovideemployingunitsandjob-matizationoflaborrecord,laborinspectionandmanagementoflabordisputemediationandarbitrationtoearnestlysafeguardfarmer-workersogiesChildrentoGotoSchoolandforFarmer-workerstoEnjoyMedicalCareandParticipateinSocialInsuranceandAcceleratetchildrentoreceivecompulsoryeducationAdheretotheprincipleofrelyingmainlyonpublicschoolsofplaceswheeivedbyfarmer-workerschildrenunderthepubliceducationsystemandrationallyplantheoverallarrangementsanddevelopmentoftheschoolsaccordingtothenumber,distributionandchangeoffarmer-workersdleandprimaryschoolstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtofarmer-workersnsinfullamounttopublicschoolstakinginfarmer-workerschildrenaccordineandadopteffectivemeasurestoimproveschoolconditionsinregionswherealargenumberoffarmer-workersareacceptedandeducationalresourcesareinsufficientandtheCentralTreasurywillrewardthoseprovfferedtoschoolsundercivilianauspicesthathavebeenentrustedbythegovernmentstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrants,financialsubsidieswillbeaddedtothepublicfundsofschoolsaccordingtothenumberofschoolstudentsandstudentsofschoolsundercivilianauspiceswillbeexemptedfrommiscellaneousfeesaccordingtothestandardratesforndschoolandresolutelycorrectsuchdiscriminatorypracticesascollectionofvarioussortsoffeesincludingtemporaryschoolingfeeandsponsorshipfromchildrenoffarmer-workers,soastoenabletheoverwhelmingmajorityoffarmer-workersmakeexplorationsaccordingtolocalconditionsintothecontinuouseducationtobeprovidedtofarmer-workersforhighschoolsandincollegeentranceexaminations,probeintomeasurestoseparatetheschoolrollfromthehouseholdregisterandletthechildrenoffarmer-workershavetherightstositforentranceexaminati,setupthetransferpaymentandsubsidysystemforprovidingcompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrantfarmer-workers,graduallyincreasesubsidiesprovidedbytheCentralTreasurytochildrenofmigrantsfortheireducation,stepuptheproportionoftheinvestmentfromtheCentralTreasuryincompulsoryeducationandconsolidatethesupporttoschoolsa,specifyresponsibilitiesofgovernmentsatalllevelsincompulsoryeducation,listthecompulsoryeducationfundsformigrantsincludingfarmer-workerschildrenasthebudgetaryeducationfundsofplaceswheremigrantsstay,appropriatepubliceducationfundsonanaveragebasistoschoolsaccordingtotheactualnumberofschoolstudentsandsetupthefundraisingandguaranteeingmechanismofcompulsoryeducationatroot.。

    ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo52,nChinahad,forlong,practicedadualistsystemforurbanandruralareas,,differentmechanismswereemployedtoprovidepublicservicesforurbanandruralresidentsandtheallocationofpubliccfinance,tovisionofruraleducation,medicalcare,socialsecurity,publicinfrastructureandotherpublicservices,boththe,proposedin1998,edeconomicandatbuildinganewsocialistcountrysidewouldbeamajorhistorictask,ruralcove,var,thesupportbypublicfinanceforruraldevelopmenthasbeenextendedfromtheformerrelativelynarrowagriculturalproductiontotheprovisionofruralpublicservicesandtheconstructionofpublicinfrastructures,andgraduallytoruraleducation,medicalcare,old-ageinsurance,culture,roadconstruction,,governmentsatalllevelandintensity,,comprehensivefreecompulsoryeducationhasbe,Chinabegantoincludeallruralstudents(includingthoseincountiesandtowns)acrossthecountryintothecoverageof"twoexemptionsandonesubsidy",,atotalof150millionruralstudentsreceivingcom,theycanhavefreetextbooksprovidedbythegovernmentandmillionsofpo,thenewruralcooperativem,ithasbasicallycoveredallrura,amin,,theexperimentonanewruralinsurancesystemwascomprehensivelylaunchedin2009toexplorehowtoestablishanewruralinsurancesystemincorporatingpersonalcontribution,,atotalof10,Chinahaslaunchedaprojecttorenovateramshackleruralhousesandprovidedsubsidy,theStateprovidedfiscalsubsidyfor800,,theconstructionofruralwater,electricity,road,naturalgas,Internetand~2010period,atotalof215millionruralpeoplehadgainedaccesstosafedrinkingwater,cts,focusingonthewater-savingtransformationinlargeirrigationareas,thedemonstrationprojectsonwater-savingirrigation,andthekeycouystemWhileChinahasmadegreateffortsandscoredsomeachievementsinequalizingbasicpublicservicesbetweenurbanandruralareasinrecentyears,theurban-ruraldisstillprominent,andthe,thesystemsoneducation,health,cultureandotherpublicservices,,bothsystemadjustmenandrurallooksisstillsharp(1)TheproblemofunsaferuraldrinkingwaterisstillprominentCurrently,therearetwomainprob,about220millionr0arededucted,Chinalanforruralsafedrinkingwaterprojects(2005~2015):thepopulationwhofailedtobeincludedinthenationalplanafterthere-evaluationbytheMinistryofWaterResourcesin2004,thenewlyaddedpopulationarisingfromwatersourcepollutionanddepletion,earthquake,higherstatewaterqualitystandardsandengineeringrelocation,andthenewlyaddedpopulationarisingfromtheexpandedcove,asengineeringconstructionadvances,theeasyprojectshavebeenlargelycompletedandmostoftheremainingpeoplearelivinginareasfarfromwatersources,wherewaterqualityispoor,topographyiscomplex,,mostprovincesandction.Intermsoflaborcost,%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkthatlaborcosthasrisenatpresent,,%ofprivateentrepreneursregardpresentmaterialpurchasepricesasrising,isesSince2011,theretrenchmentofthemoneta%ofprivateenterprisesareshortofcirculatingfunds,%%,privateenterprisesinnortheastandcentralChina,smallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprises,thoseintherealestateindustry,accommodationandcateringindustriesandinthemanufacturingin,privateenterprises,especiallysmallandmedium-sizedones,accesstobankloans,%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkitfairlydifficultormuchdifficulttohaveaccesstotheloans,%%,"payingextracosts,apartfromregulatedinterestrates,relatedtobankloans"hasbeendesignedinthesurve%ofprivateentrepreneurssaidtheyhadpaidalotormuch,%ofthemsaidtheyhadpaidnormalsums,33%ofthemsaidtheyhadpaidsome,%,,qu,"theissueofwhetheritiseasyordifficultforprivateenterprisestoraisenongovernmentalfunds"%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkitquitedifficultorcomparativelydifficulttoraisenongovernmentalfunds,%%,%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkthetaxburdenisveryheavyorcomparativelyheavy,%%,beingmuch"theproportionofcharges,fund-raisingandleviesintheenterprisessalesrevenuepaidbytheenterpriseinayeartogovernmentsatalllevelsapartfromState-regulatedcosts"hasalsobeendesignedforth%oftheprivateenterpriseschose"0%",%ofthemchose"0~%",40%ofthemchose"%~1%",%ofthemchose"1%~5%"and4%ofthemchose"morethan5%".Andtheproportionoftheprivateenterpriseswhichchose"1%~5%"or"morethan5%"th,aboutthepredictionofemploymentstraitsinthenextyear,%ofprivateentrepreneursthinkitfairlydifficulttorecruitworkers,%ofthemregarditasalittlebitdifficult,%%,%ofprivateenterprisesinwestChinathinkitfairlydifficulttorecruitworkers,%ofprivateenterprisesincentralChinawhererur,thenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedprivateenterprisesconsideringrecruitmentfa"escalatingexpectationsofjobchoosingamongmigrantworkersofyoungergeneration"and"excessivelyfastriseincommoditypricesheighteningthecostoflivingofjobseekersandloweringprospectiveearnings",whicharetoptwochoicesgivenbyprivateentrepreneurs,%%respectively,"shortageoftotallaborsupply"(%),"lowwageandlackofcompetitiveness"(%),"demandingjobskills"(%),"insufficientemploymentchannels"(%),"lossofemployees"(%)and"unattractivebrandsandbusinessscale"(21%).10-200米ByYuanDongming,GeneralOfficeofDRCandLiGuangqian,DepartmentofTechno-EconomicResearchofDRCResearchReportNo132,2012Inrecentyears,themarkethaswitnessednumerouscasesofunusualfluctuationofthepricesofChineseherbalmedicines,remaithaviewtostraighteningupthemarketandforthepurposeoffocusingontheestablishmentofasingleandspecializedmarketandtheformationofthe"individuality+multiplicity",significantchangeshavetakenplaceinthemarketcircumstancesfortheoperationoftheherbalmedicines,andinnovationshionmodelandactivelyboosttheimprovementofthemarketsystem,thetransformationofthespecializedmarketandthechangeofmeansofsupervisionsoastolayafoundatihineseherbalmedicinemarkethasexperiencedthreephasesofdevelopmentsincetheimplementationofreformandopeninguppolicy:(before1994)Aftertheimplementationofthereformandopen-doorpolicy,thetransitionoftheproduction,operationandsalesofherbalmedicinalproductsfromunderthepreviousplannedeconomysystemtothepresentmarketeconomysystemgreatlyboostedthecultivationandtradingofherbalmedicinalmaterials,,over100herbalmedicinemarketstookshapespontaneouslyacrossthecountry,dthedecoctionpieces(preparedherbalmedicineinsmallpiecesreadyfordecoction)theherbalmedetsandthemarketmanagementwasterriblyimperfect,leadinoducts,severelyimpairingt(1994~2003)ItwasputforwardintheUrgentCircularoftheStateCouncilonFurtherStrengtheningthePharmaceuticalAdministrationWorkpromulgatedin1994thatthespecializedherbalmedicinemarketsshouldberectifiedandstandardized,andin1995theStateAdministrationofTraditionalChineseMedicine,StatePharmaceuticalAdministration,MinistryofPublicHealthandtheStateAdministrationofIndustryandCommercejointlyformulatedtheSta,variouslocalitiesacrossthecountrystraighteneduptheirrespectiveherbalmedicinemarketsaccordingtotheStandardsandclosedtheineligibleones,andexercisedr,116illegalmedicinalfairtrademarketshadbeenbannedoneafteranotherthroughoutth  (since2003)Withthefurtherdevelopmentofthemarketeconomyandtheever-growinglaw-enforcementandsupervisionefforts,theobsoletemeansofexchangeonthespecializedmarketsturnedoutmaladaptiveandthemarketswereencumberedbyanumberofprevailingproblems,suchasmanagementchaos,operationbeyondthedesigna,theStateFoodandDrugAdministrationmadesamplinginspectionoftheherbalmedicinalmaterialssoldonspecializedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheamountofdefectiveproductsreachedashighas31%,ofwhichthedefectiveproductsofsomevarietiesevensurged83%,withbothperc%,theStateFoodandDrugAdministration,theMinistryofPublicSecurity,theStateCouncilOfficeforRectifyingIllegalMarketOrdersandtheGeneralAdministrationforIndustryandCommercestartedthespecialrectificationof17specializedmarketsandotherillicitfairtrademarketsnationwide,withthefocusbeingmadeontheenh,theherbalmedicinemarketshaveplayedanimportantpartinenliveningmedicinecirculation,increasingfarmers,thenumberofpermanentpersonnelinvolvedinherbalmedicinesin17specializedmarketshastopped100,,thesp,withthedevelopmentoflocally-supportedherbalmedicinemarketsandtheexpansionofthemarketdemand,,thereareover100specializedmarketsandthousandsoffai,circ,somelargemanufacturersofdecoctionpiecesandherbalmedicinesaremakingpurchasesdirect,moderninformationizedmeanshaveexpeditedtheparturitionofmanynewherbalmedicinecirculationpatterns,suchaschainoperation,onlinetransactionandfuturestrading.。

    凯德国际PT深海大赢家ByChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo25,2013(Total4274)sMonetaryEnvironmentHasExperiencedProfoundChangesCurrencyalwaysplaysitsroleinoseconomyisundergoingthecriticalrestructuringinatransitionalstage,,thecurrencysupplyandtherela,Chinashouldpayclose,theeffectivemonetaryregulationandcontroltools,especiallythepricecontroltools,shouldbedevelo,thereliableestimateforthechangedmonetaryenvironmentandtheadjustmenttotheformercontroltoolsandintensityshouldbemadetoensurethatthecurrencyspcedtheimport-orientedoneTheexchangeratesystemisanimportantfactorinfluencingChina,China,theincreaseofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangewasalorforeignexchangeandthebasiccurrencyincreasekeptover100%;theratioevenreached324%,Chinawithdrawsandfreezestheexcessivebasiccurrencyinthemarketbyusingcen%,Chinastarted,,accountingfor27%,easingandreducetheloan-depositratioofbanks,hencerestrictingbanks,banksareforcedtointensifytheexpsM2moneysupplyismainlyachievedthrou,thefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangeaccountedfor40%-70%andsuchpercentageofloansfluctuatedbetween60%and80%.Thesum-totalofthetwopercentageexceeded100%,Chinawithdrewsomemoneysupplyinthemarket,,,thetotal-sumofthetwopercentageswasaround100%,thenewlyincreasedcreditsaccountedforabout80%whiletheincreasedfundsoutstandingforforeignexchangesawasubstantialdecrease,leavingthesum-totalofthetwofactorslessthan100%,Chinahadtorelyonmoremoneysupplymeanssuchasreducingthescaleofcentralbankbills,increasingpublicmoneyissue,entdirectlytotheforeigntradeenterprises(smallandmedium-sizedcompaniesincluded).However,whentheamountofthefundsoutstandingforforeignexchangedecreased,themoneysupplyreturnedtobedrivenmainlybyalfinancingstructureAsthemarket-basedinterestrateandtheeasedmarketaccessfacilitatetheintegrationofdifferentmarkets,China%,arecordlow,%%,,nslikesmallloancompanies,guaranteecompanies,pawnshops,peer-to-peer(P2P)lendingcompanies,%%attheendof2012,thesum-totalofthepercentagesinbondandstockfinancingofsuchenterprisescontinuedtoincreasefrom14%%squantitativecontroltoolsbecomelesseffective,,Chinashouldmakethemarketmoresensitivet,moneysupplyandsocialfinancingwererelativelyeasedcomparedtotheGDPandinflationin2012,thesmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswerech,largenumbersofenterpriseshavingtroubleincashflowcouldacquirehigh-costfundsthroughsociallendingchannels,,thelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterpriseswithhugefunddemsin2012,,,accountingfor23%.,,theloan-to-depositratio,andthecapitaladequacyratio,bankstendtohavealimitedcre,thefinancingdifficultyandthehighfinancin,relevantdepartmentsshouldmakejointeffortstolowerthelocalgovernmentandstate-ownedenterprisesoccupationfohinaseconomyhassteppedintoanewdevelopmentstage,whichcanbedemonstratedintheoutstandingstructural(aperiodic)%since2002,buttheratedroppedaround20%,theratiooflong-andmedium-termbankloansalsosufferedacontinuousdroptoabout18%bytheendof2012whilethenon-financialenterprisesevensawa,thecapitaldemandsinChineseinfrastructureandrealestatewilltakeonadownwardtendencyduetothecapitalrestraints,whichrequiresChinatoseekforneweffectivefunddemands....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLiuShijin,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)ResearchReportNo237,2011HowlongcanChinamaintainitsgrowthmomentumafterexperiencinga30-year-longfastgrowthToanswerthisquestion,thefirstthi,,:whetherChinawillfallintotheso-called"middleincometrap".WhenChina"spercapitaGDPexceeds4,000dollarsatmarketexchangerateandwhenthecountryfacesdiversecontradictionsandchallenges,therearegrowingconcernsanddiscussionsonwhetherChinawillfallintothe"middle-levelincometrap".ItisagainstthisbackgroundthattheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil(DRC)haslaunchedaresearchprojectentitled"SurmountingtheMiddle-LevelIncomeTrap".Whilereviewingthemajorviewsintheresearchfindings,,China",dicatorsrelatedtodozensofcountriesand,,whichrequiredpatience,seriousnessandprofessionalismandforwhichs,,shouldthedollaratcurrentpriceorthepurchasingpowerparitybeselectedEv,weselectedthelong-termeconomicgrowthdataofvariouscountriesdevelopedbyrenownedeconomichistorianAngusMad,thisdatasetcoversawidescopeand,thisdatasethasalsoprovent"SqueezedGrowth"Inthecourseofdataanalysis,wecarriedouvesuccessivelyenteredtheprocessofindustrialization.(1)Britain,theUnitedStatesandothercountriesthatdevelopedfirstandhavebeenontheforefrontoftechnology.(2)Thelate-comingEuropeancountriesthathavesuccessfullycaughtupwithtechnologically-frontiercountries.(3)TheemergingindustrializedcountriesandregionsinEastAsiathathavetappedlatecomeradvantages,realizedlong-termrapiddevelopmentandscoredsomeprogressininnovationdriving.(4)TheLatinAmericancountriesandsimilarSoutheastAsiancountriesthathadlongpursuedanimportsubstitutionstrategy,createdgrowthmiraclesbutlaterfallenintothe"middle-levelincometrap".(5)TheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountriesthathadlongstucktoplannedeconomy,realizedrapidgrowthandalsooncefallenintothe"middle-levelincometrap".Thehistoryoftheabovecategoriesofcountriesandregionsinindustrialgrowthindicatesthatsomearepioneersandsomearelatecomersindifferentperiodsandthatsomelatecomersaresuccessful,"typicalfacts"insteadof"regularfacts"isthatwehaveobservedtherepeatabilityofthesefactsbutwearenotclearabouttheinhe"typicalfacts",wehavenoticedthefactofthe"squeezedgrowth",thelate-comingcountriesaccomplishedroughlythesame"workload",,inaccomplishingthesameeconomicgrowthtask,BritainandtheUnitedStatesusedabout100years,Japanused70years,SouthKoreaandotherEastAsianeconomiesused50years,andChina(orChina"sdevelopedareas)"squeezedgrowth""pressure""squeezedgrowth"arefullyreleased,,suchas"economictakeoff".Butnowweshouldfocusourattentionongrowthslowdownafterthefastgrowthcomestoaterminal,namelytheissueof"economicslowdown",andthecompletedescriptionandinterpretationoftheprocessofthe"squeezed",wehavenoticed"middle-levelincometrap".opeancountries,whichmostlywitnesseddrasticgrowthslowdowninthe1970s,canberegardedasanothertypeofcountriesfallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap".henplannedecon,growt"successfullychasing",Japan,,growthslowdownisasignofaneconomythathassuccessfullygonethroughtheper,,theyallappearedafteraperiodoffastgrowth(oragoldenperiodofgrowth).,thegrowthslowdownofthosefallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap"appearedinLatinAmericancountrieswhentheirpercapitaincomereached4,000~6,000internationaldollarsandintheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountrieswhentheirpercapitaincomereached5,000~7,"successfulchasers",thegrowthslowdownappearedwhentheirpercapitaincomereachedabout11,"lossofspeed"whentheystillhadpotentialsforfastgrowth,thelatterexperienceditaftertheirpotentialsforf,theeconomiesfallingintothe"middle-levelincometrap",bothLatinAmericancountriesandtheformerSovietUnionandEastEuropeancountries,allhadsomemajordefectsintheirsystems,strategiesandpoliciesforindustrialization,suchastheclosedimportsubstitutionstrategyadoptedbyLatinAmericancountriesandthesystemofplanzation,theireco"successfulchasers"weresuccessful,,wedevelopeda"six-factor"modelandattemptedtogiveapreliminarydescriptionandinterpretationoftheseproblems.ByXiaBinChenDaofu,ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo159,yRegimeThemonetaryperformanceofanationisfinallydeterminedbyfourexternalfinancialvariablesincludingmonetarypolicy,financialsupervision,microscopicbehaviorandexchangerate,gerateregimean,thechoiceofexchangeraarystabilityregime,sothattheexchangerateofonecurrencyagainstanotherforeigncudevelopment,,thecurrencyhaditsintrinsicvalueandtheparvalueofexchangepossessedendogenousstability,soobviouslytheexchangerateregimewasendogenousfixedexchangerateregi,owingtothegoldandforeignexchangecontrolimposedbyvariouscountries,theinternationalgoldstandardfixedexchangerateregimecompletelycollapsed,andthentheinternat,cantherebeasolidfoundationandrelevantsignificanceforthefusionofmonsweighingofcurrencyvaluestability,fullemploymentandthegoalofbalanceofpaymentsequilibrium,:RetrospectionandRuminationbyRobertMundellconcludesthroughdetailedanalysisthatpolicyoptionsaremadenotjustthroughsimplychoosingthefixedexchangerateregimeorfloatingexchangerateregime,,variouscountrieshavedifferenttransmittingregimesineconomiccycles,andthusthedegreesof,underfixedexchangerateregime,thestabilityofcurrencyisachievedbyvirtueofcurrencyvaluestability(ingoldstandardregime,thepriceofgold)ofkeycurrencies(suchasinternationalmajorreservecurrencies)ofaresponsiblemajoreconomy;whileunderfloatingexchangerateregime,thestabilityofcurrencyisachievedbyvirtueofotherregimesincludingmonetarystandard(byMiltonFriedman),commoditystandard(byThomasAttwood,IrvingFisherorFrankGraeme)andsalarystandard(byRobertMundell)().:ChoiceintheStrategicTransitionalPeriodInthecontextofinternationalmonetaryregime,thecurre,Euro,poundandyenasmajorreserveandsettlementcurrencies,exchangeratesbetweenmajorcurrenciesfloatingfreelyandfreechoicesofreservecurrency,exchangera,itcanbeexpectedthatinthenext10,20oreven30years,therewillbenofundamentalchangesinthebasicpatternof“onekeycurrencyandmultiplesecondarycurrencies”(accountingforabout65%oftheworldscurrentreservecurrencies)isrelativelyweakening,andthestrengthofsecondarycurrenciesincludingEuro,,,thecontestfordominanceintheintratesofvariouscountriesshallstillbehardtoachieve,exchangeratesbetweentheworldsmajorcurrenciesshallbemoreturbulent,sconstantlydevelopingeconomyandfinance,Chinaisamajoreconomywithalargepopulation,andhas,itseconomystillhasgreatpot,andthemarket-o,thereisanurgentneedforfurtherparticipationinthefinancialglobalizationforthesustainableeconomicdevelopmentofChina;ontheotherhand,"pathdependence"andthecomplexrealitydeterminesthatintheglobalenvironmentofincreasingeconomicuncertainties,attentionshallbepaidtothesecurityofstatefinanceandeconomywithfurtherparticipationinthefinancialglobalization,,simplychoosingthestrictfixedexchangerateofsinglecurrencypegorselectingafullyfloatingexchangerate(polarsolution),,itisntsuitableforChinatocarryoutthestrictfixedexchangerateregime,norisChinaqualifiedtoactasthekeyintern,贵宾棋牌贵宾厅重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,sInternetofThingsIndustryIsInInitialStageandHasGoodBasisforDevelopmentCurrently,ChinaisoneofthefewcountriesintsInternetofthingsindustry,whichisnowintheinitialstageofdevelopment,hascertainindustrial,,ields,suchastransport,citymanagement,powergrid,oilandnaturalgasproductionandtransport,medicalservice,,ChinahasenteredanewstagetoactivelydevelopInternolidenoughInChina,mostindustriesrelatedtoInternetoftope,theUnitedStates,JapanandSouthKorea,Chinalagsbehindinthefollowingfieldsintermsofresearch,,roductsanditsownresearch,,itis"stronginthemiddleandweakatbothends".Thismeansthegapisfairlysma,sensingchips,othersensingtechnologiesandindustries,high-endsoftwareproducts,algovernmentsandlackshigh-levelandoverallplanningTherearenoclearframeworks,pathsandprioritiesfortheindustry,theyalldosoontheirown,,someregionalgovernmentshaveformulatedplansforthedevelopmentoftheInternetofthings,nhavedrawnuppla,pmentofInternetofthingsindustryInstitutionalme,,namelythetelecomnetwork,theradioandtelevisionnetworkandtheInternet,,,theinformationsystemsare,,,usersarenotenthusiasticaboutcutt,,thenationaltrunkgridsareinvestedbytheStateGridCorporationofChina,butregionalgridshavethreeinvestors:gridcompanies,,investmentsareseparatedfromearnings,cyInternationalexperienceindicatesthattheapplicationoftheInternetofthingstechnologyisguidedbydemand,basedoncostefficiencyanalysisandorientedtowardenergyconservation,,however,thefeasibilitystudiesfortheapplicationoft,andmanyprojectsemphasizeinfrastructureconstructionandfixed-assetinvestment,,,thecostefficiencyanalysesfortheInternetofthingsprojectsgenerallycomprisethecostsandefficienciesarisingfromallinfrastructureinvestments,withfewofthemfocusingorialchainslinksTheInternetofthingsindustrycomprisesthelinksofthedesignofapplicationplans,theconstructionofprojects,themanufacturingofsupportiveequipment,,theInternetofthingsismainlyusedinafewindustriesandcitiesforpilotpractice,,theyemphasizeinternalintegration,involngapplicationoftheInternetofthingstechnologyhascreatedhigherd,theindustriessuchastheInternet,sensormakingandcloud-computingservicestillc,theirdistributionisscattered,,andtheirgeneralservicecapacitiesareweakinsoftware,hardware,networking,platform,,interfacesareinsufficient,,personalprivacyprotectionandf,China,technologicalandapplicationbases,isformingawholesystem,,thescopeisnarrow,thescaleissmall,thesupportisweak,thecoretechnologieshavetobeimported,thestandardshavenotbeenestablished,thetransmissionfrequencyresourcesareinsufficient,thenetworkinformationsecurityandpersonalprivacyprotectionareyettobesolved,therearenooverallplanningandrationaldistribution,andlow-levelrepeatedconstructionandblindinvestmentarerampant.ByZhangLiangGuShuzhong,ResearchInstituteofResourcesandEnvironmentPoliciesResearchReportNo193,2011Extre,theincreasinglyglaringcontradictionbetweenrtagehasbecometheworstbottleneckimpairingurbandevelopmentandperformanceofBeijinguaranteewatersupplyinBeijing(1)Theamountofper-capitawaterresour,,calculationindicatesthattheamountofannualper-capitawaterresourcesisonly107cubicmeters,beingmuchlowerthantheinternationallyacknowledgedannualper-capitawatershortagecordonof1,000cubicmetersand,withtheever-increasingnumberofpermanentresidents,theamountofper-capitawaterresourceswillcontinuetodecrease.(2)Theamountofprecipitationandotherwatersuppliesareinseriousshortsup~2010was475millimeters,(ndgroundwaterresources),,theamountofaverageannualprecipitationhasdecreasedby20%inrecent11years,thetotalamountofwaterresourceshasdroppedby44%,thevolumeofentrywaterhasreducedby77%andtheamountofwaterresourcesfromMiyunReservoirandGuantingReservoirhasdecreasedby79%.Asaresult,theamountofusablewaterresourceshasdecreasedsharply.(3)Groundwaterresourceshavebeenoverlyextractedandtheamountofurban,Huairou,PingguandChangpingDistri,thegroundwaterlevelwasabout10metersdeepundergroundandthewaterlevelhasdroppedanannualaverageof3~beenobserved,,inwatersupplysecuritywillcontinuetoincreaseinBeijingduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodThe12thFive-YearPlanperiodwillbethemostdifficultperiodforwatersupplyinthehistoryofBeijingand,inparticular,thehardshortfall,thatduring2011~~,~,andt~,~etersrespectivelyin2009and2010that,throughsuchmeasuresascontinuingtooverlyextractgroundwater,drawingonMiyunReservoirandwideningtheuseofregeneratedwater,therewillstillbeahardshortfallof450millioncubicmetersinwatersupplyanddemandinthe6urbandistrictsofBeijing,ofwhichtheyearlywatershortageduring2011~2014willreach370million,380million,undertheSouth-NorthWaterDiversionProject,with800millioncubicmeterstobedistributedtotheurbanareas,butifextractionofemergencywaterresourcesisstopped,thetapwatersupplywellsareconservedandtheself-supplywellsarereplaced,,hewatersupplyrestraintswillbecomeallthemoreconspicuousWhenlocalwaterresourcesbecomelesscapableofmeetingwaterdemand,transferringwaterfromotherplac,Beijingsuccessivelytransferredwatertwicefromotherprovinces,withthefirsttransferfromHebeiwith200millioncu,Beijinghasponedfrom2010to2014,thediversionofwaterresourcescannotbeconductedonalargescalein3~5yearstime,therefore,transferringwaterfro,whendeterminingtransferprices,i,andrelevantecologicalcompensationswerenotgiventoplacesofwatersupply,thelocalinterestsweredirectlyimpaired,,HebeiandShanxiarewater-starvedprovinces,whicharesufferingfromwatersupplyshortfalls,thus,thetwoprovinceshavemuchdifficultytransferringwatertoBeijing,rojectsandwater-guzzlingprojectshavenotbeencontainedeffectivelyOnonehand,whennewly-builtprojects,afterdemonstrationanalysis,areputforwardforexaminationandapproval,,andtherelatedindicatorsareincomplete,plus,project-conductingunitsevadeexaminationsandfalselyreportwater-consumptioninformationnowandthen,incurringforcedwatersupplyaftertheprojectshavebeenstarted,,incaseofseriouswatershortage,s,intermsoftheservicesector,thenumberofso,000bathcenters,175golfcourses,22skiresortsandmorethan9,000carwashcentersinBeijingconsume10%orsoofthecitysyearlywaterconsumption.ByQinZhongchun,ResearchDepartmentofRuralEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo179,2012(Total4181)sCultivatedLandResourcesSincethereformandopeningup,Chinaseconomicandsocialprogresshasdevelopedcontinuouslyandrapidly,,Chinahasat,arelativelycompletepolicysystemhascurrentlycomeintobeingand,withthelandmanagementlawastheprincipalpart,thesaidsystemtakestheoverallplanforlandutilizationandtheutilizationcontrolasthemeansandadoptsastheinstrumentsthebasicfarmlandpreservationsystem,therequisition-compensationbalancesystem,thelanddevelopment,rearrangementandreclamationpoliciesaswellasthecultivatedlandpreservation,dlandresourcesandsuchmeasuresarebeingmadeincreasinglystrict,basicsupplyofcultivatedlandresourcesforfoodproductionandforothercropproductionsisafoundationforhandlingtherelationshipsbesedbytherapidexpansionofindustrializationandurbanization,Chinahasimplementedarigorouscultivate,Chinahasunveiledregulationsrestrictinganyw,thegovernmenthasformulatedandimplementedtheOverallPlanforLandUtilization,(15mumakeonehectare)ofarablelandbytheyear2020,andhastakenthisobjectiveasa"redline"thatmustbedefendedtenaciouslyandbroughtittoeffectineveryyear,atpresent,thecultivatedlandresourceshavebeenwellpreservedonthewhole,andthesupplyofarablelandresourcesforfoodsafetyhasbeenbasicallyguaranteed,,thankstothepreservationofthecultivatedlandresources,Chinasgrainacreagehasmountedupsteadily,andthecountryendedonthestate-formulatedOverallPlanforLandUtilization(2006~2020)tomapout,theyhavedrawnupvariouskindsofplansincludingregionaldevelopmentplansandurbandevelopmentplpreservation,theprovincesandmatedlandresourcesTherequisition-compensationbalanceofcultivatedlandresourcesisoneofthemostimportantmanagementmeasu,remarkableresultshavebeenachievedunderthesystem,notonlyprovidingvaluablespacefortheaccelerationofurbanization,butalsoeasingtoacertainextentthepressurecausedbynon-agriculturallan,thenati,200millionmuoflandresourcesofvarioustypeswererearranged,reclaimedanddevelopedwithgreatefforts,andthearablelandresourceswereincreasedby31millionmu,,betteringtheconditionsforagriculturalproduction,suchasfieldirrigationworks,networksofforestsandroads,improvingthequalityofthearablelandresourcesandlayingasol,currentlyvariouslocalitiesareseekingself-balanceormakinglandadjustmentwithotherlocalitiesmainlythroughexploitationofunutilizedlandonamassivescale,throughrenovationofsomepoorarablelandresourcesavailableinruralareasandthroughsupplementationandincreaseofarablelandresourcestoprovidelandquotasfornon-ag,inaccordancewiththepolicyof"supplementingarablelandresourcespriortolandoccupationforconstructionpurposes","supplementingthearablelandresourcesequivalenttothoseoccupiedfornon-agriculturalconstructionpurposes"and"makingarequisition-compensationbalance",relevantdepartmentsoflandandresourcesofvariouslocalitiesmakeinvestigationsandsetuplandrearrangementprojectsand,inthelightofthestate-issuedarablelandoccupationplansfornon-agriculturalconstructionandthearablelandsupplementationplans,,organizetheconstructionoftheprojectsaccordingtotheconstructionprojectmanagementmeasuresandexercisesupervision,ementedarablelandandimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarableland,:First,theyhavepeeledthearablelayersoffthelandoccupiedbynewly-increasedroadsandditchesinthefieldsforconstructionworks,thefarmlandoccupiedbycentralvillagesorcompactcommunities,andslopelandrenovatedintoterracedfields,andmovedthepeeled-offfertilesoiltonewarablelandtoimprovethequalityofnewly-increasedarablelandandincreasethesoilfertility;second,throughcomprehensiveimprovementofthefields,waterresources,roads,woodsandvillagesintheprojectareas,theyhaveimprovedmedium-andlow-yieldfields,renovatedslopelandintoterracedfields,transformeddampfieldsandbuiltdrainageandirrigationcanalsandditches;andthird,basedonthestandardof100yuanforeachmuofnewly-increasedarableland,theagriculturaldepartmentshaveconductedsoil-testingformula-fertilizationintheprojectareasand,tomeettherequirementforagriculturalindustrializationafterthecompletionofprojects,haveputforwardsoilimprovementreportsandhavetestedthesoilimprovementaftercompletionoftheprojects.ChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystem(CESS),InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourcesResearchReportNo16,2013(Total4265)Inrecentyears,laborshortageandthedifficultyinrecruitingworkershavebecometheincreas,inparticular,theslowdownoftheeconomicgrowthhasaggravatedthepressureonenterprisesinemployingworkersand,meanwhile,thedeclineoftheindustrialinvestmentgrowthhasreducedenterprisesusingthelaborforceandtounderstandwhatwillhappeninthefuture,CESSconductedaquestionnairesurveyonlaborrecruitmenteveryquartersince2012,oraterepresentatives,andstratifiedrandomsamplingwasconductedamongdifferentindustriesonthebasisofChina,with1,,thisreport,whilereferringtoerstwhileCESSdata,makespacketanalysisofthreemajoreconomicareas,namely,theYangtzeRiverDeltaArea,thePearlRiverDeltaAreaandtheBeijiitingworkers:First,thelaborcostcontinuedtorise,inwhichthemonthlypayofbothaverageandtechnicalworkersincreasedonaquarterlybasis;Second,enterprisesstillfounditdifficulttorecruitworkers,,ononehand,in2012thenumberoflaborrecruitmentplansofenterprisesreducedonaquarterlybasis,andtheplanswereaimedatalargerproportionofrecruitsaged18~30,includingemployees,highschool(technicalsecondaryschoolandvocationalschool)graduatesandmaleemployees;ontheother,in2012thelaborshortagewasbeingalleviatedonaquarterlybasisandwasfurtheralleviatedamongenterprisesintheYangtze,/3oftheenterprisesplantoincreaseworkerswagesinthefirstquarterof2013,%;,thoseinBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea,largeenterprises,state-ersitygraduatesthanmigrantworkers,,riseinlaborc,015entrepreneursshowsthat,withregardtothemajorproblemhamperingthedevelopmentofenterprisesatthepresenttime,%oftheenterprisesmadethechoiceof"riseinlaborcost",rankingtopamong19choices,,%oftheenterprisesthoughtlaborcostrosehigherin2012thanin2011,being87percentagepointshigherthanthosethinkingthelaborcostwas"reduced".Intermsofregion,laborcostofenterprisesintheYangtzeRiverDeltaAreaandinthePearlRiverDeltaArearosehigherthanthatofenterprisesintheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea;intermsofscale,laborcostofmedium-sizedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatoflargeandsmallenterprises;intermsofeconomictype,laborcostofforeign-fundedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatofstate-ownedandnon-state-ownedenterprises;inaddition,laborcostofexpo%oftheenterprisesthoughtthemonthlypayofaverageworkersamountedto2,%ofthemthoughtthemonthlypayoftechnicalworkerscameto4,000yuanorabove,%%respectivelyinthesecondquarter,%%%and36%,themonthlypayofaverageworkersshowedanupwardtrendonaquarterlybasis;themonthlypayoftechnicalworkersdroppedslightlyinthefirstthreequartersandroseinthefourthquarter(Tables12).Table1 WagesofAverageWorkersatPresent(%)20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByTianJietang,ResearchTeamof"TransformingGrowthModelthroughTechnologicalAdvanceandInnovation",DepartmentofTechno-EconomicsResearchofDRCResearchReportNo205,2010ChinassoftwareindustryinrecentyearshasbeendevelopingexceptionallyfastandplayingimportantrolesinChina,thisindustrysdevelopmentalsoplaysirreplaceablerolesinenhancingindustrialinformatizationasElectronicInformationIndustryDuetotheimpactoftheinternationalfinancialcrisis,Chinaselectronicinformationindustryin2009metdifficultiesindevelop%to5,%to2,,China%%%industrialshare,thesoftwareindustryhasbecomethemostpowerfwthIn2009,,%%sservicetradeexportpostedadramaticdecline,its,up35%,a10,000-square-meterlandspacecanattract1,000softwareengineersinindustrialbuildingsorinstandardpla,,whichisequivnassoftwarei,,theaverageprofitrateofChinassoftwareenterprisesisonly7%~8%,whichisfarlowerthanthe20%,thecorebusinessrevenueoflistedenterprisesaccountsforonly10%~15%ssoftwareserviceindustryasawholeis20%,whichisalsofarlowerthanthe40%profitrateinsomecountrieswheresoftwareindustryismature(quotedfromInvestinSoftwareIndustryWhenProspectsAreGoods,ChinaGuoxinWeeklyonTechnologicalIndustry,2008,9,1).TheInternationalDataCorporation(IDC),thesecondstageprojectmanagement,the,China,,andnearly70%~(IDC,WhitepaperonSoftwareCompanyGrowthRoadmap,2008,9).dustryCloudcomputingwillchange,itbreaksthetemporala,storage,broadban,theratioofasinglecomputerssystemsoftwareandintermediarycomponentsc,"cloudcomputing"service,sInnovationandDevelopmentChina,,,thegovernmentdepartmentshaveinTheresearchanddevelopmentofbasicsoftwareproducts,includingbothcoretechnologiesandsomekeygenerictechnologies,,i,theStateCouncilpromulgatedtheNationalPlanfortheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~"coreelectroniccomponents,high-endgeneralchipsandbasicsoftwareproducts"asoneofthe16majorresearchprojectsandenvisagedhea,,,ownedorsupportedbygovernmentdepartments,,whichhavebeentransformedintoenterprises,,,manyalliances,establishedwithgovernmentsupport,yImplementedChinasregiopatentedsoftware,insupportoftheNationalProgramontheLongandMedium-TermDevelopmentofScienceandTechnology2006~%respondentsbelievegovernmentprocurementpolicyhasbeenfullyimplemented,%believethepolicyisnottrulyimplemented,%eignproducts;somegovernmentsareslowinupdatingprocurementcataloguesandunabletokeepupwiththelatestmarketinformationaboutproductqualityandprices;,,corporatelitigationcostsareveryhigh,,theoutsourcingofinformationandbusinesshts,customersare,andgovernmentdepartmentsfaincernandfearaboutbusinessoutsourcingandimpededthedevelopmentofthesoftwareindustry....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、贵宾棋牌贵宾厅用户至上乐通lt118真人网投ByWangLiejunGongSen,ResearchDepartmentofSocialDevelopmentofDRCResearchReportNo50,2010Chinashouseholdregistersystemisnotonlyapopulationmanagementsystembasedonhouseholdregister,butalsoasystemonrightsdefinitionandinterestersystem,itisnecessarytobrieflyreviewtheprocessofthesystemsFunctionHasGraduallyShiftedfromRestrictingPopulationMovementtoProtectingLocalSocialWelfareInadditiontothegeneralfunctionsofpopulationmanagementandpublicordermaintenance,Chinashouseholdregistersys,thecouonandtoprotectthelimitedjobscreated,,formallyintroducedin1958,wasdesignedtostrictlyrestrictruralpopulation,itsfoodsupplybecameincreasinglysu,,,,"peasantworkers",thehouseholdregiemsandaspeasantsvirtuallyhadnosayinpolicymaking,ahostofwelfaresystemssuchasfullemployment,housing,medicalcare,education,nursingandold-agepensionweresubsequentlyestablishedtotargetonurbanresidentsonly,whorepresentedasmallproportionofChinaspopulationatthetime(LinYifuetal:ChinasMiracle:DevelopmentStrategyandEconomicReform,TrinityBookstoreShanghaiBranch,1996;CaiFang:ChinasCityDevelopmentinTransition–CityLevels,FinancingCapacitiesandMigrationPolicies,EconomicResearch,,2003).Asthisprocesswashighlypath-dependentandself-reinforcing,,andpartlytoregionalgovernments,afterthemid-1980swhenthehouseholdregistersystemceasedtoperformthefunctionofrestrictingruralpopulationsmigrationtourbanareas,thesystemsmainfu:,,othermeansoflivelihoodandjobswerenolon,,thismainlinebegantohaveanewcontent:gister,whichwas,inasense,,nowpubliclydiscussed,mainlyreferstothelatter.(1)Thereformofsmalltownhouseholdregistersyst,featuringtheliberalizationofhouseholdregisterqualifications,,thedevelopmentofruralenterprisespromptedrurallabortorapidlymovetosmalltowns,andsmalltownsalsoneededtoexpa,smalltownhouseholdregisterofferedlesssocial,thestatebegantoallowpeasantstoworkandliveinsmalltowns(excludingcountytowns)(thelandmarkpolicydocumentwastheNoticeoftheStateCouncilonAllowingPeasantstoSettleDowninSmallTowns).Aftersomeupsanddowns,anation,theGuidelinesforPromotingtheReformoftheSmallTownHouseholdRegisterSystemwerepromulgatedtowidenareasforpea,thequalificationsforsmalltownhouseholdregisterwereto"havelegalpermanentresidenceandstablejoborsourceofincome".Inpractice,"legalpermanentresidence"becamethemainqualification,whichgraduallyevolvedinto"housepurchaseforhouseholdregister".Ashousepricesinsmalltownswerenothigh,speciallyintherealestatesector,butalsohelpedsolvetheseparationofmigrantrural,smalltownshavefailedtoincreasejobsbyabigmargin,moreandmoreeconomicandsocialpolicieshavebeenintroducedinfavorofruralareas,potentialcompensationsforlandexpropriationshavebecomerelativelyhigh,andthepeasantswhohaveacquiredur,smalltownhouseholdregisterhasgraduallylostitsappealtopeasants,andsomepeasantswhohaveacquireister,insteadofhouseholdregisteritself,thathavearealappeal.ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo001,2010Despitetheunprecedentedshockfromtheinternationalfinancialcrisisandtheseriousimpactofnaturaldisasters,Chinas,farmersincomerosefairlyfastforthesixthconsecutiveyear,moremigrantruralworkerswereemployed,ruralsocialundertakingsscoredmajorprogressindevelopment,ruralreformadvancedtangibly,andinpar,thegoodconditionsfacingagricultureandruralareasweremajorachievementsresultingfromtheeffortsmadebyvariousdepartmentsindifferentfields,whichprovidedasolidfoundationforfastandsteadyeconom,theworkconcerningagriculture,rformanceofag,inventoryisabundantandgrain-growingefficiencyislow,thetend,grainproductionwitnessedtwodrasticfallsagainstthebackdrop,signalsarenotstrongandnomeasuresaretakentoguaranteegrain-growingacreage,grainproductionishigh,internationalgrainmarketisvolatileindemand-supplyrelationshipandChinacanhardlychangethef,akeypoingpolicyintroducedin,,China,byrelyingonoldfacilitiesfortoolongatime,hastomakealotofrenovations,,thecountrywillfinditdifficulttostabilizegrainproductioncapacities,,Chinashouldcarryoutfarmlandwaterconservancyworksinabigwayandinparticularitshoulddras,thecentra,allfarmlandwaterconservancyworks,,thestat,inbothabsoluteandrelativeterms,~2008period,farmers%%.,theruralpercapitanetincomewas5,153yuan,%,theurbanpercapitadisposableincomewas17,175yuan,%:1in2002,:,::,farmers%,%ofthe,thepricesoffarmproductsasawholefaceadownturnpressureandboththenumberofmigrantruralworkersandtheirwagelevelarediffi,Chinashouldfirstimplementpricepoliciestosupportcotton,pig,dairy,oilseed,sugarandothermajorproducts,andsecondcontinuetoencour,theiremployme,itistooearlytosaythereisan“overalllaborshortage”.However,thegovernmentshouldstrengthenservicesrequiredforfarmerstoseekemploymentoutsidetheirnativeplaces,Chinashouldincreasesubs,Chinashouldintensifysupportforfarmersintheoldrevolutionarybases,ethnicareas,hankstothestatepolicytoboostruralconsumption,ruralconsumerdemandbecamevisiblyhigherin2009,withtheretailofconsumergoodsbeipossessionofmainconsumerdurableswasfarlowerthanintheirurbancounterparts,surbanpersonalconsumptionstructureindicatethatruralconsumptionisswitchingfromfoodandclothingtohousingandtransportationandther,theruralsaleofhomeappliances,esshouldberaised,theirvarie,supportingfarmerstobuildhomesandimprovehousingco,ruralhousingconsumptionwasabout500billionyuan,%oftotalruralconsumption,%,,thecentralfinanceallocated4billionyuantosupport800,,,homesarestrawandclaystructures,,nandthedevelopmentofdecoration,homeappliance,furniture,“ruralnewhomeproject”islaunchednationwideandifruralroad,watersupply,drainage,sewagetreatment,garbagetreatment,methanegeneration,gassupply,heatsupplyandotherscientific,educational,culturalandhealthfacilitiesareconstructed,itwillgreatlyimprovetheruralenvironmentf,HebeiandZhejiangProvincesaswellasTibetAutonomousRegionhavemadethefirstmoveinthisrespectandaccumulatedexperienceinsupportingruralhousingconstructionwithcredit,buildingmaterial,land,,Tibetb,over200,000familieshavemovedintonew,eParty,conditionsareadequateforChinatolaunchadriveforruralhomeconstruction,whichcanbetakenasanimportantleveragetoexpandruraldem,,power,roadandgassystemsshouldbeimprovedandruralinformationtechnologyapplicationshouldbepromotedinabigway,anewroundofruralpowergridtransformationshouldbelaunched.ByHanJun,CuiChuanyi,HeYupeng,QinZhongchunWangBinResearchReportNo105,idanceandservicetofarmer-workerstoworkinurbanareasandreasonablyguidefarmer-workworkinginurbanareasduringindustrializationupgradingbydevotingmajoreffortstodevelopingindustrialclusters,ructioninruralareas,facilitatetheshiftoflabor-intensiveindustriestocentralandwesternregions,promotestructuraladjustmentandindustrialupgradingamongtownshipenterprises,supportthegrowthofprocessingindustriesofagriculturalproducts,nurturenewsectorsofgrowthforruralserviceindustries,vigorouslydevelopleisureagriculture,ruraltourismandforesttourism,developruralrealestateandexpandspacefornon-agriculturalemploymeferentialmeasuresintermsofcredit,taxandlandtofarmer-workersforthemtostartbusinessesbackintheirhometownsandpromoteemploymentthroughbusinessstartuptobringalongtheshiftofrurallaborersandtoformasoundinteractionbetweenbo,simplifyexaminationandapprovalproceduresandprovide“one-stop-shop”servicestomakeitcometownsandusethefundsasloaninterestsubsidyforfarmer-workersdutilization,developtheconstructionofindustrialparksinlinewithlocalconditionedbythestateandlocalgovernmentstosupportthegrowthofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,non-publiceconomicserviceindustries,agriculturaldevelopment,processingindustriesofagriculturalproductsandhi-techenterprisesandcalloffbusinessadminister-workersStrengthengovernmentpublicemploymentinformationservices,advanceinformationlinkageamongpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsinvariousprovinces,municipalitiesandregionsandbetweenpublicemploymentserviceinstitutionsininner-provincecities,countiesandtownships,strengthentheconstructionofinfrastructureforsocialsecurityandemploymentatgrassrootslevels,strengthentheconstructionofgovernmentpublicserviceinformationplatforms,enhancethegovernmentinformationreleasesystemonemploymentguidanceandguiderurallaborers,suchasemploymentguidance,skilltraining,servicesforbusinessstartup,protectionguidanceandeducationamongthechildren,nhancethecoordinationbetweengovernmentemploymentdepartmentsofplacestransmittingoracceptinglaborservicesandtoconductionwithallsectorsofthecommunitytojointlysetuppublicemploymentinformationserviceplatformsandprovidefarmer-workerswithemploymentserviceswiththeaidofmoderncommunication,eemploowardfarmer-workersPublicemploymentserviceagenciesatalllevelsshizetheexchangeandsharingofpublicemploymentserviceresources,towidenchannelsforfarmer-workerstofindjob,extendurbannetworkstowardtownshipsandadministrativevillagesandprovideemployingunitsandjob-matizationoflaborrecord,laborinspectionandmanagementoflabordisputemediationandarbitrationtoearnestlysafeguardfarmer-workersogiesChildrentoGotoSchoolandforFarmer-workerstoEnjoyMedicalCareandParticipateinSocialInsuranceandAcceleratetchildrentoreceivecompulsoryeducationAdheretotheprincipleofrelyingmainlyonpublicschoolsofplaceswheeivedbyfarmer-workerschildrenunderthepubliceducationsystemandrationallyplantheoverallarrangementsanddevelopmentoftheschoolsaccordingtothenumber,distributionandchangeoffarmer-workersdleandprimaryschoolstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtofarmer-workersnsinfullamounttopublicschoolstakinginfarmer-workerschildrenaccordineandadopteffectivemeasurestoimproveschoolconditionsinregionswherealargenumberoffarmer-workersareacceptedandeducationalresourcesareinsufficientandtheCentralTreasurywillrewardthoseprovfferedtoschoolsundercivilianauspicesthathavebeenentrustedbythegovernmentstoprovidecompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrants,financialsubsidieswillbeaddedtothepublicfundsofschoolsaccordingtothenumberofschoolstudentsandstudentsofschoolsundercivilianauspiceswillbeexemptedfrommiscellaneousfeesaccordingtothestandardratesforndschoolandresolutelycorrectsuchdiscriminatorypracticesascollectionofvarioussortsoffeesincludingtemporaryschoolingfeeandsponsorshipfromchildrenoffarmer-workers,soastoenabletheoverwhelmingmajorityoffarmer-workersmakeexplorationsaccordingtolocalconditionsintothecontinuouseducationtobeprovidedtofarmer-workersforhighschoolsandincollegeentranceexaminations,probeintomeasurestoseparatetheschoolrollfromthehouseholdregisterandletthechildrenoffarmer-workershavetherightstositforentranceexaminati,setupthetransferpaymentandsubsidysystemforprovidingcompulsoryeducationtochildrenofmigrantfarmer-workers,graduallyincreasesubsidiesprovidedbytheCentralTreasurytochildrenofmigrantsfortheireducation,stepuptheproportionoftheinvestmentfromtheCentralTreasuryincompulsoryeducationandconsolidatethesupporttoschoolsa,specifyresponsibilitiesofgovernmentsatalllevelsincompulsoryeducation,listthecompulsoryeducationfundsformigrantsincludingfarmer-workerschildrenasthebudgetaryeducationfundsofplaceswheremigrantsstay,appropriatepubliceducationfundsonanaveragebasistoschoolsaccordingtotheactualnumberofschoolstudentsandsetupthefundraisingandguaranteeingmechanismofcompulsoryeducationatroot.、DVORLiangYangchunXiaoQingwenByLiangYangchun,ResearchDepartmentofIndustrialEconomyofDRCXiaoQingwen,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo45,sIronandSteelIndustryandNecessityforRestructuringofIronandSteelIndustryinShandongProvinceChina,whichstoodatonly128milliontonsin2000,begantogrowatanannualrateofmorethan20%%,%in2008,%,itscrudesteeloutputreached626milliontons,%,itsurbanizationprocesswillgain,spercapitasteelconsumptionisfarbelowthelevelsoftheUnitedStates,Japan,Sossteelindustryasawholewillcontinuetogrow,willslideto5%~10%.Atanaverageannualgrowthrateof5%,srealGDPgrowthcontinuestobefastinthisperiod,itscrudesteeloutputislikelytoriseatanannualrateofmorethan5%.ThesteelindustryisanepitomeofChinasheavyindustryindustry,whichhasoveremphasizedscaleexpansioninrecentyears,,,,,,howShandongssteelindustrywillrestructureitselfandpursueahealthydevelopmentwill,,thatabout16%ofthee,,onlyabout20%ofproductioncapacitiesarelocatedincoastalareas,,t,nomajorgandtransformation,itisimperat,Shandongfactorinput,,Shandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsregionaldistribution,andmo,ShandongssteelindustrymustadjustitsproductstructuresothatthegeneralandbsironandsteelindustryAsShandongssteelindustrywasnotedforamonotonousproductstructureandanirrationalratiobetweenplatesandpipes,therelevantinstitutionsinShandongdesignedapreliminary,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentpromulgatedtheGuidelincitiesofthesteelenterprisesincoastalareaswillrisefrom18%in2006tomorethan50%,buildingalargehigh-end,theShandongProvincialPeoplesGovernmentissuedthePlanfortheAdjustmentandRejuvenationofShandongsSteelIndustry(2009~2011).Accordingtotheplan,theprovincescrudesteeloutputwillbecontrolledatabout50milliontonsby2011,theenterpriseswillbereorganized,theoutdatedproductioncapacitieswillbeeliminated,andtheShandongIronand,industrialdistributionwillfocusoncoastalareas,,itn,ShandongProvinceisactivelystrivingtobecomeapi,itisdesignedtoeliminateoutdatedproductio,theprovincess,it,coastalareaswillaccountformorethan40%oftheprovincesproductioncapacitiesandmorethan30%oftheprovince,itisdesignedto,thegroup,,theproductioncapacitiesofJinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanymustbesuppressed,,ShandongIronandSteelGrou,ShandongIronandSteelGroupCompanywil,QingdaoIronandSteelCompanymustberelocatedfrom,JinanIronandSteelCompanyandLaiwuIronandSteelCompanywillgraduallyrelocatetheirremainingproductioncapacitiestocoastalareas.ByWuZhenjun,DRCTaskForceonPoliciesofIssuesofAgricultureResearchReportNo32,oductsBygivingplaytothecharacteristicsoftheresourcesandadvantagesoftheproductivebasesofitsdifferentregions,theprovinceofYunnanhasgivenscashcropsreached42millionmuin2010(15mumakeonehectare)andanoverallarrangementofrawmaterialbasesofcompetitiveagriculturalprod,theprovincehascementedandenhanceditscompetitiveindustrieswithtraditionalcharacteristics,suchastobacco,,,000tons,rank,~~20milliontons,withboththecultivatedareaandtheoutputmakingup16%orsoofthenationaltotal,,,%ofthenationaltotal,rankingtopinthecountry,andtheteaoutputhadreached207,000tons,%ofthenationaltotal,,theprovincehasacceleratedthed,thecultivatedareaofflowersinYunnanreached581,000mu,rankingfirstinthecountry,andtheoutputoffreshcutflowersrankedtopinthecountry,,thecultivatedareaofcoffeeinYunnanreached646,000mu,withaproductionof49,000tons,makingupmorethan99%and98%recentyears,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationhasincnhavebeenbroughtupandtheg,thenumberofleadingenterprisesofagricultureindustrializationreached2012inYunnanandthenumberofvariouskindsoffarmproduceprocessingenterprisesabovethedesignatedsizereached1,omeinvolvedindistinctiveandcompetitiveindustries,fosteringenterpriseclusterswithdistinguishingfeatures,theto,344foreignenterprisesandover400enterprisesfromotherprovinceshavecometoYunnanforcultivation,breedingandprocessingofagriculturalproducts,whichwillfurtherpromotetheoveralllevelofthelorganizationlevelThenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationshasincreasedrapidlyinYunnaninrecentyears,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalco-operativeorganizationswidelyscatteredinvariousagriculturalindustries,suchastobacco,sugarandcoffee,hadincreasedto10,,,thenumberoffarmersprofessionalcooperativesregisteredatindustrialandcommercialauthoritieshadincreasedto7,lightoftheguidingprincipleof"VigorousGovernmentMotivation,CorrectMarketGuidance,ImpetusbyLeadingEnterprisesandActiveParticipationbyFarmers",theprovinceofYunnanhasdevotedmajoreffortstostartingtheconstructionofagriculturalstandardizationsyste,Yunnanhadformulatedandpromulgatedatotalof1,152localagriculturalstandardsandcriteria,,Yunnanhasconstructedatotalof134standardizationdemonstrationprojects,chcompetitiveanddistinctiveagriculturalindustriesascoffee,silkworm,flowers,youngforestplantsandspiceoil,,Yunnandevelopedatotalof4,658tobaccocooperativesand240,000productionhouseholds,,%oftheprovincialtotal,andrealized100%,suchprefecturesandmunicipalitiesasLincang,Dehong,PuerXishuangbannaandWenshanofYunnanhavevigorouslydevelopedsugarcanecultivationvillagesandteams,,,with57cultivationvillagesand154teamsbuilt,ofwhich,,coveringanareaof434,000mu,%.sputfortheffortstoadvancetheconstructionofthefarmproducecirculationmarket,improvedthemarketservicefunctions,initiallysetupthemodernfarmproducecirculationplatform,enhancedtheefficiencyoffarmproducecirculationandresolved,toacertainextent,thedifficultyfacingfarmers,cooperativesandagriculturalenterprisesinmarket"buyingandselling".Firstly,,Yunnanhassetupanaccumulativetotalof15,,Yunnanhadsetup213,000ruralcommercialnetworksunderthecountyleveland2,600farmersmarketshavebeenlistedasthestate-level"Double-HundredMarketProjects"(therenovationof100large-scaleagriculturalproductswholesalemarketsandthecultivationof100agriculturalenterprisesforcirculation-notesaddedbythetranslator).Yunnanhasinitiallyformedthemarketsystemwithwholesalemarketsplayingtheleadingrole,regionalmarketsasthemainstay,urbanandruraltrademarketsasthebasisandlarge-,,rmproducecold-chainsystem,theretraceablequalitysafetysystem,logisticsanddistributioncenters,inspectionandtestingcenters,safetymonitoringcenters,sewageandwastetreatmentcenters,,Yunnanha,thecommercialdepartmentsofYunnanhaveactivelyorganizedandstartedtheconnectionofagriculturalproductswithsupermarkets,enablingmorefarmproducecirculationenterprises,farmersco-operativeorganizationsandsupermarketstoparticipateintheaforesaidconnection,soastoimprovetheefficiencyinfarmproducecirculation.ByHanJun,DevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncilResearchReportNo210,2012(Total4212)alCongressoftheCommunistPartyofChina,Chinahasmaderemarkableprogressinissuesrelatingtoagriculture,soverallagriculturalproductivityhasincreasedsubstantially,farmerslivingstandardshavebeensignificantlyraised,importantheadwayhasbeenmadeinmodernizingagricultureandbuildingsocialistnewruralareas,andthebalancebetweenvelopmentwasatitsbest,,achievementsrelatingtoagriculture,ruralareasandfarmersaremainlydemonstratedinthefollowingfiveaspects:,Chinasgrainoutputhasincreasedcontinuouslyfor9years,,,,oil,sugar,meat,eggsandmilkhavemadeanewbreakthrough,aincomeDuetothecombinedeffectofvariousfactors,,theaverageannualgrowthhasexceeded8%.Farmersincomestructureexperiencedremarkablechanges,withthesourcesofincomegrpercapitanetincomeincreasedfrom36%in2005to41%in2010;between2005and2010,theaveragecontributionofwageincometofarmers%.Ruralmigrantworkerscontinuouswageincoincomegrowthandimprovementinruralmarketcirculation,andunderthenationalpolicytospurruralconsumption,ruralconsumptiondemandrosesignificantly,andfarmers,thetwoexemptionsandonesubsidypolicy(liesfrompayingtuitionandmiscellaneousfees,andtoprovidelivingsubsidiesforboarders)concerningruralcompulsoryeducationhasbeenfullyimplement,thethreesystems,namelythenewruralcooperativemedicalsystempilotedin2003,theminimumsubsistenceallowancessystemfullyestablishedin2007andthenewruralpensionschemepilotedin2009,realizedfullcoveragein2012;othersocialsecurityschemessuchasruralfiveguarantees(,clothing,housing,medicalcareandburialexpensesforold,weak,orphaned,widowedordisabledruralresidentswhoareunabletoworkandhavenofamilysupport.)alsorapidlydevelopedandadvanced;withtheimplementationofgovernmentresponsibilityinruralresidentssocialsecurity,wishesoverthepastthousandsofyears,,beingprovidedforatoldage,beingproperlytreatedwhenill,andbeingassistedwhileindifficultcircumstances,,notableprogressismadeinconstructionofwater,electricity,roads,,benefitingfarmers,andenrichingruralareasFirstly,inordertoguaranteefoodmarketsuppliesandsecuregraingrowersbenefits,theStatehasi,inresponsetothepricedecreaseanddifficultsaleofcertainagriculturalproducts,temporaryprocurementandstoragemeasureshavebeentakenforcorn,soybean,,,the,subsidycategorieshaveextendedtopaddyrice,wheat,corn,rape,cotton,potatoes,peanuts,highlandbarley,pigs,,subsidiesforgrowingimprovedvarietiesofpaddyrice,wheat,,inordertoaccelerateagriculturalmechanization,subsidiesforpurchaseofagriculturalmachineryandtoolswereestablished,farmerswhopurchasedadvancedagriculturalmachineryandtoolswouldbegrantedsubsidies,andcategoriesofsubsidizedagriculturalmachineryandtoolskeptincreasing,,thecentralgovernmeofagriculturalcapitalgoodssuchasfertilizeranddiesel,in2006,thecentralgovernmentofChina,,,whichplayedasignificantroleinmobilizingfarmersinitiativetogrowgrainsandinpromotingcontinualannualincreaseingrainproductionandfarmersincome,,fromthepilotmeasuresmadein2000tooverallimplementationin2003andthentothecompleteabolishmentofagriculturaltaxin2006,ittook6yearsfortheagriculturaltaxreformtoterminatethe2600-year-oldpracticeofpayinggraintaxtothegovernment.Concomitantreformsoftownandtownshipgovernmentbodies,ruralcompulsoryeducation,countyandtownshipfinancialmanagementsystem,,ruraldebtdissolution,,in2004,gra,thereformintenureofcollectiveforestsmademajorbreakthroughs,andthereformgoalsofclearlydefiningthepropertyrightsan,ovincialgovernments,thefirststageofmanagementsystemreformwentthroughsuccessfullyforruralcreditcooperatives,nomicsectors,includingfarming,forestry,livestockhusbandry,side-occupation,fishery,theirrelatedproductions,processingandcommercializationactivities,,,significantprogresswasmadeinprotectingruralmigrantworkers,majorlawsandregulations,includingGuidelinesoftheStateCouncilonSolvingMigrantWorkersProblems,EmploymentPromotionLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChina,LaborContractLaw,SocialInsuranceLaw,LaborDisputesMediationandArbitrationLawandsoon,havebeensuccessivelypromulgated,andamendmentshavebeenmadetoRegulationsonWork-relatedInjuryInsurance,sothataproperlegalframeworkwasformedtoaddressruralmigrantworkersd,andmigrantworkersaccesstovocationalskilltraining,employmentguidance,socialsecurity,andsuchservicesaseducationoftheirchildren,familyplanning,diseasepreventionandsoonhavebeensignificantlyimproved.。

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