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意大利CQ9宙斯【krolicks.com】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。浙江继氯商贸有限公司(原新余绞速劳网络科技有限公司)成立于1994年,占地面积32656平方米,优乐官网娱乐app下载其中生产厂房占地3728平方米,仓库面积占地8376平方米。固定资产8404万元,流动资产0644万元,干部职工共853人,工程技术人员55人。意大利CQ9宙斯ByLaiYouwei,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo219,2012(Total4221)sLaborServiceDispatchingIndustryLaborservicedispatchingisotherwiseknownashumanresourcedispatch,talentdispatch,flexibleemploymentandisbasicallycharacterizedby"recruitmentbyservicedispatchingcompanieswithoutusingtherecruits"and"employersnotinvolvedinrecruitment".Servicedispatchingcompaniesaretherealemployersandundertakeresponsibilitiesasemployers,includingrecruitingemployees,handlingadmissionproceduresandsigninglaborcontractswithemployees;givingoutsalariesandsocialbenefitstoemployees;handlingsocialinsuranceandhousingfundforemployees;andattendingtoemployees,laborservicedispatchinghasnotlongexistedinChina,(FESCO)establishedin1979isinvolvedinpolicypersonneldispatch,andFESCOsservicesaremainlyaimedatworkingstaffsofforeignenterpri,someprofessionalintermed,alargenumberofpeoplewerelaidoffinChina,redundantlaborersappearedinlargenumbersinruralar,havingadaptedtotheenterprisesdemandforflexibleemployment,laborservicedispatchingindustrybroughtinlargenumbersoflaid-offworkersfromstate-ownedenterprisesandtookinmigrantworkers,,particularlysincetheimplementationoftheLaborContractLawonJanuary1,2008,therear-servicedepartmentsofsomestate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutionsandsomeforeignenterprisesbegantoemploylaborservicedispatchedworkersinlargenumbers,,therehavebeennoaccurateandauthoritativestatisticsaboutthetotalnumberofChineselaborservicedispatchedworkers,aytheMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecuritywas27million,whilethenu(regionsandmunicipalities)andfromnationwideindustrialunionsshowthatthenumbersearchOfficeofAll-ChinaFederationofTradeUnionsontherealizationofemploymentandeconomicrightsandinterestsamongworkersofcountrywideenterprisesrevealthatin2011thenumberofChineselaborservicedispatchedworkerstotaledabout37million,%ofthenationaltotal,andthatthenumberofservice%,laborservicedispatchedworkersaremainlymigrantworkers,urbanlaid-offworkers,universityandsecondarytechnicalschoolgraduatesandotherurbanpersonnel,,thelabndaryindustry,whilethetertiaryindustry,especiallysomeemergingindustriesrequiring,industriesemployingbignumbersoflaborservicedispatchedworkersincludeconstruction-relatedinstallation,telecommunications,postalservice,finance,insurance,petrochemical,port,power,tobacco,oil,waterconservancy,transportationandfood,ofwhichtheproportionoflaborservicedispatchedworkersemployedbytelecommunicationindustryhasreached40%ollowingreasonshavegiventractiontotherapiddevelopmentofChina,ialsocialgroupsCurrently,ChinasserviceresourcesfoveinChina,andsegmentationofregionalmarketsexistsinvaryingdegrees,makingitdiffic,somelaid-offandunemployedpeople,departmentsconcernedorganizethemtorealizeemploymentbywayoflaborservicedispatching,,manyuniversityandsecondarytechnicalschoolgraduateshavefosteredtheconceptoffindingjobsinvariouschannels,andtheywouldgetanemploymentfirstbeforeselectingajobsoastoaccumulateworkexperiencethroughlaborservice,somewell-educatedpeoplewhoarecompetentinfindingjobsacquireemploymentthroughlaborservicedispatchingtodowhattheylike,,thelaborservicedispatchingindustrywithanewtypeofindustrialrelationisplayingagoodpartofvitalimmediatesignificanceinboostingemploymentandimprovitowardimprovingtheabilitiesoflaborservicedispatchingcompanies,tighteningsupervisionoveremployingunitsandsafeguardinneedforrecruitingworkersEnterprises,largeorsmall,,itisimpossibletotrytocaptur,personnel-relatedsupportmustbeconstantlyacquiredfromoutsideforthedevelopmentofenterprises,"seekingserviceabilityinsteadofownership".Bymeansofthisflexiblewayofemployment,enterprisescanrealizetheimmediatesu,entrustinglaborservicedispatchingcompaniestosupplylaborservspoliciesandlawsandtomitigaterisksandbringdowntheoperatingcost,someforeign-fundedenterprisesdonotsetuphumanresourcesmanagementofficesbutcontractoutthisassignmenttolaborservicedispatchingcompanikersonaseasonalbasis,,laborservicedispatchingcaneffectivelymeettheemployingneedsofsomeenterprisesandcanreducetheoperatingcosts,,privately-operatedorforeign-fundedenterprisesallhaveinternalimpetustouselaborservicedispatchedworkers.ByXuanXiaowei,ResearchTeamon"AnIndicatorSystemforScientificDevelopmentEvaluation",DepartmentofDevelopmentStrategyandRegionalEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo93,"CoreIndicatorSystemforScientificDevelopmentEvaluation""coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"shouldbecenteredonthe"people-oriented"conceptConstructionofthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluationmustfundamentallyref,onemustfirstunderstandwhythe"people-oriented""people-oriented"conceptisattheheartofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentembodiesthefundamentaltheoryofMarxisthistoricalmaterialism,reflectsthePartysprimarypurposeofservingthe,canpeoplefullyandcorrectlyunderstandthescientificoutlookondeve"coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"mustbecenteredonthe"people-oriented"concept,andtomakeclearsinterestsindevelopment,adheretodevelopmentforandbythepeople,andtobringthebenefitofdevelopmenttoallthepeople,soastoenablethemassall-rounddevelopmentastheultimategoalofeconomicandsocialdevelopment;thereforeweshouldnotonlyfocusonpeoplesmaterialandculturalneeds,butalsoonboostingpeople,weshouldconstantlyendeavortoupliftpeoplesqualityandcapability,which,inturn,"People-oriented"and"Maslowshierarchyofneeds"Thefactthatthecoreofthescientificoutlookondevelopmentisthepeople-orientedconceptpointsouttheorientationandfundamental,whilethe"people-oriented"conceptprovidesonlytheorientationoftheevaluationsystem,westillneedtoma"Maslowshierarchyofneeds"toillustratetheconnotationsofthe"people-oriented"shierarchyofneeds,alsocalled"hierarchyofbasicneeds",isabehaviortheoryputforwardbyAmericanpsychologistAbrahamMaslowinapaperentitled"ATheoryofHumanMotivation",therearephysiologicalneeds,safetyneeds,loveandbelonging(needstobeinsocialgroups),esteem(needsforrespect),shierarchyofneedshasitsownlimitationsandwedontcompletelyagreewithMaslowsargumentthatdiverseneedsarehierarchical,hisviewsonclassificationofneedsaswellasthecontentsconcernedcanbeborrowedtoenrichthe"people-oriented"concept,providingvaluablereferencefor"FiveCivilizations","Five-AccessSociety"and"coreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation"Asclearlystatedabove,the"people-oriented"concept,whichisattheheartofthescientificoutlookondevelopment,providesthefundamentalprinciplefortheconstructionofthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluation,andwemayrefertoMaslowshierarchyofneedstoillustratethe"people-oriented",inwhatspecificwaysshouldthe"people-oriented"conceptbeimplementedHowcantheessenceoftheconceptbematerializedWhataretheprioritizedfieldsforthecoreevaluationsystemundercurrentcircumstancesBearingthesequestionsinmind,wewilldiscusstheoverallpictureandpressingissuesregardingthecoreindicatorsystemforscientificdevelopmentevaluationfromthetwoaspectsof"FiveCivilizations"and"Five-AccessesSociety".(1)"FiveCivilizations"encompassallthefieldscoeandpracticeintheprocessofChinayofChina(CPC),itwaspointedoutthatweshouldendeavortobuildsocialistspiritualc"aprosperous,strong,democraticandculturallyadvancedcountry"dinateddevelopmentofmaterial,politi,JiangZeminsetthedevelopmentofsocialistdemocraticpoliticsandconstructionofsocialistpoliticalcivilizationasthetforwardthegoalofpushingforwardcoordinateddevelopmentofsocial,economic,politicalandculturalconstruction,"ecologicalcivilization",political,spiritual,socialandecologicalcivilizations;theyinteractandmutuallyinfluenceeachother,,materialcivilizationreferstomaterialachievementsofmankindintheprocessoftransformingnature,,thefartherawaypeoplearefromthewilderness,andthelessdependanttheyareonnature,ctice,asr,policies,ntransformingtheobjectiveandsubjectiveworlds,,inthebroadsense,meanspeoplesenlightenedstateandprogressattained,thesumofhumanachievementsintransformingtheobjectiveandsubjectiveworlds,anintegrationofmaterial,politicalandspiritualcivilizations;inthenarrowsense,itisparallelwithmaterialcivilization,politicalcivilizationandspiritualcivilization,"socialcivilization"sachievementsinimprovingtheecologicalenvironmentbyfollowingthelawthatman,re,betweenpeoplethemselves,andbetweenindividualsandsociety,andstrivingforavirtuouscircle,,ecologicalcivilizationistheprerequisite,thematerialcivilizationisthefoundation,thepoliticalcivilizationistheguarantee,ilizationsisacorrectresponsetothedevelopmenttrendofhumansociety,andanothermilestoneinthePartyluationnecessitatesimplementationofthepeople-orientedconceptintheabove-mentionedFiveCivilizationswhichshouldincludeallfieldscoveredbythecoreindicatorsystem.。

    ,oftheinterviewedenterprises,25sawtheirsalesrevenuegrowingrapidly(byover10%),38sawtheirgrowingsteadily(by5%~10%),13sawtheirgrowingslowly(by0~5%)%,only1islistedand4arestate-owned,%%%oftheirtotalemployeesduring2007~2011,%,theave,9sawtechnicallevelsoftheirmanufacturingequipmentlivinguptointernationaladvancedlevelsand13sawtheirsreachingtheadvanceddomesticlevels,suggestingthatequipmenttechnologiesareofvitalimportancetoproductqualityandcompetitivepower,%ofthetextileenterprisesinChinawereshortofworkersinvaryingdegreesand,inthefirsthalfof2012,%,,17ofthe81surveyedtextileenterprisesthoughttheyhadsufficienthumanresources,yetmostoftheenterprisessaidthatitwasquitedifficultforthemtorecruitgeneralandtechnierelargeenterprises,%ofallsurveyedlargeenterprisesand,3ofthe9enterprisesalsomentionedtheyhaddifficultyrecruitingskilledworkersandthatthenewrecruitswerelesscapable,suggestingthatproblemslikelaborshortageandinabilitytoretainpersonnelexistatlargeandtheproblemsarenotmuch,6ofthe17enterprisesthatheldthattheyhadsufficienthumanresourcessawtheirsalesrevenueincreasingbymorethan10%inrecent3yearsand10sawtheirsupby5%~10%,%,suggestingthatenterpriseswithgoodbusinessperformancearelessboggeddowninseriouslaborsh,19weremedium-sizedandsmallandmicro-sizedenterprises,makingup76%,suggestingthatlargeenterprisesaremoreattractivetotalentedpeople.ByXuXiaoqing,LiQingWuZhenjun,TaskForceon"PolicyResearchontheSupplyandDemandChangesoftheMainAgriculturalProduct,CostPriceChangesandMarketRegulations",,2011ThenortheastregionisChinasmajorgrainp,,theprovinceofHeilongjiangsawitscommoditygrainraterisingto80%,itscommoditygrainoutputreaching80billionjin(twojinmakeonekilo),anditspercapitagrainpossessionbeing2,,theprovinceofJilinpostedacommoditygrainrateof81%,acommoditygrainoutputof48billionjin,andapercapitagrainpossessionof2,blemsregardingthegrainproductionandcirculationintheregionthisautumn,,(1)Therapidincreaseofround-grainednonglutinousrice(japonicarice)hasturnedthetwoprovincesintoChina,suchassettingfloorpricesforgrainpurchase,allowingtemporarypurchaseandstorage,offeringsu,thefloorpriceforthisricehasbeenraisedseveraltimes,subsidyhasbeenincreasedannually,andsubsidyhasbeenofferedforthetemporarypurchaseandstorageandsouthwardtransportoftheregion,,%ofthecountry%ofthecountry,thethreeprovincesinthenortheasthaveaccountedformorethan80%ofthecountry,theprovinceofHeilongjianghasclaimeda53%shareofthisgrowth.(2)Expandedsownareaand~2010period,(15mumakeonehectare).Andin2011,theprovince,,structureinputs(mainlyfarmlandandirrigationimprovementandgreenhouseseedlingcultivation),theaverageunitoutputis423kilogramsforthewholeprovinceand550~~800kilogramspermu.(3)ThenortheastregionhasbecomegrowinglyimportantinChina,China,,transportingthisriceoutoftheregion,whichhashelpedtheregion,thisregionsriceisconsumedin28provincialadministrativeprovinces(autonomousregions,municipalities).Besides,,,thegrowthofthedemandforround-grainednonglutinousricehasoutpacedthegrowthofthesupplyofthisriceinrecentyears,,grainenterprises,processingenterprisesandothermarketplayershavebeenmoreenthusiasticaboutricepurchaseandasare,farmersarenolongereagertosellgrainforcash,,(1),,%,%,weatherhasbeenlargelygoodinmostcorn-producingareas,exceptforabout650,000muinJilin(%oftheprovincescorn-growingarea).Second,,%,,,,theexpandedcorn-growingare,theNorthChinaregionandtheHuanghairegionhavesamecorn-gro,upmorethan3%yearonyear.(2),bothcorn-growingacreageandco,somehigh-latitudeaing,%higherthaninthepreviousyear,%,farmershavegrowncorneveninsomesloppyland,grassland,,theprovince%%over2000.(3),(CBOT),thepriceofcornfuturesrose60%1,from1,850yuanpertonto2,sticmarketdemandhasbeenstrong,,,%.Ourfieldsurveyindicatesthatthepurchasingpriceofcornproducedinthenortheastregion,,,thepurchasingpricethisyearrangedbetween2,100~2,200yuanperton(withstandardmoisture),up17%nthusiasticaboutcorngrowing.10-200米--Q1economicanalysisandyearlyoutlookfor2012DRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceAslightslowdownineconomicgrowthcontinuedintothefirstquarterof2012,aseinboththeinternationalanddomesticdemands,thedecelerationindicatestosom,certainpositivechangeshavetakenplaceintheworldeconomy,,structuraladjustmentandpricecontrol,itisnecessarytomaintainabasicallystableaggregatedemandpolicy,andatthesametime,launchamongothersareform-orientedsupplypolicytopromoteadjustmentsintheeconomicstructure;removeinstitutionalbarrierstoredressthedistortedresourceallocationandimproveefficiencyinoperation;pushforwardreforminbasicindustries,taptheunfulfilledpotentialingrowthandbuildthecapacityformoresustainableeconomicgrowth.Ⅰ.EconomicGrowthIsExpectedtoStabilizeFollowingaSlowdownDuringthefirsttwomonths,alowergrowthrateininvestment,consumptionandparticularlyevidentlyinexportanddestockingeffortsofenterprisesleadtoaslightslowdownineconomicgrowth,andalongwithit,,theworldeconomyshowssignsofrecovery,simportandexportgrowthslowedremarkablyinJanuaryandFebruary,%%,EuropeandJapangrewby12%,-%%%,%,2%%forexporttoLatinAmerica,ASEAN,AfricaandOceania,penedinternationaldivisionoflabor,thenationalorregionaleconomiesinteractwitheachotherinaprofoundwayanditishardlypossibleforthemajoreconomiestobe"disconnected",withanincreaseinitssizeandcontributiontotheglobaleconomicgrowth,theChineseeconomyisplayinganimportantroleindrivingforwardchangesintheworldeconomyandChinasdomsimportgrowthslowsdown,theexports,consumptionandemploymentofothercountrieswillbeaffected,,China%ofitstotal,thescaleofgeneraltradeisbiggerthanthatofprocessingtrade,privateenterpriseshaveincreasedtheirexports,theexternalandtheinternalimbalancesarealleviatedtosomeextent,andthetradesurplusinGDPhasdecreasedtolessthan3%.Changeshavsawadeclineinexports,,Chongqing,Henan,Anhui,,itisassociatedwiththeusualpracticeofforeigntradeenterprisestoimportmorethanex,,withunemploymentdecreased,householddebtratiofurtherreduced,consumerspendingcontinuingtogrow,realestatem,andthethree-monthaveragewasthehighestsince2008,,byinjectingliquiditythroughlong-termrefinancingoperations(LTRO),thoughitseconomicrecoverywasimpactedbypowershortageandYenappreciation,thecatalyticroleofpost-disasterreconstructionbecameprominent,a,variouscountriesbegantoeasetheirmacroeconomiccontroland,Chinashouldbeawarethatthepathtowardglobaleconomicrecoveryisstilltortuous,e,,developmentofemergingindustries,growthoftherealeconomyandmanyotherbasicissuesinthenearterm,an,theexportsofChinaareexpectedtoedgeuptoanannualgrowthrateof15%,higherthantheestimateof10%ymidyearAdecreaseindomest,,investmentinexpansionandreconstructionprojectsgrewatafasterpace,,duetoatimelaginpreviouslystartedconstructionprojects,realestateinvestmentmaintainedasignificantgrowth,butthefloorareasofhomesforsalewerearecordhi%,%,%ofthetotalinvestmentinfixedassetsandthusdecidedthegeneraltrendofinvestment.。

    澳门贵宾厅MG舞龙游戏LiuYunzhong,spatialregulation,theregionalplansgenerallyrefertotheoverallarrangementofthesocialandeconomicdevelopmentandcomprehensivelandregulationinaspeci,theyarestrategies,programsandpolicyoptionsformulatedandimp,someregionalplanshavebeenmadeintonationalstrategies,,,,theyarenationalstrategiesapproved,circulatedoradoptedthroughdiscussionsinrecentyearsbytheStateCouncil;second,theyhavetypicalorientationofregionaleconomy,targetingatspecifictypesofregions,ratherthananmasterplanforthewholecountry;andthird,theregionaldevelopmentplanningisdifferentfromthefive-yearplanfornationalsocialandeconomicdevelopment,,thenationalstrategicregionalplansdiscussedinthisarticledonotcoverthemasterplanforurbandevelopment,provincialurbanplanning,re,therewere78regionalplansandrelevantpolicydocumentsmadeintonationalstrategiesfromJune21,2005whenShanghaiPudongNewAreacomprehensivereformpilotprogramwasapprovedbytheStateCounciluptoSeptember6,2012whenNanshaNewAreawasapproved,excludingstrategiesorguidelinesforgreatregionsincludingnortheastChina,centralandwesternregionssuchasXinjiang,Tibet,GuangxiandQinghaiandsomeoverlappingplanning/,centyears,somenewproble,first,withintensifiedregionalfactormobilityandregionalintegration,thesimpleplanningforadministrativeareascannolongermeettheregionaldevelopmentdemands,andemergingcross-regionalproblems(suchasriverbasinmanagement,eco-environmentalprotectionandetc.)urge,despitetheregionaldevelopmentmasterplansforeast,central,westandnortheastpartsofthecountry,theirwidecoverageleadstopoorfeasibility,orientationandeffectiveness,,astheglobalfinancialcrisistriggeredbyUSsubprimemortgagecrisiskeepsworsening,theglobaleconomymayenteralongperiodofdownturn,theexportandinvestment-drivendevelopmentcanhardlysustain,particularlythecoastalregionsinsoutheastareaofthecountry,andnewmeasuresandpolicesareurgentlynee,thenewroundofeconomicdevelopmentincoastalareassince1990shasfurtherwidenedtheregionalgap,andeffectivemeasuresshouldbetakentopromotetheeconomicdevelopmentincentralandwestregionsandotherunderdevelopedareas,,anumberofnationalstrategicregionalplanswereformulatedinrecentyears,focusingonacceleratingthedevelopmentofkeyareas,implementingmajordevelopmentandreformstrategies,ning,theyear2005and2006markedthebeginning,asonlytwocomprehensivereformpilotareasincludingShanghaiPudongNewAreaandTianjinBinhai,when43keyregionalplanswereapprovedfrom2007to2011,especiallyin2009,2010and2011when12,9and16nationalstrategicregionalplanswereformulatedrespectively,accountingfor70%,regionalplans,insteadofbeingformulatedinanintensiveway,havebeguntotargetonoldrevolutionarybaseareas,areasinhabitedbyethnicminorities,borderareasandpoverty-strickenareas,suchasrockydesertificationareasinYunnan,GuangxiandGuizhou,Wulingegorizedaccordingtotheircoverage,(east,central,westandnortheast),inter-province,,therearetwoplansfortherevitalizationofnortheastChinaandriseofthecentralregionrespectively,11inter-provincialplans,,theinter-provincialplansmostlycoverdifferentprovinces,includingtheYangtzeRiverDelta,PearlRiverDelta,Guanzhong-Tianshuiarea,forestzonesinGreaterKhinganMountainsandLesserKhinganMountains,Haixiarea,Qinghai-Tibet,Chengdu-Chongqing,Wulingshanarea,revolutionarybaseareasinShaanxi,GansuandNingxia,rockydesertificationareasinYunnan,,,sevenarefortheeast,threeforthenortheastandsixforthewestandcentralrespectively;andamongkeycityplans,14fortheeast,,intra-provincialplansandkeycityplanstakethelionsshareandaremainlyfortheeast,nginesofkeycities,andthoseforthewestregionstr,thenationalstrategicregionalplansfallintofourcategories,namelythenationalnewarea,regional(development)plans,(national)instructionsandcomprehensivereformarea(includingcomprehensivesupportingreformpilotareaandcomprehensivereformpilotarea).The35regionaldevelopmentplansaccountforabout2/3,includingspecialenvironmentalprotectionplans(regionalecologicaldevelopmentandenvironmentprotectionplanonQinghai-TibetPlateau),povertyalleviationplan,borderareadevelopmentandopeningupplan(pilotarea),developmentdemonstrationzone/ormulatedbytheStateCouncil,includingZhongyuanEconomicZone,Kashgar-KhorgosEconomicDevelopment,including10nationalcomprehensivesupportingreformpilotareas(ShanghaiPudong,TianjinBinhai,Chongqing,Chengdu,Wuhancityrim,Changsha-Zhuzhou-Xiangtancitycluster,Shenzhen,ShenyangEconomicZone,ShanxiProvinceandXiamen)andthreenationalcomprehensivereformpilotareas(Yunnan,YiwuofZhejiangProvinceandWenzhouofZhejiangProvince).Thenationalnewareasarerepresentativenationalstrate,includingShanghaiPudongNewArea,TianjinBinhaiNewArea,ChongqingLiangjiangNewArea,ZhejiangZhoushanIslandsNewArea,,althoughplanningdocumentsfordifferentregionshavedifferentnature,theyonlydifferinpolicyfocusandthepreferentialdegree,andarethesameintermsofthecoretargetandtheirpromotionalroleinregionaldevelopment.LeiWeiTheoutbreakoftheinternationalfinancialcrisishastaughtusaprofoundlesson,thatis,guardingagainstthesystematicrisksandstrengtheningtheprudentmacromanagement,itisofvitalimportancetodrawonandpaycloseattentiontotheinternationaltrendofreformonprudentmacromanagementframeworkandconstructonethatissuitedtoChinaeworkatthePresentStageofDevelopmentinChinaCurrently,thefinancialregulationinChinastillremainsatthelevelofprudentmicromanagementandtheconceptofaprudentmacromanagementhas,thelatenthiddensystematicrisksarepressingforthereformofChinabilityareincreasingAtpresent,Chinalacksaspecialdepartmentinitsmacro-controlsystemtogetagraspoftheoverallpictureofthesystematicfinancialrisksfromtheprudentmacromanagementperspectiveandtomakein-depthanalysisofthecloselinkpolicy-making,,themacrorisksfacingChinasfinancialsystemmainlyinclude:One,theadverseimpactofthedisequilibriuma,thepressuregeneratedbytheaccumulationoftheassetpricebubbles,suchastherealestateprices,,thepressurearisingfromthedrasticincreaseofloansthroughi,thegrowingimpactofthecross-bordercapitalflowonChinaralldevelopmentInrecentyears,withthedevelopmentofthepilotprojectsofcomprehensivefinancialbusinessmanagementandofmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperationrepresentedbywealthmanagementproductsandprivateequities,thecurrentlyenforcedfinancialregulationsystemisbeingfacedwithseverechallengesandthesystematicf,thereisalackofeffectivesupervisionovertheever-growingfinancialholdingcompanies,particularlythereislittlesupervisionoverthecomprehensi,,thereisashortageofunitaryregulatoryrulesonmulti-industryandtrans-marketintersectingfinancialbusinessoperations,spresentfinancialregulationsystemAtpresent,thePeoplesBankofChina,ChinaBankingRegulatoryCommission,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionandChinaInsuranceRegulatoryCommissionhaveconductedthefinancialsupervisionandcontrolinitsinitialform,thusofficiallyformingthefinancialregulationsystemcharacterizedbydividedoperation,dividedcontrolansBankofChinaismainlyinchargeofformulating,enhancingandimplementingmonetarypoliciesand,meanwhile,italsopracticesforeignexchangecontrol,exercisesfollow-upsurveysoftheinternationalfinancialmarketandissueearly-warningsonmarketrisks,supervisesandcontrolscross-bordercapitalflows,interbankmarkets,bankbondmarkets,bankbillmarkets,interbankforeignexchangemarkets,goldma,theStateCouncilapprovedtheRegulationontheMainFunctions,InteriorInstitutionsandStaffingofthePeoplesBankofChinaansfinancialregulationsystemInrecentyears,withtherapiddevelopmentoffinancialglobalization,liberalizationandfinancialinnovation,thefinancialindustryhasbeenopeningwide,thepresentfinancialregulationsystemhasbecomeincreasinglyunabletoadapttothechangesandtheinherentdefectsofthissystemhavegraduallyloomedup.(1)InadequatesupervisionandcoordinationunderthepresentregulationsystemCurrently,multi-industryproblemsaremainlysolvedthroughconsultationatt,theministry-leveljointconferencemechanismisonlyanexpedientmeasureforstrengtheningfinancialregulationandcoordinationunderthepresentfinancialsystem,,theministry-leveljointconferencesystemisusuallyatemporaryfinancialregulationan,forlackoflegalsupportonthenationallevel,theconstraintandauthoritativenessofsuchamechanismwillbecrippledconsiderablyandthedecisionsmadeatthejointconferenceswon,usually,“memorandums”aresignedbyvarioussectorsfortheestablishmentoftheministry-leepolicyorbusinessissues,thecoord,thoughthePeoplesBankofChinaplaysaroleinsafeguardingthefinancialstability,ithasnorelevantmeasuresandadministrativeauthoritativeness.(2)InadequateconstructionofthesystemforguardingagainstsystematicfinancialrisksTherehasbeeninadequateconstructheopeningup,thesystematicfinancialriskswillexertincreasinglyevidentinfluenceonChinasiveinthedaystocome,therewill,weshouldtakeprecautionsbymakingfulluseofChinaslatterdevelopmentadvantagesinsystematicinnovationanddesignandplaninadvanceafinancialregulationsystemconducivetoguardingagainstanddissolvingsystematicfinancialrisks.ByZhangWenkui,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCResearchReportNo115,fromOrdinaryState-ownedEnterprisesTheoutbreakoftheglobalfinancialcrisisin2008hittheChineseeconomyheavilyandthegovernmentsubsequentlyputforthaneconomicstimulusplanof4trillionyuan,,localgovernmentshadreliedonwhatiscalledthefinancingplatformtogainlargeamountsofloan,ductedhavegivenrisetosubstantiallydifferentunderstandingsandrecognitionsofthefinancingplatform,whichwillnotonlyaffecttheriskassessment,butwillevenmakeitdifficulttoaccurasreachedseventoeightthousandevensurpassedtenthousandinChina,withthetotalamountofloansreachingseventoeighttrillionyuanoreveninexcessoftentrillion,whileotherliteraturereckonthatthereareonlyseveralhundredfinamandthedistinguishingofthefinancingplatformfromordinarystate-ownedenterprisesareconducivetoacldenterprisessetupbythegovernmnvolve,inreality,sincequiteanumberofstate-ownedenterprisesareinvolvedininfrastructureconstruction,publicutilitiesandcompetitiveindustriesand,inparticular,somelocalitieshaveoftenintegratedthestate-ownedinfrastructureassets,state-ownedpublicutilityassetsandstate-ownedassetsofcompetitiveindustries,somthefinancingplatformismainlythattheinfrastructurefinancedbythefinancingplatformcannotgeneratecontinuouscashflowsand,atleast,,manyinfrastructurefacilitiesarebeinghandledinacommercializedway(suchasthetollexpressways)andpublicutilitiesenjoyallthemorestablecashflows,,sometimesitisdifficulttocompletelyseparatetheinfrastructurefacilitiesfromthepublicutilitiesandpublicutilitiesaresometimesentangledwithcompetitivebusiness,thusmakingitdifficultt,infrastructure,publicutilitiesandcompetitivebusinessinsomecitiesformed,throughintegrationandreorganizationanewstate-ownedplatformenterprisesoastogetlistedforfinancing,,amoremeaningfu,bybalingandrestructuring,theBeijingMunicipalGovernmentturned,throughintegrationandreorganization,someofthestatoldingsLtd,includingsuchinfrastructureassetsastheCapitalAirportExpresswayaswellassuchstate-ownedassetsofcompetitiveindustriesasBeijingYanjingBrewery,,stimesinceitslistinginHongKong,,withquiteapartofthefundsbeinginvestedintheupgradingoftheCapitalAirportExpressway,,basedontheBeijingEnterprisesHoldingsLtd,theBeijingMunicipalGovernmentmadeanintegratedrestructuringofBeijingHoldingsLtd.,,whichisaninvestmentandfinancingplatformsetupbytheBeijingMunicipalGovernmentandtheBeijingMunicipalState-ownedAssetsSupervisionandAdministrationCommissionforinfrastructureconstructionandpublicutilitiesinBeijingandwhosemainbusinessincludestheinvestmentinandtheoperationandman,CapitalAirportExpressway,,theassetsofthisfinancingplatformhave,truetoitsname,coveredinfrastructurefacilities,publicutilitiesandcompetitiveindustriesandtheplatformalsoownstheBeijingEnterprisesHoldingsLtd.,,inthecourseofreorganization,manylistedChinesestate-ownedholdingcompaniesbroughtinstate-ownedpublicutilityandinfrastructureassetsoneafteranother,includingfuelgas,electricpower,tapwaterandexpressways,etc..State-ownedenterprisesinmanycities,suchasChangsha,ChengduandShanghai,,theremustbestablecashflowsforthestat,mostofthemunicipaladministrationassetsthatcanbeinjectedinlistedfinancingplatformsareconfinedtopublicutilityassetswithstablecashflows,suchastapwaterandfuelgas,aswellascommercializedinfrastructureassets,suchastollexpresswaysandairportswithlargehandlingcapacity.意大利CQ9宙斯重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,Source:BasedonthedatafromChinaStatisticalYearbook(2)EnterprisetechnologicalinnovationmountsuptoanewhighwithincreasinglydiversefunctionsTechnologicalinnovationisnolongersimplyequipmentupgrading,butisformingmorediversefunctionsthroughbettercombinationwithtechnologicalprogress,energyconservation,emissioncut,,technologicalinno,theenterprisescansetuptheresearchanddevelopmentcenterbasedontechnologicalinnovation,launchdemonstrationprojectsfortheindustria,technologicalinnovationcanbeincorporatedintoenergyconservation,gyconservation,waterconservation,environmentalprotection,,highandnewtechnologiescanbeap,developnewindustriesofstrategicsignifican,techn,technologyandbrandconductcross-regionalandcross-industrialmergingandrestructuring,,technologicalinnovationcanplayaroleinoptimizingtheregion,itcouldprovidetechnicalserviceforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesbysupportinggenerictechnologicalplatformsratherthansupportindividualenterprisesrenovationprojects.(3)LocalgovernmentsrendersustainedsupportfortechnologicalinnovationWithaviewofdevelopinglocaleconomies,localgovernralgovernmenthavepromulgatedandadjustedtheirtechnologicalinnova,,autonomousregions,municipalitiesandcitiesspecificallydesignatedinthestateplanaswellasXinjiangProductionandConstructionCorps,24regionshaveformulatedandreleasedguidingplansonkeytechnologicalinno,inrecentyearsuptoahundredtechnologicalinnovation-supportingpoliciesontaxation,ialfinanceincludingthatofthecities,between2009and2010,,,JiangsuProvinceallocated650millionyuanexclusivelyfortechnologicalinnovationinformsofequipmentsubsidy,loandiscountandincentivesfor878keytechnologicalinnovationprojects.(4)ThecentralgovernmentstrengthenedsupporttotechnologicalinnovationtocopewiththefinancialcrisisThecentralgovernmenthaspromulgatedadjustmentandrenovationplanningupontenkeyindustriessince2008,furtherunderscoringthesignificanceofenterprryandInformationTechnologyjointlyformulatedMeasuresonSpecialInvestmentManagementforKeyIndustriesRejuvenationandTechnologicalInnovation,releasedtheguidelineontechnologicalinnovationinvestment,andorganizedt,thecentralgovernmentearmarkedaround40billionyuanfortechnologicalinnovationupon8,966projects,attractingatotalinvestmentof1,%%%%%%in2010.ByChenDaofu,ResearchTeamon"DeepingtheReformofRuralCreditCooperatives",ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo151,elopmentofRuralCreditCooperativesDespitethereformsandchangeofcompetentauthorities,thepolicyandcom,eventheone-of-the-kindinsomeregions,theruralcredit"givingpolicysupporttoagriculture,facilitatinglocaldevelopment,guardingagainstrisksthroughsupervisionandearningprofitontheirown",theruralcreditcooperativesfindsitselfinadilemmaofattendingtosustainablebusinrcialization,theruralcreditcooperativesarealsofacingthequestionofhowtosetupthesustainablebusinessdevelopmentmodelthroughtransformationsoastoservetheever-growing"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"aswellasmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs).sdevelo"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprisesare"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers",thedevelopmentoftheindustrialeconomyandthewitheringofthesectorrelatedto"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"berofpeopleengagedinagriculture,"emptyvillages",someagriculture-basedenterpriseshavebeguntodeve,greatchangeshave,,theunse,,efoundthemselvesnotinapositiontoadapttotheneedfordiversifiedeconomicdevelopmentinruralareasandthatthecounty-levelcorporatejointcooperativesareunabletoadapttothechangeinruralcapitalneedsforlackofcapitalfundandfundcapacity(loanratioforeachsinglecustomerisrestricted)andduetorelativelylowpersonnelquality(productdevelopmentabilityislimited).Intermsofthefeaturesofthefinancialperformance,thereisaworldofdifferenceinbusinessmodelandriskmanagementapplicabletoservicesofferedtoindustryandurbanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesaswellastothesectorof"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprises,andtherequirementsformanagementstructure(governancemechanism)dstandardized,witheachamountbeinghandsome,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontopledge,"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andtomicroandsmallenterprisesarerelativelysimpleandlessstandardized,witheachamountbeingsmall,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontoactualservicesandcashflowsandlayemphasisonlawoflargenumbers,informationt,theformercallsforcompletesetupofsectionsandstressesstandardizationandinteraction,whilethelatteremphasizesontheflexibilityontheprem,toservewhichevertypesofrealeconomies,theeconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscopedoexistinthefinancialsectoranddsize,ematicrisksforasingl,differentservicegroupswillleadtodifferentbusinessoperationandriskmanagementmodelsforfinancialinstitutions,yetthesustainableoperationsaleoperationarenotboundtohappenandshouldnotcompletelygoagainsttheprovisionofeffectivefinancialservicesforspecificgroups,w,changeofruralcreditcooperativesservicetargetshasposedaedoffastheywereNamely,whetherthecooperativesshouldbeallowedtoexpandtheirdistrictsofoperationtodiversifyandwidentheirbusinessscaleandchangetheirmanagementmodel,itisthechangeoftheeconomicenvironmentthathasposedaquestionofpositioningofthecreditcooperatives,thatis,whetherthecooperativesshouldchangewiththegrowthoftheservicetargetsorjustconcentrateont,thereisalsoaquestionofwhatmethodsaremoreeffectiveintheendtosatisfythefinancialservicedemandarisingfrom"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenethebusinessdevelopmentmodelsthatconformtotheeconomicdevelopmentandlawoffinancialoperationassumedinvariouslocalitiesandmaintaincommercialsustainability.ByChenDaofu,ResearchTeamon"DeepingtheReformofRuralCreditCooperatives",ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo151,elopmentofRuralCreditCooperativesDespitethereformsandchangeofcompetentauthorities,thepolicyandcom,eventheone-of-the-kindinsomeregions,theruralcredit"givingpolicysupporttoagriculture,facilitatinglocaldevelopment,guardingagainstrisksthroughsupervisionandearningprofitontheirown",theruralcreditcooperativesfindsitselfinadilemmaofattendingtosustainablebusinrcialization,theruralcreditcooperativesarealsofacingthequestionofhowtosetupthesustainablebusinessdevelopmentmodelthroughtransformationsoastoservetheever-growing"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"aswellasmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs).sdevelo"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprisesare"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers",thedevelopmentoftheindustrialeconomyandthewitheringofthesectorrelatedto"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"berofpeopleengagedinagriculture,"emptyvillages",someagriculture-basedenterpriseshavebeguntodeve,greatchangeshave,,theunse,,efoundthemselvesnotinapositiontoadapttotheneedfordiversifiedeconomicdevelopmentinruralareasandthatthecounty-levelcorporatejointcooperativesareunabletoadapttothechangeinruralcapitalneedsforlackofcapitalfundandfundcapacity(loanratioforeachsinglecustomerisrestricted)andduetorelativelylowpersonnelquality(productdevelopmentabilityislimited).Intermsofthefeaturesofthefinancialperformance,thereisaworldofdifferenceinbusinessmodelandriskmanagementapplicabletoservicesofferedtoindustryandurbanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesaswellastothesectorof"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprises,andtherequirementsformanagementstructure(governancemechanism)dstandardized,witheachamountbeinghandsome,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontopledge,"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andtomicroandsmallenterprisesarerelativelysimpleandlessstandardized,witheachamountbeingsmall,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontoactualservicesandcashflowsandlayemphasisonlawoflargenumbers,informationt,theformercallsforcompletesetupofsectionsandstressesstandardizationandinteraction,whilethelatteremphasizesontheflexibilityontheprem,toservewhichevertypesofrealeconomies,theeconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscopedoexistinthefinancialsectoranddsize,ematicrisksforasingl,differentservicegroupswillleadtodifferentbusinessoperationandriskmanagementmodelsforfinancialinstitutions,yetthesustainableoperationsaleoperationarenotboundtohappenandshouldnotcompletelygoagainsttheprovisionofeffectivefinancialservicesforspecificgroups,w,changeofruralcreditcooperativesservicetargetshasposedaedoffastheywereNamely,whetherthecooperativesshouldbeallowedtoexpandtheirdistrictsofoperationtodiversifyandwidentheirbusinessscaleandchangetheirmanagementmodel,itisthechangeoftheeconomicenvironmentthathasposedaquestionofpositioningofthecreditcooperatives,thatis,whetherthecooperativesshouldchangewiththegrowthoftheservicetargetsorjustconcentrateont,thereisalsoaquestionofwhatmethodsaremoreeffectiveintheendtosatisfythefinancialservicedemandarisingfrom"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenethebusinessdevelopmentmodelsthatconformtotheeconomicdevelopmentandlawoffinancialoperationassumedinvariouslocalitiesandmaintaincommercialsustainability.ByLiuTao,ResearchTeamon"PolicyofOptimizingtheCirculationSystemofAgriculturalProductsinChina",InstituteofMarketEconomyofDRCResearchReportNo88,SpecializedCooperativesinChinaBasedonsurveysmadeinWeifangCity,ShouguangCityandChangleCountyofShandongProvince,inZhengzhouCityandXinyeCountyofHenanProvince,inChengduCityofSichuanProvince,aswellasinShanghai,wehavefoundthatrecently,especiallyaftertheofficialimplementationoftheLawofthePeoplesRepublicofChinaonSpecializedFarmersCooperativesin2007,thefarmerduallyenhancedBythefirsthalfof2011,therewerealready446,000farmersspecializedcooperativesnationallyregisteredinChina,ion,accountingforabout12%,thetotalamountofcontributionsofthefarmersspecializedcooperativesaroundChinawentupfrom90billionyuanin2007to570billionyuaninthefirsthalfof2011,,thefarmersspecializedcooperativesinShandong,Henan,andsomeotherplacesarethefastestintermsofdevelopment,amo,thefarmersspecializedcooperativesregisteredinShandongProvincewerenearly50,000,%,000andthetotingindustryThedevelopmentofthefarmersspecializedcooperativesinChinahasgraduallyspreadtoanumberofdifferentsectors,includingplanting,breeding,agriculturalmachinery,plantprotectionandtechnicalinformation,withcropfarmingandanimalhusbandrytakingthelion%%.Therefore,theamountofcooperativesinthesetwofieldsholds73%,thespecializedcooperativesinmanyplacesc,,thespecializedcooperativesincropfarminginShandongProvinceare24,594,%,669,%cesrelatedwithagriculturalproductionoperationwhichhasreached14,249,%alesandproductionserviceWiththerapidgrowthinrecentyears,theareasofoperationandrangesofservicehaveexpandedfromtheinformationservicetovariouslinksincludingagriculturalmaterialssupply,agriculturaltechnologyspreading,processing,storage,,ShandongProvince,itislearntthatthecooperativesfocusedonsalesasmajorserviceaccountforabout53%,technicalconsulting,technicaltraining,andsupplyofmeansofproductionholdfor32%.Theonescenteringonprocessingservicetakeup12%,somecooperativeshave,throughpilotpractice,candcross-sectordevelopmentswitnessafastgrowthWiththeexpansionofmanagementscaleandtheintensifiedmarketcompetition,somecooperativeshavescwholebas,,theShouguangXinMengFruitsandVegetablesSpecializedCooperativeUnionestablishedinJuly2011istheonlytrans-regionalcooperativeunionwiththemostnumberofcooperatives,thelargestmembers,nan,Weifang,Weihai,(twojinmakeonekilo)"cooperativeplusfarmers"asthemajorpatternAtpresent,thereareaboutfourtypesofoperatingmodesrelatedtofarmers"cooperativeplusfarmers".Suchcooperativesaregenerallythevoluntaryorg"cooperativeplusproductionbasesplusfarmers".productionbasesandtheybuyorsellthemembers"leadingenterprisespluscooperativesplusfarmers".Suchcooperativesarees"cooperativeunionplusfarmers".This,processing,andmarketingtoget"cooperativesplusfarmers"isthemajorformoffarmersspecializedcooperativesinShandongProvinceamountedto470,000,%,%,zedcooperative,thetypeof"leadingenterprisepluscooperativeplusfarmers"%%respectivelyinthetotalamountofthecooperativesinthetwoProvinces. 20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以ByChenDaofu,ResearchTeamon"DeepingtheReformofRuralCreditCooperatives",ResearchInstituteofFinanceofDRCResearchReportNo151,elopmentofRuralCreditCooperativesDespitethereformsandchangeofcompetentauthorities,thepolicyandcom,eventheone-of-the-kindinsomeregions,theruralcredit"givingpolicysupporttoagriculture,facilitatinglocaldevelopment,guardingagainstrisksthroughsupervisionandearningprofitontheirown",theruralcreditcooperativesfindsitselfinadilemmaofattendingtosustainablebusinrcialization,theruralcreditcooperativesarealsofacingthequestionofhowtosetupthesustainablebusinessdevelopmentmodelthroughtransformationsoastoservetheever-growing"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"aswellasmicroandsmallenterprises(MSEs).sdevelo"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprisesare"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers",thedevelopmentoftheindustrialeconomyandthewitheringofthesectorrelatedto"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"berofpeopleengagedinagriculture,"emptyvillages",someagriculture-basedenterpriseshavebeguntodeve,greatchangeshave,,theunse,,efoundthemselvesnotinapositiontoadapttotheneedfordiversifiedeconomicdevelopmentinruralareasandthatthecounty-levelcorporatejointcooperativesareunabletoadapttothechangeinruralcapitalneedsforlackofcapitalfundandfundcapacity(loanratioforeachsinglecustomerisrestricted)andduetorelativelylowpersonnelquality(productdevelopmentabilityislimited).Intermsofthefeaturesofthefinancialperformance,thereisaworldofdifferenceinbusinessmodelandriskmanagementapplicabletoservicesofferedtoindustryandurbanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprisesaswellastothesectorof"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenterprises,andtherequirementsformanagementstructure(governancemechanism)dstandardized,witheachamountbeinghandsome,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontopledge,"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andtomicroandsmallenterprisesarerelativelysimpleandlessstandardized,witheachamountbeingsmall,therefore,thecooperativespaymoreattentiontoactualservicesandcashflowsandlayemphasisonlawoflargenumbers,informationt,theformercallsforcompletesetupofsectionsandstressesstandardizationandinteraction,whilethelatteremphasizesontheflexibilityontheprem,toservewhichevertypesofrealeconomies,theeconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscopedoexistinthefinancialsectoranddsize,ematicrisksforasingl,differentservicegroupswillleadtodifferentbusinessoperationandriskmanagementmodelsforfinancialinstitutions,yetthesustainableoperationsaleoperationarenotboundtohappenandshouldnotcompletelygoagainsttheprovisionofeffectivefinancialservicesforspecificgroups,w,changeofruralcreditcooperativesservicetargetshasposedaedoffastheywereNamely,whetherthecooperativesshouldbeallowedtoexpandtheirdistrictsofoperationtodiversifyandwidentheirbusinessscaleandchangetheirmanagementmodel,itisthechangeoftheeconomicenvironmentthathasposedaquestionofpositioningofthecreditcooperatives,thatis,whetherthecooperativesshouldchangewiththegrowthoftheservicetargetsorjustconcentrateont,thereisalsoaquestionofwhatmethodsaremoreeffectiveintheendtosatisfythefinancialservicedemandarisingfrom"agriculture,ruralareasandfarmers"andmicroandsmallenethebusinessdevelopmentmodelsthatconformtotheeconomicdevelopmentandlawoffinancialoperationassumedinvariouslocalitiesandmaintaincommercialsustainability.、意大利CQ9宙斯用户至上新葡京久发体育平台--Ananalysisofeconomicsituationinthefirstquarterof2013andprospectsforthewholeyearDRCTaskForceonAnalysisofEconomicPerformanceDespitetheoveralleconomicupturnworldwidesince2013,structuralcontradictionsandriskshaveincreasedintheChineseeconomy,whenreductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthrat,weshouldaimthemacroeconomicpoliciesatproperlyhandlingtherelationshipsbetweenstableeconomicgrowth,,throughadoptingrelevantreformmeasures,releasethegrowthpotential,consolidateinvestmentandincreaseconsumption;innovateonsectoralregulationpatterns,activelyandsteadilymitigateovercapacityandfacilitatethereadjustmentofeconomicstructure;adoptthepolicyofstoppinguploopholeswhileopeningupnewchannelssoastograduallyreleasefinancialrisks,toconstantlyimprovethequalityofgrowthandeconomicbenefitan%Inthefirstquarter,theglobaleconomicperformancetookaturnforthebetter,whichhelpedtodriveforwardthe,theChineseeconomyiswitnessingareductionoflong-andmedium-termpotentialgrowthratesintertwinedwiththeweakrecoveryoftheshort-termeconomiccycle,increasedstructuralcontradictionsandrisksas,stableinvestment,theupturnperformanceofworldeconomyandpublicexpectationsforeconomicimprovement,China%inthefirstquarter,whichisalittlelowerthaninQ42012,%.orscoexistedwithnegativeonesPositivefactorsonthedemandsideincluded:first,exportgrowthroseevidently,%,,China,infrastructureandrealestateinvestmentmaintaineditsupturnmomentum,andthenominalgrowthexceeded20%.Theurbanfixedassetinvestmentmaintainedasteadygrowthand,amongothers,investmentgrowthspeededupinChina,,,%,,,duringthefirstquarter,%,soverallgrowthrate,,accountingforanaverageratioof34%overrecent5years,anditwill,incaseofacontinuousdownturn,insomeindustriesIncontrasttothedifferentiationofthedemandside,,theyear-on-yearaccumulativegrowthoftheindustrialaddedvaluehadremainedat10%,importantindustrialproductssuchasautomobiles,steel,cement,integratedcircuit,powerandcommunicationequipment,stsintheinteractiverelationshipbetweensupplyanddemand,,enterpriseswi,,thecontinuityoftheriseininventoryisdetermpo,,,thecapacityutilizationinsuchindustriesassteel,automobile,cement,nonferrousmetal,textile,hsectorsasinfrastructureandrealestate,whichareanimportantdrivingforcefordemandgrowth,,excessivelyrapidgrowthofdemand,ifany,islikelytostimulatethegrowthofinvestmentinovercapacityindustries,mprovethecapacityutilizationtoacertainextentwithoutincurringenormousinvestmentstimulusbutgainingtimeforthereduction%Theworldeconomicsituationisbetterthanlastyear,boththetertiaryandmanufacturingindustriesareexpanding,andthecapacityutilizationhashitanall-timehighover62monthstime;therealestatesectorcontinuestorevive,withthehousingsalesreachingarecordhighover39months;theemploymentfigurehasreachedthepre-crisislevel,%;andcorpor,thePMIofEurozonesserviceandmanufacturingindustries,theeconomicboomindexaswellastheinvestmentconfidenceindexalldroppedinMarch,d,thereturnrateofnationaldebttreasurybondsofvariousEurozonecountrieswentdownnotably,bytheShinzoAbegovernment,,,theeconomicobserverprospectsindexadandfourthquarterslastyear;andinFebruary,PMIsoftheBRICcountriesalltopped50,suggestingthew,itispredictedthatChinasexportgrowthwillreachabout10%....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.Note:BasedonChinaStatisticalYearbooks,,wecandrawthefollowingbasicconclusions:First,intermsofthedirectionoftransfer,,,sevenareintheeastregion,fiveareinthewestregion,,sevenareinthewestregion,fiveareinthecentralregion,threeareintheeastregion,,ShanghaiandBeijingarethetwoprovincespostingthemostprominenttaxrevenueinflowandShandongand(thisreportdefinesasahighdegreeofdeviation,asthemediandegreeofdeviation,andasthelowdegreeofdeviation),,Beijing,Shandong,Henan,Zhejiang,Hunan,HebeiandJiangsu(intheorderofdeviationdegree).Inparticular,Shanghai,Beijing,ZhejiangandJiangsuaretheprovincespostingnetinflow,andthedegreesofnettaxrevenue,thedegreeoftaxrevenue-taxsourcedeviationtendstowidenonthewhole,withthetaxrevenueflowmajorregionsinthepastfiv%%,thedegreeofdeviation(inabsolutevalue)ofthreeothermajorregionsalsorose,,thewestregionpostedthemostdramaticrise,xratesandtaxsourcestructuresaretakenintoaccount,wediscoverthattheabove-saiddegre,thebasictrendoftaxreven,theydonothavesubstantialimpactsontheresultsofempiricalanalysis....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLaiYouwei,GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReportNo219,2012(Total4221)sLaborServiceDispatchingIndustryLaborservicedispatchingisotherwiseknownashumanresourcedispatch,talentdispatch,flexibleemploymentandisbasicallycharacterizedby"recruitmentbyservicedispatchingcompanieswithoutusingtherecruits"and"employersnotinvolvedinrecruitment".Servicedispatchingcompaniesaretherealemployersandundertakeresponsibilitiesasemployers,includingrecruitingemployees,handlingadmissionproceduresandsigninglaborcontractswithemployees;givingoutsalariesandsocialbenefitstoemployees;handlingsocialinsuranceandhousingfundforemployees;andattendingtoemployees,laborservicedispatchinghasnotlongexistedinChina,(FESCO)establishedin1979isinvolvedinpolicypersonneldispatch,andFESCOsservicesaremainlyaimedatworkingstaffsofforeignenterpri,someprofessionalintermed,alargenumberofpeoplewerelaidoffinChina,redundantlaborersappearedinlargenumbersinruralar,havingadaptedtotheenterprisesdemandforflexibleemployment,laborservicedispatchingindustrybroughtinlargenumbersoflaid-offworkersfromstate-ownedenterprisesandtookinmigrantworkers,,particularlysincetheimplementationoftheLaborContractLawonJanuary1,2008,therear-servicedepartmentsofsomestate-ownedenterprisesandinstitutionsandsomeforeignenterprisesbegantoemploylaborservicedispatchedworkersinlargenumbers,,therehavebeennoaccurateandauthoritativestatisticsaboutthetotalnumberofChineselaborservicedispatchedworkers,aytheMinistryofHumanResourcesandSocialSecuritywas27million,whilethenu(regionsandmunicipalities)andfromnationwideindustrialunionsshowthatthenumbersearchOfficeofAll-ChinaFederationofTradeUnionsontherealizationofemploymentandeconomicrightsandinterestsamongworkersofcountrywideenterprisesrevealthatin2011thenumberofChineselaborservicedispatchedworkerstotaledabout37million,%ofthenationaltotal,andthatthenumberofservice%,laborservicedispatchedworkersaremainlymigrantworkers,urbanlaid-offworkers,universityandsecondarytechnicalschoolgraduatesandotherurbanpersonnel,,thelabndaryindustry,whilethetertiaryindustry,especiallysomeemergingindustriesrequiring,industriesemployingbignumbersoflaborservicedispatchedworkersincludeconstruction-relatedinstallation,telecommunications,postalservice,finance,insurance,petrochemical,port,power,tobacco,oil,waterconservancy,transportationandfood,ofwhichtheproportionoflaborservicedispatchedworkersemployedbytelecommunicationindustryhasreached40%ollowingreasonshavegiventractiontotherapiddevelopmentofChina,ialsocialgroupsCurrently,ChinasserviceresourcesfoveinChina,andsegmentationofregionalmarketsexistsinvaryingdegrees,makingitdiffic,somelaid-offandunemployedpeople,departmentsconcernedorganizethemtorealizeemploymentbywayoflaborservicedispatching,,manyuniversityandsecondarytechnicalschoolgraduateshavefosteredtheconceptoffindingjobsinvariouschannels,andtheywouldgetanemploymentfirstbeforeselectingajobsoastoaccumulateworkexperiencethroughlaborservice,somewell-educatedpeoplewhoarecompetentinfindingjobsacquireemploymentthroughlaborservicedispatchingtodowhattheylike,,thelaborservicedispatchingindustrywithanewtypeofindustrialrelationisplayingagoodpartofvitalimmediatesignificanceinboostingemploymentandimprovitowardimprovingtheabilitiesoflaborservicedispatchingcompanies,tighteningsupervisionoveremployingunitsandsafeguardinneedforrecruitingworkersEnterprises,largeorsmall,,itisimpossibletotrytocaptur,personnel-relatedsupportmustbeconstantlyacquiredfromoutsideforthedevelopmentofenterprises,"seekingserviceabilityinsteadofownership".Bymeansofthisflexiblewayofemployment,enterprisescanrealizetheimmediatesu,entrustinglaborservicedispatchingcompaniestosupplylaborservspoliciesandlawsandtomitigaterisksandbringdowntheoperatingcost,someforeign-fundedenterprisesdonotsetuphumanresourcesmanagementofficesbutcontractoutthisassignmenttolaborservicedispatchingcompanikersonaseasonalbasis,,laborservicedispatchingcaneffectivelymeettheemployingneedsofsomeenterprisesandcanreducetheoperatingcosts,,privately-operatedorforeign-fundedenterprisesallhaveinternalimpetustouselaborservicedispatchedworkers.、DVORChinaEntrepreneursSurveySystem(CESS),InstituteofPublicAdministrationandHumanResourcesResearchReportNo16,2013(Total4265)Inrecentyears,laborshortageandthedifficultyinrecruitingworkershavebecometheincreas,inparticular,theslowdownoftheeconomicgrowthhasaggravatedthepressureonenterprisesinemployingworkersand,meanwhile,thedeclineoftheindustrialinvestmentgrowthhasreducedenterprisesusingthelaborforceandtounderstandwhatwillhappeninthefuture,CESSconductedaquestionnairesurveyonlaborrecruitmenteveryquartersince2012,oraterepresentatives,andstratifiedrandomsamplingwasconductedamongdifferentindustriesonthebasisofChina,with1,,thisreport,whilereferringtoerstwhileCESSdata,makespacketanalysisofthreemajoreconomicareas,namely,theYangtzeRiverDeltaArea,thePearlRiverDeltaAreaandtheBeijiitingworkers:First,thelaborcostcontinuedtorise,inwhichthemonthlypayofbothaverageandtechnicalworkersincreasedonaquarterlybasis;Second,enterprisesstillfounditdifficulttorecruitworkers,,ononehand,in2012thenumberoflaborrecruitmentplansofenterprisesreducedonaquarterlybasis,andtheplanswereaimedatalargerproportionofrecruitsaged18~30,includingemployees,highschool(technicalsecondaryschoolandvocationalschool)graduatesandmaleemployees;ontheother,in2012thelaborshortagewasbeingalleviatedonaquarterlybasisandwasfurtheralleviatedamongenterprisesintheYangtze,/3oftheenterprisesplantoincreaseworkerswagesinthefirstquarterof2013,%;,thoseinBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea,largeenterprises,state-ersitygraduatesthanmigrantworkers,,riseinlaborc,015entrepreneursshowsthat,withregardtothemajorproblemhamperingthedevelopmentofenterprisesatthepresenttime,%oftheenterprisesmadethechoiceof"riseinlaborcost",rankingtopamong19choices,,%oftheenterprisesthoughtlaborcostrosehigherin2012thanin2011,being87percentagepointshigherthanthosethinkingthelaborcostwas"reduced".Intermsofregion,laborcostofenterprisesintheYangtzeRiverDeltaAreaandinthePearlRiverDeltaArearosehigherthanthatofenterprisesintheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiArea;intermsofscale,laborcostofmedium-sizedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatoflargeandsmallenterprises;intermsofeconomictype,laborcostofforeign-fundedenterprisesrosehigherthanthatofstate-ownedandnon-state-ownedenterprises;inaddition,laborcostofexpo%oftheenterprisesthoughtthemonthlypayofaverageworkersamountedto2,%ofthemthoughtthemonthlypayoftechnicalworkerscameto4,000yuanorabove,%%respectivelyinthesecondquarter,%%%and36%,themonthlypayofaverageworkersshowedanupwardtrendonaquarterlybasis;themonthlypayoftechnicalworkersdroppedslightlyinthefirstthreequartersandroseinthefourthquarter(Tables12).Table1 WagesofAverageWorkersatPresent(%)ByLiZhinengWangJicheng,DRCTaskForceonLaborShortageinEnterprisesinSpring2012,EnterpriseResearchInstituteofDRCOveraperiodoftimeaftertheSpringFestival(ChinasLunarNewYearwhichfallsonJanuary23,2012),manymassmediareportedthe"laborshortage"issueinsomelocalitiesandenterprises,whichdrewextensiveattentionofgovernmentaldepartmentsconcerned."Laborshortage"indicatestheovegdong,Zhejiang,Henan,Anhui,SichuanandShaanxiProvincestofindoutifthereisorwillreallybea"laborshortage",ReasonableandRelaxedwithaHighRateofReturntoJobs,WhichIsQuiteOppositetotheReported"LaborShortage"ZhejiangProvinceisstillfacingarecruitmentplightin2012,yetthetenselaboremploymenthasbeenalleviatedascomparedtothepreviousyear,andthelabor-starvedindustriesandtypesofworktallybasicallywiththeprovince,ahighrateofreturntojobshasbeenwitnessedamongwork,thesurveyof4,000smallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinYiwucitysuggeststhatinrecentyearsanaverageof65%ofveteranworkershavereturnedtofactoriesinYiwuandthenumberofnewworkersintroducedbyveteranworkersonlabormarketmadeupanother25%,leavingarelativelyreasonable10%,,,%ofthehome-returneesbeforetheSpringFestival,andtheti,therateofreturntojobsapproached90%.AftertheSpringFestival,therecruitmentisaimedatstaffsupplement,withtherecruitmen,employingworkerscautiouslya,themonitoringdataonlaboremploymentbyenterprisesofHenanProvincedemonstratethatthelaborshortageratewas18%,icipalitiesrevealthattherateofworkersreturntojobsexceeded70%,"recruitmentplight"ocialSecurityDepartmentamong10,654enterprisesin30state-andprovince-leveleconomican%%skeyenterprisesofelectricalhomeappliancesandfastmovingconsumergoodssawtheirratesofworkersreturntojobsaftertheSpringFestivalallexceeding90%and"enormousstaffinflowsandoutflows",GuangdongandAnhuiasaResultofEconomicGrowthSlowingDownandExportDecliningThefactthattheglobalfinancialcrisisisstillfarfromcomingto,theinternalresources,environmentalconstraintsandstructuralreadjustmentfacingChinaseconomicdevelopmenthaveallmadethedownturnofChinasGDPaverageannualgrowthrateinevitableduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodandareproducingachallengeto,smallandurgentordersareinlargenumber,,fromJanuary26toFebruary12,2012,,%,(February6),theprovincesstatisticalandsurveydepartmentr,tyear,suggestingthattheutilizationan,thenumberofnewlyincomingmigrantworkershasaccountedforonly5%orsoofallmigrantworkersintheprovince,beinglowerthanthelevelof10%sspeciallaboremploymentinvestigationdemonstratesthat3,966enterprisesintheprovinceareshortof50laborersormoreandtheyintendtorecruit245,000people,signifyingareductionof13,%.Labordemandonthehumanresourcesmarketisdecreasingaswellfromayearearlierandtheprincipalcauseisthatthepressureof,TransferwithinProvincesIsGrowingFast,theNumberofWorkersReturningHometownsforBusinessStartupandBackflowofSkilledWorkersHaveIncreased,yetOnlySomeNewly-increasedWorkersCanBeLocallyProvidedwithJobsAtpresent,,,,000everyyearduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiod,whiletheprovincecanonlyprovide350,000jobs,an,Yulin,TongchuanandHabusinessstartupsintheirhometowns,entrepreneurshiptrainingandsuchpoliciesasgovernmentsupplyofsmallloansguarantees,thenumberofmigr,224,000farmershadgonebacktoShaanxitostartbusinessesandsetup98,000enterprises,providingjobsto595,,,,ysbeengrowingsince2001andthenumberincreasedto23millionin2011,,upby778,000,,down214,"NewAreasofSichuan",thekeyprojectsinChengduin2012wouldneed350,,,2millionpeopleincitiesandtownsoftheprovinceneedjobsandtherea,ononehand,thesituationofChinafacedwithapressureofitsaggregateemploymentvolumecontinuallyintensifyinghasbecomemoresevereandcomplicatedduringthe12thFive-YearPlanperiodand,ontheother,thelaborforcetransferandrivalryamongtheeastern,lusters,whilecentralandwesternregionstakeineasterncoastalregionwithinashortperiodoftimeintermsofrelativelyperfectinfrastructurefacilities,completeindustrialchains,betterlivinpacitiesincentralandwesternregionshasincreasedtheaggregatelabordemand,yetwhentakingovershiftedindustriesandenterprisesfromtheeasternregion,someprovincesandmunicipalitiesincentralabypresententerprisesandareunableatalltoabsorbtheworkingpopulationsqueezedoutfromtheeasternregioninaddressingthefinancialcrisisandexportdownturn.Figure2ChinasForeignTradeIncreasefrom1978to2010Source:ChinaStatisticalYearbookSinceChinaemergedastheworldssecondlargesteconomyaftergoingthroughthephaseoftryingtorapidlycatchupwithdevelopedcountriesbycuttingdownonconsumption,itish:one,thehighconsumption,seriouspollutionandhighemissionscausedbyheavyindustryfarexceedsthecarryingcapacityoftheresourceenvironment;two,theinternationalfinancialcrisishascauseddrasticshrinkageofforeigndemandwhichishardtoberestoredwithinashorttime,sothereistoomuchsurplusindomesticproductionwhichispartiallyattributabletointensiveinvestmentsmadeovertheyears;three,extensiveandinefficientproductionmodecanbarelystandthepressurecausedbythesurginglaborcostaswellascompetitionpressurewithotheremergingcountries;andfour,thescopeofintroducinganddrawingonforeigncountries,somefactorscharacterizingtheolddevelopmentmodecouldnolongersatisfytheneedsfordevelopmentinthenewstage,likethemechanism,system,productionandconsumpti,mechanism,stimulatingthevitalityandcreativityoftheindividualmarketplayers,upliftingthesystemscompatibilityandthegovernmentscapabilitytocopewithrisks,soastoultimatelyattainthegoalo,wemustfulfillthefollowingtasks:(1)Weshouldattachmoreimportancetocultivationanddevelopmentofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesratherthanrelyonlargeenterprisesandkeyprojects;(2)Weshouldrelyoncoordinateddevelopmentoftheprimary,secondaryandtertiaryindustriesratherthanthesecondaryindustry,theheavyindustryinparticular,topropeleconomicdevelopment,withaviewofbenefitingfrombotheconomiesofscaleandeconomiesofscope;(3)Insteadofrelyinglargelyoninvestmentandexporttopropeleconomicdevelopment,weshouldemphasizecoordinateddevelopmentamonginvestment,consumptionandexportwithparticularattentiontoenhancingconsumptionspulloneconomicdevelopment,protectandraisedomesticdemand;(4)Weshouldstressindependentinnovationratherthanabsorbinternationaladvancedtechnologies,anddevelopemergingindustries;(5)Weshouldshiftfromgovernment-orientedperformancetomarketorientedperformance,andbetterplayoutthemarketsregulatoryandself-disciplinaryrole;(6)Weshouldtransformfromregionalcompetitionmodetobalanceddevelopmentbetweenurbanandruralareas,,therealeconomyistherecipientoffiniceandnewchallengesuponthetraditionalfinancingintermediarymode,onInitsmostfundamentalrole,financeservesasacenterinsocialcapitaltransactionanddistribution,channeli,Chinasfinancialsystemhasbeenaccustomedtothetradit:first,itisledbythegovernmenttoconductmajorprojectsbypoolingresources,givingrisetoindirectfinancingmechanismdominatedbymajorbanks;second,ittendstofavordevelopmentofcapital-intensiveindustrialsector,givingbirthtothebankcreditculturefeaturingmortgagingcollateralsasthemainwaytoforestallrisks;andthird,themanagementmodeisbasicallythesameforb,mechanismandcreditculture,thecapitalisboundtoflowintolargemanufacturingbusinessesandinfrastructurewhileforthetechnologyandtheserviceindustriesitishardtoobtainbanks-sizede:Theincompatibilityofthefinancialsystemisultimatelyreflectedinthelowefficiencyoffinancialservice.。

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